Renaissance Essay

3122 words - 13 pages

Renaissance.(meaning: rebirth)1st Phase*The renaissance period (14th -16th century) witnessed remarkable changes in many aspects of Italian society.*The renaissance refers to politics, government, art, and social organisation.*This renaissance occurred in 2 stages; 1st stage being from 1050 to 1300 where there was a vast economic development. The 2nd phase being from 1300 to 1500 where there was a vast artistic development.*By the mid 12th century, due to huge merchant marines, Venice had grown enormously rich due to overseas trade. Geneva and Venice made important strives in ship building.*Florence possessed enormous wealth and merchants and bankers began to dominate Europe banking on both ...view middle of the document...

*The leading humanists of early renaissance where rhetoricians who where in search of effective and eloquent communication both written and oral.Secular spirit*Secularism involves a basic concern with the material world instead of eternal and spiritual interests; therefore their attention is concentrated on the here and now.*The rich social climbing patricians saw life as an opportunity to be enjoyed instead of a painful pilgrimage.Art and the artists*The 1400s and 1500s witnessed dazzling creativity in painting, architecture and sculpture (Florence lead the way).*The main characteristics of the high renaissance art like classical balance, harmony and restraint where mostly relieved in the master pieces of Leonardo DaVinci, Raffaello, Michelangelo who worked in Rome at this time.Art and power*In the early renaissance, Italy's art manifested corporate power. Powerful urban group guilds and religious confraternity commissioned works of art.*Merchants, bankers, popes and princes supported the arts as a means of glorifying themselves and their families.*Paintings cost money and therefore where a means of displaying wealth.The status and the artist*Artists in the renaissance where considered a free intellectual who usually worked on commission of a powerful prince.*Renaissance society respected and rewarded the distinguished artist where the social status of an artist of genius was immortally secured who used to boast about their creative power.*The renaissance witnessed the birth of the concept of the artist's genius.An existing age of discoveries and inventions*In geographical discoveries - America sailing around Africa, and penetration to India.*Technology - The invention of the compass, the printing press and the invention of the optical telescope.*A changing economy - from a subsistence economy to a monetary and banking economy (the growth of a new wealthy, urban, merchants, class, and the rise of the prosperous state) this lead to a tremendous flowering of the arts as wealthy city merchants.The 3 patrons of renaissance art*The church, governing bodies (guilds), and the private commission (Meddici family).*The church was wealthy enough to act as the major patron of artists throughout the renaissance.Giotto (1269 - 1339): The cornerstone of renaissance art*According to Giorgio Vasari, Giotto is the foundation of renaissance art as he broke free form the Middle Ages, tradition of painting and gave a new direction to the renaissance style.*Giotto reintroduced naturalism in art (imitation of nature in art, presenting people, objects and scenes as they really are with feeling, expression i.e. a life like quality humanized not stylized).*Like ancient Greek artists, Giotto's teacher was nature; this renaissance tradition was created by Giotto and remained an abiding source of inspiration.*His followers, much like the Greeks, became famous and renowned for their works.The 1st phase corresponded roughly to the 14th century and included the consolidation...

Other Essays On Renaissance

Analysis Of Human Cultural Identity As Seen In Five Cultural Periods. Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; And Industrialization-Mo

1141 words - 5 pages This paper is intended to contain the analysis of the human cultural identity, as seen inthe following five historical cultural periods: Enlightenment Culture; Greco-RomanCulture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; andIndustrialization-Modernism Culture. It also embodies examples of each era that areclearly stated, and how they relate to the cultural period.The cultural identity of the Enlightenment can be described as

Leonardo Da Vinci Essay

509 words - 3 pages After the Black Death, a plague that killed about 50% of Europe, and ended in Italy, in about 1350, the Renaissance started to begin. The Renaissance is called rebirth because it flourished in the arts. Also, it was the shift from religious to secular. It was also the isolation to Great Sharing of Ideas. Another idea it lead to was that their curiosity overcame their fear and people started to venture out and explore new places. We now move on

what is art

373 words - 2 pages , Donatello, an Italian Renaissance artist created a sculpture called 'The Androgynous David,' meaning his sculpture represented characteristics of both male and female genders. David is a biblical figure, and Donatello portrayed him during adolescence- a time for many in which is often confusing. Many people during the Renaissance thought that Donatello portrayed David in a poor, scandalous way; thus, his sculpture was only displayed in very private

Martin Luther And Benjamin Franklin

1765 words - 8 pages Martin Luther grew up during the Italian Renaissance, a time when Italy began moving from Medieval to Modern times, a time of tension in the political and economic arenas. The Italian Renaissance marked the rebirth of republicanism and capitalism. Luther also grew up during the Northern Renaissance, at which time the introduction of Nationalism took place. Nationalism based itself on controlling the businessmen, aristocrats, and the church. At

