Student number: 62914715
1(a) The author introduced the text by giving us his historical background as journalist and the incidents he has been writing about in the last fifteen years which particularly focus on accidents that happen in outdoor recreation and how people go through the same patterns of thought and behavior to survive accidents and obstacles they are facing.
1(b) In whatever circumstance or tragedy one might be facing they should always remain calm and not be ruled by fear. Analyze and plan the next move and organize daily routines that you are going to take. Celebrate every victory no matter how small it is, as this attitude keeps the motivation high and prevents lethal plunge into hopelessness. Enjoy the survival journey even in the worst situation you might be facing find something to smile or laugh about and last but not least never give up always tell yourself that you are going to make it.
2(a) Aaron Ralston was a hiker who got trapped in Utah in a slot canyon ‘He spent five days progressing through stages necessary to save him. He had to cut off his hand in order to free himself from the stone that had trapped him.
2(b) Lance Armstrong was an American professional road racing cyclist. The challenge that he was facing was that he was diagnosed with cancer. He organized his fight against cancer by reading everything about cancer and put himself on a training schedule. He also assembled a team which consisted of his family, friends and doctors to help him in his efforts to beat the disease.
2(c) Lauren Elder was the only survivor of a light plane crash in the High Sierra. She was stranded on a 12000 foot peak with a broken arm. A v...