Reaction Paper : Fertility Transition In Sub Saharan Africa Demography Studies Assignment

1141 words - 5 pages

Reaction paper : Fertility transition – is Sub Saharan Africa different.
Name – Ncube Nomagugu N C
Student number – 1111945
Malthus believed that human beings are impelled to increase the population of its species by what he called a powerful instinct urge to reproduce, he claimed that with no check Humans would continue to multiply to an incalculable number (Elwell, 2001) This reaction paper will focus on the Fertility transition in Africa that is significantly decreasing although fertility In Africa still remains substantially higher than elsewhere in the world (John Bongaarts, 1984). This reaction paper will discuss the fertility transition theories, I will also give arguments supported by scholarly evidence to the fertility transition in sub Saharan Africa.
Fertility refers to the number of live births a woman has actually had (Bongaarts, 1978) , a live birth means that the child would have been carried for nine months and given birth and taken one single breath. According to (Bongaarts & Casterline, 2013) Sub Saharan Africa is still in the early stages of transition, and the fertility decline is substantially slower in comparison to pace of decline in Asia and Latin America.
Bongaarts & Casterline (2013) states that the high unmet need for contraception in Africa is indicative of frustrated demand for contraception. However in most women in Africa are less likely to make use of contraception than anywhere else because of a combination of poor health systems and social stigma, attached to the use of contraceptives which has led to the unmet need of contraceptives (Odunga, 2015) . Bongaarts & Casterline suggest that there should be implementation of family planning programs , however in most countries youth fail to go to hospitals and clinics because they fear that they might be judged for being sexually active whereas instead of the nurses to encourage them to have safe sex.
It is said that Africans generally have a desire for large families, Bongaarts & Casterline (2013) states that high fertility in the early stages of demographic transition is the consequence of high desired family size. This could be arguable true in African context because in most cultures it is said that a man is a man by how big his household is. This was a tradition caused by the fact that most households practiced farming and cattle rearing so many at times having many children meant having labourers to work in the fields, children were valuable as farm workers, which was very important when most people live on the land hence large families were encouraged. This tradition led to population boom and in a society where social security does not exist, most of the children who were not lucky enough to be born by affluent parents suffer lots of setbacks. Then again the lack of education in Africa could have been one of the reasons for the high fertility rates. Most African communities did not empower women and hence most women saw themselves as nothing more than just...

Other Essays On Reaction paper : Fertility Transition in Sub Saharan Africa - Demography studies - Assignment

Latinos in America, the discrimination (who, what, when, where, why) - Social studies project - Research paper

570 words - 3 pages because of their ethnic background or of their race. · · 30% of Latinos in the US lack or don't have health coverage. · Discrimination can lead to depression (lack of self-confidence, social isolation) or cause severe problems (poverty). When? Frequent areas of discrimination · Studies show that Latinos get discriminated against in schools. There is often a communication problem between teachers and parents and this leads to poor school

Religious Studies - How is Shia'ism presented in Islam - yr 13 - Research paper

3674 words - 15 pages ISLAM – A2- Theme 4 – D E F Beliefs and practices distinctive of Shi’a Islam · The Shi’a. the party of Ali are known as the largest minority sect in Islam · Within Sunni Islam there are several sects – Brewlvi, Deobandi as well as followers of different schools of thought. · Within Shi’a Islam, there are also different sects – The Twelvers, Ismailis and Allawis. · Sufi Muslims exist within both Shi’a and Sunni Islam. · Salafis often reject Shi’a

humanitarian intervention in the 21st century - assignment - research paper

762 words - 4 pages protestors found themselves the target of mass atrocities at the hands of government armed forces. In witnessing such violence by the Libyan government, the international community and regional and sub-regional bodies acted to protect the populations through a range of economic, political, and military measures. Afganistan – Iraq – Somalia. Compare Libya and Rwanda (was the reason for r2p) Firsty explain the two humanitarian missions 1) Overthrow gov 2) Genocide, interventions to genocide

Assignment on how math can be used in the occupation of nursing - College Algebra - Research Paper

603 words - 3 pages Algebra in Nursing Math, although it maybe unliked by many students, is essentially to daily life. Math is apart of just about everything we do. It is used to create the cars we come to school in and the toothpaste we use to brush our teeth. It is just as essential to nursing as it is to everyday life. One of the skills required to be a nurse is solving basic linear equations for dimensional analysis. Dimensional analysis is the process of

A 6 Page Double Space Paper I Had To Do Last Year In MS1. The Assignment Was To Pick 3 USA Branches And State Why I'd Want To Chose Them As A Career

1307 words - 6 pages C/PVT Hopper, David CharlesMS 1100Career Branch ChoicesSpeaking as a newly appointed second lieutenant in the US Army, my three choices of main service would be quite varied. In no particular order they would be Air-Defense Artillery, Aviation, and Infantry. I've always liked the idea of flying, be it transport or actual combat vehicles wouldn't matter to me. I would like to fly attack or combat support choppers though. I've always wanted the

