This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ring V. Arizona Case Brief Essay

1533 words - 7 pages

Ring v. Arizona122 S Ct 2428 (2002)Facts of the case:On November 28, 1994, The body of an armored van driver was found dead inside the vehicle. Also, there was more than $800,000 missing from the van leading police to believe that this was a robbery and homicide case. There were no witnesses to the crime except a local bystander who stated that two vehicles, a van and a red truck were speeding down the road earlier that day and had neglected to stop at the intersection where there is a stop sign posted.Based on a tip, police were able to locate the red pickup truck and it's owner, Timothy Ring. Police then listened to Timothy Ring's phone conversations and quickly learned that he was ...view middle of the document...

" The judge then sentenced Ring to the death penalty.Upon automatic appeal, the Arizona Supreme Court affirmed the sentence. The case was then appealed to the US Supreme Court.Issue before the US Supreme Court:As to the right to a jury trial under the sixth amendment, as made applicable to the states through the fourteenth amendment, may a judge alone determine aggravating factors necessary to impose a death sentence?Holding:NoReasoning:Capital defendants, no less than noncapital defendants, are entitled to a jury determination of any fact on which the legislature conditions an increase in their maximum punishment.The US Supreme Court's Decision:The Supreme Court decided that juries rather than judges must make the determinations that subject a convicted murder to the death penalty. This was decided on a 7 to 2 decision.Justice Ginsburg explained the decision for the Ring case. She stated that it is unusual for the court not to follow its past decisions."But the doctrine is not unyielding: we have overturned prior decisions when there is strong reason for setting the law straight. This is such a case," she said.The Apprendi decision dictated its application to the death sentence context, stating:"The right to trial by jury guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment would be senselessly diminished if it encompassed the fact-finding necessary to increase a defendant's sentence by two years, but not the fact-finding necessary to put him to death".Justice Ginsburg concluded that the Sixth Amendment applies to both.Significance:This case set forth the precedent that juries, not the judge, will have the ability to exercise their discretion when deciding aggravating factors which could lead to the enforcement of the death penalty.This decision is also significant because it invalidated death penalty laws of five states and cast doubt on the laws of four others.It also overturned the 1990 U. S. Supreme Court decision in Walton v Arizona.In 1990, the Supreme Court case Walton v. Arizona upheld Arizona's death sentence law over the appeal that it was unconstitutional, and thus, violated the Sixth Amendment right to a trial by jury. Then, in 2000, the Supreme Court case Apprendi v. New Jersey ruled that a judge had inappropriately lengthened a man's sentence after the jury was dismissed. The Court overturned the sentence, saying the trial judge using his information to increase the sentence should have been decided by a jury and proven beyond a reasonable doubt.Dissenting Opinions:Both the chief justice Rehnquist and justice O'Connor had the only dissenting opinions. They stated that Apprendi, not Walton, should have been overruled. Justice O'Connor said:"Defendant's death sentence required the judge's factual findings. If Arizona prevailed on its opening argument, Apprendi would be reduced to a meaningless and formalistic rule of statutory drafting. This need to evaluate death penalty claims will greatly burden the courts in five states."At the time of this case,...

Other Essays On Ring V. Arizona Case Brief

criminal law applied to courts police and corrections - tsc - research paper

2460 words - 10 pages holding over 156,000 inmates. (Newman W.J) Since the prison was so overcrowded and the prison also had many prisoners with mental health issues the prisons medical care was sufficient for all of its prisoners resulting in “unconscionable degree of suffering and death.” (Brown v. Plate Case brief) The court ordered the prison to reduce the population by 46,000 prisoners. The prisoners in the prison were receiving in adequate healthcare because of the

body search cases describing a love aeaeae - class - reading

1550 words - 7 pages about to commit a crime and has a reasonable belief that the person "may be armed and presently dangerous.” · United States v. Robinson (Search incident to arrest) (1973) The U.S. Supreme Court held that "in the case of a lawful custodial arrest a full search of the person is not only an exception to the warrant requirement of the Fourth Amendment, but is also a reasonable search under that Amendment." · United States v. Dionisio (Voice samples

Observation on debate on the implications of gun control in the US in the 21st century - Sociology 103 - Essay

1503 words - 7 pages acceptance of registration, as well as the requirements of gun dealers to be held more accountable for distribution. Until then, the words of former NRA President Charlton Heston ring loudly in the memories of millions of Americans. “You can have my gun-when you pry it from my cold, dead hands.” (10) 3 (1) James V. Grimaldi & Sari Horwitz, After Gun Industry Pressure, Veil Was Draped over Tracing Data, WASH. POST, Oct. 24, 2010, at A11. (2) Walter

This Paper Discussed TCP/IP In Depth Including All History And Futures Of The Internet Protocol

4842 words - 20 pages restricted for only military use but there were gateways created so the two networks could communicate. Eventually ARPANET evolved into what is now known as the Internet, in today's standards. ARPANET finally ran out of use in 1990 and was finally "turned off" (Thomas, 1996).III. A Brief Synopsis of The TCP/IP Protocol Suite:TCP (Transfer Control Protocol) takes all of the information that you wish to transmit and it breaks it into different pieces

Operation Paperclip:The Nazis Didn’t Lose… They Moved To America - Holy Names CHS - Essay

