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Robert Louis Stevenson And The Book" Dr Jekyll And Mr. Hyde"

1902 words - 8 pages

The subject of Victorian time conversion that emerges from my exploration moves in the opposite direction--toward the splitting, or disaggregation, of the self that make Jekyll and Hyde an instructive narrative in the consideration of Victorian time subjectivity. Stevenson's interest in the multiplicity of the self predates the publication of Jekyll and Hyde by at least five years. It is actually a portrayal of Stevenson s own life. Stevenson suffered from a series of nightmares in which he lived a double life. In the day he worked as a respectable doctor, but in the night he was forced to fall victim to a monster who roamed the alleys of his own town. Stevenson decided to write about his ...view middle of the document...

When Jekyll learns of this, he is completely devastated. This is where Good vs. Evil emerges as the central theme of the story. Jekyll, by this time, is perpetually trying to fight off unwanted transformations into Hyde. These unwanted transformations occur more frequent until Jekyll is one with Hyde, not able to return to his natural state. After attempting numerous times to reverse the transformation, Jekyll sees no possible way to return. "Here, then I bring the life of the unhappy Henry Jekyll to an end" (Stevenson, 62).Henry Jekyll s character is one full of uncanny genius, stubborn curiosity, and towards the end of the story unfortunately, despairs. Hyde s character is the complete opposite, one of malignancy and immorality. Stevenson's portrait of a subject whose aggregate pre-addictive personality disorders reveal a substantial number of risk factors associated with high receptivity to addictive behavior--compounded by that subject's later exhibition of a similarly extraordinary number of symptoms associated with habitual self-abuse--provides us with more than enough clinical evidence (brevity of the novel notwithstanding) to justify a diagnosis of chemical addiction in Henry Jekyll.The unresolved question of whether the disclosure of the character anti quantity of such astonishing detail in the novel means that Stevenson, as one obviously intimately familiar with the symptomology and psychopathology of addiction, could have been himself an addict of some kind, may provoke additional research into Stevenson's life by some interested literary scholars who are inclined to see direct relationships between author and text, but such inquiry will ever only be speculative in its conclusions, whatever its results. In any case, irrespective of one's critical inclinations, it would, of course, be less than prudent to argue that Stevenson himself was necessarily an addict just because he composed a gothic novel that happens to be a frighteningly accurate study in addictive psychopathology.Jekyll's genuine righteousness is exemplified by his own struggle with Mr. Hyde and eventually with his self-destruction. He realizes that Hyde will not cease his continuous onslaught of crimes, and pays the ultimate price for the well being of his friends and community. While one may say that suicide is an act of selfishness, Jekyll s suicide must be looked upon as an honorable discharge from his life of woe. These two stories discuss the continuous battle between right and wrong which we encounter every day. he Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, it is clear that the Gothic literature can therefore be regarded as something revolutionary in the literary world. Another point of importance of this entire novel is the art that has been depicted in the literature.All these literatures relate to time seventeenth century onwards. However the literature is reminiscent of the twelfth and the thirteen century marked by elaborate columns and towers built closely...

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