Reasons For The Liberal Social Welfare Reforms History Assignment/Essay

1411 words - 6 pages

Reasons for the Liberal Social Welfare Reforms
Context
For most of the 19th century, most people believed in ‘laissez-fraire’ and accepted that poverty and
hardship were not things the government could or should do anything about. However, the Liberal
Government (led by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith and Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George)
introduced a range of social welfare reforms to help alleviate the poverty and hardship suffered by children,
the elderly, the unemployed and workers.
Surveys of Booth and Rowentree (1): Surveys Demonstrated the True Extent of
Poverty
Seebohm Rowentree’s study of York published in 1900 entitled ‘Poverty, A Study of Town Life’. Rowentree
concluded that “we are faced with the startling probability that from 25 per cent to 30 per cent of the town
populations of the United Kingdom are living in poverty.” In York Rowentree found 229 houses sharing 155
water taps. He also discovered 247 infants per 1000 dying in poor areas before the age of one, compared
to 94 infants per 1000 in families wealthy enough to hire servants.
Charles Booth’s ‘Life and Labour of the People of London’ published from the 1886-1903 ran to 17
volumes. Booth investigated over 1 million families and found that 305 of Londoners lived in poverty.
Studies demonstrated that the true extent of poverty in Britain and opened the eyes of many of the
middle classes to the horrific conditions that large numbers of the population endured. Many now
realised that something had to be done by government to alleviate the impact of such extensive
poverty.
Surveys of Booth and Rowentree (1): Surveys Demonstrated the True Causes of
Poverty
Seebohm Rowentree made careful use of recent scientific work to establish what a family needed to earn to
buy adequate and fuel and to pay the rent. He concluded that 52% of the very poor were paid wages too
low to sustain an adequate life. Around 21% of families lived in misery because the chief wage earner had
died, or was too ill or to old to work. His ‘poverty cycle of a labourer’ demonstrated how vulnerable
unskilled workers were in childhood, fatherhood and old age.
Charles Booth demonstrated that low pay, lack of regular work, supporting large families, illness and old
age were the major causes of poverty. Booth argued that only 15% of the poor were in such a position
because of drink or laziness.
Studies proved that the vast majority of the poor were poor through no fault of their own. Previous
attitudes that existed- that the poor were poor through their own actions such as through laziness or
drunkenness- were changed by studies which showed the importance of illness, old age and low pay
in causing poverty. However, whilst humanitarian concern was a significant motive it was not strong
enough to overcome financial considerations. For example, the old age pension was limited to those
over 70 although the Liberals were perfectly aware that millions under this age were in desperate
need of help.
The historian...

Other Essays On Reasons for the Liberal Social Welfare Reforms - History - Assignment/Essay

Social SOC307 Essay Assignment 1 - LIT - essay

750 words - 3 pages strong essay, the topic is well-developed and include appropriate details and examples to support a statement. I am NOT asking you to express your personal feelings on a topic but to provide examples from the readings assigned or any personal readings related to the material. Writing: includes the syntax, the vocabulary and the grammar. I am not expecting you to write without mistakes but I am asking you to make as much effort as possible for

Notes for History in the class of 1301 - Austin Community College History 1301 - Assignment

1795 words - 8 pages western society. Crusades were really expensive for the military because the small kingdoms in Spain, France, etc. were really small. Cost tens of thousands of troops, ships, weapons, horses, and other things. Wars finally end. Arabs finally end but not without bitterness. Arabs had hatred for the Europeans. These reasons are why Columbus wanted to find a different route. They let him go. Took him months. They find small islands. Set up camp in Cuba

Nat Turner and the reasons behind on why he did what he did - MSJC /History - Essay on a historical figure

625 words - 3 pages Cordova1 Esmeralda Cordova Professor L.Rash History 25 March 2019 Nat Turner, A Slave Insurrection From being a sweet, religious, innocent child, who was noticed for his manners, Nat Turner turned out to be the biggest mass murder of all slave rebellions in history. However, all this happened due to the fact that one day he claimed he heard loud noises up above in the heavens saying that the serpent was loosened and that it was his

Reasons for Civil War Articles - David M. Potter and Micheal F. Holt Comparison - Austin Peay State University/History 2010 36 - Essay

1317 words - 6 pages Clarissa Huesca. History 2010 36 E. November 18, 2017. The Civil War was a very significant part of American history and has immensely shaped the United States as we know it today. The direct cause of the Civil War is probably one of the most controversial topics in American history. Many believe its cause was the conflict between the North and South on whether or not to preserve the institution of slavery. During that time, slavery was the law

This Essay is an essay for history 101 that is about the colonial settlements - History 101 - History essay

1162 words - 5 pages Edgar Cruz Professor Richard Vanden Bosch History 101 7 February 2018 FRQ: Settlements Many countries saw the New World as a place that presented an endless amount of opportunities; opportunities that would help them grow and advance. England, France and Spain saw the opportunity and all the potential resources and undiscovered land that the new world had to offer. In North America between 1580 and 1763 countries sought after the New World for