890 words - 4 pages reason is that, the US government admitted to giving former Nazis sanctuary, and would allow them to use their rocket knowledge on NASA’s Saturn V rocket, during the space race. Bavetta 5 Bibliography Sources “For” For Basic Information - Alltime Conspiracies. “Did America Protect Nazis After WW2?” - YouTube, 29 Oct. 2013, youtu.be/19vGQDbEiD4?list=PLBTUPfMwsvLUq2-3Cw9a_PS69nTV0UXkN Brief Info - Thoughty2. “22 Surprising Facts About: Nazi Germany

12 Page Paper On Evidence And Liability Relating. Written For CRJU 4400 Class

3251 words - 14 pages probative matter, legally presented at the trail of an issue, by the act of the parties and through the medium of witnesses, records, documents, exhibits, concrete objects, etc., for the purpose of inducing belief in the minds of the court or jury as to their contention. (Kaci 2000, 2)".There are rules established by the courts as to how the evidence must be obtained to be admissible into the courts. The USSC case for this would be Mapp v Ohio in

Research Essay on Prilosec OTC and Omerprazle - Chemistry - Research Paper

1032 words - 5 pages case series of drug induced liver injury, omeprazole and esomeprazole have accounted for few instances of symptomatic acute liver injury and rare instances of acute liver failure. The formula: ​C​17​H​19​N​3​O​3​S, with a molecular weight of​ 345 amu. The solubility is 0.25 mg/mL in water at 25°C. Dosage of omeprazole differentiates based on the complication of the patient. For example, treatment of an Active Benign Gastric Ulcer is 40 gm once

Class and Community Book Review - HIST 105 - Book Review

610 words - 3 pages a “Case Presentation” using the provided “Powerpoint_Slides_Template” file located in the “Powerpoint Project Folder.” Download and Save a copy of this file for you to work with. Each slide will display for 40 sec. and automatically move to the next slide. You may modify the slides any way you feel necessary for your project. Your presentation will include, at least, the following information: a. Slide 1 - Give a brief description of the

Political Science review questions - University of Michigan Political Science 101 - Homework

2448 words - 10 pages ______ under President Adams. Secretary of state The Supreme Court upheld the repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1801 in the case of Stuart v. Laird when it ruled Congress had the right to reorganize the judiciary. False During the first of the three eras of the Supreme Court, the unresolved questions concerning ______ governments were at the heart of the judiciary's most significant cases. National and state Chief Justice Taney’s reasoning in the

The 8th Amendment and court cases that support the amendment - Intro to Court - Research Paper

5756 words - 24 pages to Kalief Browder, the court case of Eddings v. Oklahoma, Roper v. Simmons, Furman v. Georgia, Robinson v. California, U.S. v. Salerno, and Stack v. Boyle, and a brief history of the Eighth Amendment and its critics. The Eighth Amendment The Eighth Amendment states as follows: “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted” (Baltzell, n.d.). Alongside the other nine Amendments of the

Intro to Political Science Final - Xavier University of Louisiana - Final Paper

2406 words - 10 pages , and federal legislations were intended to be in charge of firearm regulation. In the case of United States v. Miller (1939), the Supreme Court took a collective rights approach to the case, and ruled that Congress did have the power to regulate a shotgun that had been moved in interstate commerce, due to the National Firearms Act of 1934 referring to the shotgun lacking “some reasonable relationship to the preservation or efficiency of a well

Similar Papers

Government Of The United States Government Essay

2084 words - 9 pages handle litigation ○ Have the same power of judicial review ● Federal Courts ○ Limited jurisdiction ■ Federal questions ● Of the constitutional law ● Of courts decisions ■ Involving citizens of different states ● When they sue each other ○ defendants can invoke “removal jurisdiction” to transfer a case filed from state court to federal court if the case could have originated there ○ Miranda v. Arizona ■ After losing appeal in Supreme Court of

Haughton V Smith Research Info Help Cheat Sheet Law Research Paper

5552 words - 23 pages the same level as legal impossibility. Although this case was subsequently disapproved, it was rightly decided. TJ The logic of the judgment was never analysed in the subsequent cases overruling it. Those cases were Reg. v. Brown, 24 Q.B.D. 357 and Reg. V. Ring, 17 Cox C.C. 491. But they give no reasons for departing from the decision in Reg. v. Collins, which itself is in accord with the observa- 488 Reg. v. Smith (Roger) (H.L.(E.)) [1975] dons

Women In Softball Gender Conciousness Suny Farmingdale Soc 200 Research Paper

3122 words - 13 pages , or the NPF. Softball gives women more opportunities and more motivation to succeed, because their goals have rewards, whereas women’s baseball just does not have as many future opportunities. According to the article “American Women Play Hardball in Venezuela” by Jennifer Ring, the highest achievement in women’s baseball is currently Team USA, which is a “brief interlude lasting a little more than two weeks every two years” (2012, para. 4

How To Be A Wise Buyer. The Tricks To Wise Buying. How To Avoid Scams, And What To Do If One Occurs

362 words - 2 pages who want to become a wise buyer.Even if you are a wise buyer who follows all the steps in the previous paragraph closely, it is still possible that you may still come across, various problems over the counter. In Case study "Davey V GT Programming" the consumer (the buyer), thought she had nowhere to turn. She was angry, and was stuck with a broken computer, what could she have done. The following steps are to help people in a similar situation as