Miguel De Cervantes Saavedra

1042 words - 5 pages MIGUEL de CERVANTESMiguel de Cervantes Saavedra, born September 29, 1547, was a Spanish novelist, dramatist, and poet. Cervantes was the author of the novel Don Quixote, a masterpiece of world literature that was a great influence to other renaissance writers. Cervantes was born to a poor family in a town called Alcala de Henares. His father was a surgeon who made little money to support the family . Without the means for much formal education

War Of Roses

291 words - 2 pages War of roses During the Renaissance there was many disputes on beliefs. There were also many arguments on the ownership of land. One of the major war that have been remembered was the "War Of Roses" There were many battles during that war. There was a total of nineteen battles during the War Of Roses. The first war was called 1st St. Albans, this battle occurred on May 22, in 1455. There was about 2,500 men on the Lancaster's

Andreas Vesalius - Father Of Modern Anatomy

1413 words - 6 pages Andreas Vesalius was born during the Renaissance – an era renowned for its emphasis of humanism and resurrection of classical texts. During this time period, classical texts were used in all areas of the academic world, including science. When Vesalius entered the academic world, he attended some of the top medical universities in Europe. During his time in university, Vesalius chose to “devote much effort into the investigation of the

The Frick Museum

294 words - 2 pages The Frick MuseumToday I visited the Frick Museum, which is my history assignment. Before I visited to the Frick museum, I had no idea about who Frick was and what would I see in the museum. Later on, I found that the Frick was a rich man, steel industrialist and the world famous art collector. He collected the most famous works of Western painting, sculpture, and decorative art, from the early Renaissance through the late nineteenth century. A

Langston Hughes' poem "Dream Deferred"

353 words - 2 pages Langston Hughes was part of the Harlem Renaissance and was known as "the poet laureate of Harlem." His poems tell of the joys and miseries of the ordinary black man in America. In Hughes' poem "Dream Deferred" he uses figures of speech, tone, and a unifying theme to show how black people's dreams were delayed.Hughes uses similes and metaphors--figures of speech--to portray that often times their dreams never came true. He asks if they "dry up

American Gothic Revival

318 words - 2 pages The term gothic was first used by Renaissance critics to describe architecture that didn't conform to the styles of the Greeks and Romans. In the 12th century, an abbot of the St. Denis monastery, Suger, used Gothic style in his monastery, where Gothic art first started. Gothic architecture was ubiquitous throughout France and Western Europe throughout the Middle Ages.During the 19th century, American architects began to lose interest in Greco

The arts (painting, music, literature etc.) reveal the otherwise hidden ideas and impulses of a society

439 words - 2 pages of Fra Angelico and others monks and nuns of medieval period, who sought primarily through their representations of Madonna and Child to reassure and be reassured about the messages of Christian redemption and salvation. Moreover, the paintings during the Renaissance period mainly focus on other Christian images and themes, especially those involving crucifixion and apocalyptic notions of judgment and damnation. Thus, in dealing with sensitive

Similar Papers

Renaissance Essay

833 words - 4 pages This is my husband's final term paper for his huma1 class. He gave me permission to send it to you guys. He also received an "A" on his.THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALYThe Renaissance is marked as a fundamental change in Europeanvision in the 15th and 16th centuries, which moved into the 20th century. Renaissance Artand Architecture: painting, sculpture, architecture, and allied arts produced in Europe inthe historical period called the Renaissance

Renaissance Essay

557 words - 3 pages Late in the Middle Ages, new ways of looking at life took hold in Europe and soon affected human affairs of all kinds as a new spirit of optimism, confidence, and creativity developed. This remarkable period began in the fourteenth in the city-states of Italy and lasted into the sixteenth century. It is known as the Renaissance, from the French word for "rebirth."Renaissance scholars were interested in Greek and Roman learning. This developed

Harlem Renaissance Essay

1751 words - 8 pages The Harlem Renaissance is considered one of the most important cultural movements in history, since it gave African Americans a new identity. The Harlem Renaissance gave many non African Americans their first exposure to the music, poetry, and art of African Americans. Langston Hughes was a famous poet in the 1920's that overcame racial prejudice, and had a strong sense of racial pride. The Harlem Renaissance proved that African Americans were

Sports In The Renaissance Essay

808 words - 4 pages The Renaissance was a rebirth of Greek and Roman times. The Renaissance period was mixture of Greek and Roman ideas. The renaissance started in Italy, since it was the center of the Roman Empire. The Renaissance was a time of creativity and change in many different areas. As the Renaissance ideas grew and became popular, it soon spread over most of Europe. The Renaissance started in 1350, and ended in 1650. The topic I chose was sports. Sports