Document Based Question Essay for World History over the Crusades - AP World History - Essay

1234 words - 5 pages dbq The Age of Exploration was a period of discovery and establishment for various European nations who had new technology for voyaging. Christopher Columbus’ voyage across the Atlantic Ocean inspired other nations to make voyages to the West. The Age of Exploration affected the natives of the new colonies because they were enslaved and sold, forced to relocate, and converted to Christianity. Columbus’ chain reaction of voyages led to a new

the art assignment is a formal analysis for an assignment to a specific art chosen for art history - art history - formal art

949 words - 4 pages focus on the way the artist arranged the composition. And for this assignment, I want you to spend the most attention with this section. In this section, go over the following components: o Is the work two-dimensional or three-dimensional? The Elements of Art The Principles of Design 1. Describe the work you chose and how the artist has used all 7 of the Elements of Art listed below. These are the formal elements that you have been studying in the

The Social Consequences of the Black Death - John abbott, History - Essay

1211 words - 5 pages Reem Mohamed-Ibrahim The Black Death: An Epidemic of Change Essay John Abbott College History Western Civilisation Fiona Tomaszewski Sect: 0004 2018 – 04 – 16 The Black Death was brought to Europe, first in southern Italy, by merchants traveling through commercial routes from Asia. The plague is known to be the most destructive reoccurring pandemics in history. Reducing 50% of European population between 1347 and 1351, an estimated 19 to 38

Explaining the actions of African merchants who kidnapped children - Atlantic History - Assignment/ Essay

1349 words - 6 pages ” [footnoteRef:6] and “were fairly often traded by the ‘piece, for a certain amount of goods”.[footnoteRef:7] In Cugoano’s case, the merchants were motivated to sell [3: David Northrup, "The Portuguese-African Encounter," in Games and Rothman, eds., Major Problems in Atlantic History, p. 43.] [4: David Northrup, "The Portuguese-African Encounter," in Games and Rothman, eds., Major Problems in Atlantic History, p. 43.] [5: David Northrup, "The

History Mid Term - Leading causes for the Rev War - History 150 - Winona - Essay

726 words - 3 pages Greeley 2 Economic Concerns, Issues, and Fears the Leading Cause for the Revolutionary War Question # 4 History 150: U.S. History to 1865 Professor John Campbell 17 October 2018 The path to the American Revolution was paved, in many aspects, by economic reasons more than political and intellectual ones. Even though political reasons did exist as a cause for the Revolution, the Revolution should be considered more of an economic movement. Reason

Interactions and social hierarchy in the new and old kingdoms - AP World History - Essay

484 words - 2 pages Egypt learned from their mistakes in a way. They were less open to outsiders after the Hyksos invasion, and became quite xenophobic. In the US currently, we are also acting xenophobic, for slightly similar reasons to Egypt: we fear that outsiders will somehow do us wrong. However, we are much less justified in our Xenophobia and many of us are against it. This is how interactions evolved from old to new kingdom Egypt. Another way that Egypt

Similar Papers

The Reasons For Hitlers Rise To Power History Essay

1603 words - 7 pages The reasons for Hitler’s rise to power essay 1. The treaty of Versailles 2. Weaknesses in the Weimar republic= hyperinflation, occupation of the Ruhr, the great depression, economic downturn, fear of communism, wall st crash, extremism on the rise 3. Nazi party organisation, Hitler appealed to all classes, being able to deal will the communists, SA, Harzburg front 4. Tactical skills 5. Hitler Role of Hindenburg- used article 48, authoritarian

Assess The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Alexander Ii’s Reforms Ib History Essay

1410 words - 6 pages attempted to commit to both autocracy and his liberal reforms he isolated himself from both. Alexander’s social reform, known as the emancipation of the serfs in 1861 was considered one of his most radical efforts. Prior to the emancipation, the serfs made up 90% of the Russia population, despite their majority within the country they mostly illiterate, uneducated and treated as less that human. Discontent ran high among the serfs due to the

Reasons For The Pilgrimage Of Grace School Essay

2418 words - 10 pages Urjaa Using your understanding of the historical context, assess how convincing the arguments in these three extracts in relation on the reasons for the outbreak of the Pilgrimage of Grace Extract A is convincing to a certain extent in relation to arguing the reasons for the outbreak of the Pilgrimage of Grace. Its main argument is that the rebellion “at heart, the work of a political faction which utilised social, economic and religious

The Government, Not Individuals, Should Be Responsible For Healthcare And Welfare Provision. Discuss Modern Studies Essay

1545 words - 7 pages been criticised for a variety of reasons. Most damaging was the huge deficit that policies left behind and also the increase of health inequalities when the Third way approach was utilised. It is clear that the third way was not completely successful in finding a healthy middle suitable to deal with Healthcare and welfare provisions. As Welfare dependency is still an ongoing problem the Third way can still be criticised for further contributing to