"Globalisation And Its Impact On Both Developed And Underdeveloped Countries"

3439 words - 14 pages it the most. The presence of corruption and political instability are detrimental to globalisation and make it unachievable. Also, developed countries play a role, as it seems apparent that they are in fact holding back underdeveloped countries with protectionism, as regions like Sub-Saharan Africa exhibit a comparative advantage in a wide range of agricultural products.I. INTRODUCTIONThis paper examines the concept of 'Globalisation' and its

Discuss The Effect Of Islam Upon West Africa

818 words - 4 pages Change Over Time Essay Assignment #1The camel, with its ability to travel long distances without water and carry heavy loads, facilitated trans-Saharan communication. During the seventh and eighth centuries CE, Islamic conquerors had added North Africa to the dar al-Islam. By the end of the eighth century CE, Muslim merchants had crossed the Sahara and initiated commercial relations with Sub-Saharan West Africa and by the beginning of the second

Democratization of South Africa - Political Science - Research paper

3188 words - 13 pages country is continuing to make strides since its existence and that is going to continue until it is fully democratized. 1. Glad, Betty, and Robert Blanton. “F. W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela: A Study in Cooperative Transformational Leadership.” Presidential Studies Quarterly, 27, no. 3, pp. 565–590., www.jstor.org/stable/27551769?seq=8#metadata_info_tab_contents. 2. Young, Kim C. Democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa. University of Evansville, 14

COMPARE AND CONTRAST AZTEC, MAYAN, INCAN - HISTORU - ESSAY

4842 words - 20 pages Islam; variation of Islam is sub-Saharan Africa, global connections, formation of a hemispheric trading zone, Greek and South Asia influences on Islamic society, gender in Islam. Oct. 30, Week 10: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islam to South and Southeast Asia/African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam in Africa Readings: S-G Text; Ch. 12-13. Tuesday Quiz on Student Learning Objectives 12.1, 12.2, 2.3, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3 Tuesday: Topics: The

Hepatitis B (I uploaded this to get access - Health - Essay

963 words - 4 pages Sam Tate 09/21/2017 Health Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is reported as a major health problem in Africa, Western Pacific and Asian countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa with population 65 million patients that has chronic HBV. The HBV infection is interplay between virus replication and host immune system. By transmitting through the skin or mucous membrane, HBV will cause chronic infection and affect the liver cancer and

Bing Bang Bong Walla Walla ding dong ching chong walla walla fing done - Phsycholugyk 1w - YUpppppppppppp

442 words - 2 pages , vomiting of blood and foul body odor. Where does this disease exist? The plague is most commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar, areas which account for more than 95 percent of reported cases, according to the CDC. Madagascar often sees the highest numbers of bubonic or black plague cases worldwide, about 600 infections annually. When was the last Black Death outbreak? Around 1400, the fact that plague is transmitted by rat fleas

Similar Papers

Living Conditions In Africa A Crime Against Humanity English 10 Honors Research Paper

906 words - 4 pages government’s decisions are a Crime Against Humanity. Specifically, the Sub-Saharan​ ​regions in Africa have been facing many challenges with their economic status. Les Picker, a writer for The ​National Bureau of Economic Research ​states, “Investment Rate of Africa has fallen. Since 1975 the investment rate has declined to 8.5 percent for the whole continent”(Picker). This demonstrates a crisis in their lack of investment. Which indicates that they

Research Paper About Erratic Power Supply In Africa (Nigeria As A Case Study) Texas Tech University/ Grid Research Paper

4421 words - 18 pages have been in general completed through specific air pollution prevention actions, process improvements, and recycling. These efforts have been documented in several automobile enterprise case studies mentioned to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (1998c). Ford's Climate Control Division makes aluminum heat exchangers, such as radiators, heater cores, condensers, and evaporators. In the ordinary process, trichlorethylene (TCE) is

Student Success Exploration Paper. In This Essay It Describes My Transition From A 2 Yr Community College To A Major University, All Step By Step Explanation With Facts

1888 words - 8 pages characteristics that interest me with this person' work environment are: the fast paced work environment, the multicultural businesses and employees, interaction with the people whom you work for and help, being your own boss, and finally being able to make lots of money (unlimited earning potential).Writing this paper has taught me that what you accomplish in your lifetime, and what you fail to accomplish, is all your doing. You are given the opportunity

Dictatorship Paper Of World War 2 Seycove Secondary Social Studies 10 Assignment

1389 words - 6 pages DICTATORSHIP PAPER NAME: Olivia Bawden DATE: February 19th, 2018 BLOCK: 2 During WWII (World War Two) there were two major forces, the Allies and the Axis. The focus will be on the Axis alliance and the three principal partners of this allied force, Italy, Germany and Japan, along with comparing and finding the differences in their government, society and economy. Germany was recognized for domination over the majority of Europe; Italian