Sanctions As Instruments Of Us Foreign Policy University Of Buckingham Essay

1989 words - 8 pages

Sanctions as Instruments of US Foreign Policy 1
Sanctions as Instruments of US Foreign Policy
ISAAC OLUSEGUN OLUBO
1404590
US FOREIGN POLICY IN THE POST COLD WAR
DATE: 14/05/2017
Introduction
The US is among the countries that widely use sanctions in efforts to compel a certain government(s) to change their policy appropriately. Usually, the embargos involve the restrictions on trade, investment and other commercial activities. The US mainly applies sanctions to countries which violate human rights, sponsor terror acts, trade unfairly or develop weapons of mass destruction. Depending on the level of the violation, the severity can be mild or extreme. Embargos have become the vehicles of non-military coercion, and the US does not hesitate to use them whenever necessary in order to reinforce the US foreign policy and promote the change of the victim countries for the better. However, the application of sanctions has attracted significant criticism following arguments that they affect the innocent civilians. As such, this paper will discuss how successful sanctions have been as the instruments of the US foreign policy. The discussion will borrow from the case of Cuba.
Failed Sanction Goals
It cannot be said that sanctions have been successful because they are not living up to the set expectations. The case is not only so in Cuba but also other countries such as Iran and North Korea which faces embargos from the US. As hinted earlier, the main problem with the sanctions is that they only hurt the people who the US government is intending to help. For instance, in the case of a trade sanction, a worker in a factory cannot receive raw materials and farmers are unable to export their crops. The US and Cuba has a long history in relation to sanctions. Since the 1960s, the US established strict restrictions barring Americans from investing in, trading with, and traveling to Cuba (White, 2014, p. 22). The primary objective for this sanction was to save this Caribbean Island from the dictatorial regime.
The Castro’s government was tyrannical. It prohibited free elections, and people who opposed the government were jailed, tortured or/and killed (Taylor 2009, p. 27). The country’s economic system was centrally planned, and it was one of the poorest nations. Despite having a small population when compared to other countries, the citizens did not enjoy free enterprise and private property. Hence, the US was determined to sap the regime of Castro and improve the livelihoods of the citizens in this Island. American then set strict measures against the nation hoping that the regime will be forced to hasten the process of liberalization and democracy. The argument was that the economic sanction would deprive Cube of resources thus undermining the Castro’s reign. Along the way, the sanctions also include a security rationale given that Castro served in the Soviet Union in 1991 (Clifford 1993, p. 161). However, service in the Soviet Union was short-lived following...

Other Essays On Sanctions as Instruments of US Foreign Policy - university of buckingham - essay

Survey of US History C121 WGU Task 4 - Western Governors University C121 US History - Performance Assessment-Essay

1387 words - 6 pages a fear of anything foreign, his idea of “them” versus “us” influenced his approach to world affairs. According to some, Stalin was clinically insane (Norton, 2015). Truman was not nearly as ruthless as Stalin and did not compromise his own people but he, also, was prone to a “them” versus “us” view. Truman preferred straight answers and ultimatums over ambiguities and counter-evidence. Truman was an exaggerator who claimed leaders folded under

Survey of US History C121 WGU Task 5 - Western Governors University C121 US History - Performance Assessment-Essay

421 words - 2 pages (Brock, 2002). In Chapter 6 of the textbook, Norton highlights the growing tensions between the US and England as the country heads for war with its mother-country when Thomas Jefferson began writing the Declaration of Independence (2015). 3.  The two articles relate to each other through two major themes: taxes and religion. In both instances, the population of this time period were opposed to paying taxes. While religious persons sought more

Survey of US History C121 WGU Task 3 - Western Governors University C121 US History - Performance Assessment-Essay

1350 words - 6 pages Sara Layland Professor Kris Teters Survey of US History 23 August 2018 C121 Task Three A. Major changes in race relations resulting from Reconstruction The Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 abolished slavery. Some black persons went to find new employment, failed, and return to their owners, but tried to negotiate working conditions. General Sherman’s special Field Order, issued in 1865, set aside 40 acres of land and mules in the Sea Islands were

Survey of US History C121 WGU Task 1 - Western Governors University C121 US History - Performance Assessment-Essay

1026 words - 5 pages should pay more because of their benefit from the war. Money from the patriots was banned in the Currency Act, as they were paying British merchants with inflated currency. The Americans felt that paying taxes was unfair, due to having no representation in parliament (Norton, 2015). C.3 Intolerable Acts Because of the Boston Tea Party, where about 60 Bostonians dressed as Indians and dumped crates of tea into Boston Harbor, Parliament had had

Ancestory essay: about the history of my family - lander university, US History - essay

817 words - 4 pages way it made her appreciate the little things because she worked hard for them, almost in a humbling way. Working as much as she did, she didn’t get to experience life like other teenagers. She claimed to never have fun. Why? because after a long day of work, she was always tired and would have to come home to either clean or cook so by the end of the day all she wanted to do was rest for the next day. While other girls were chasing boys she never

A Critical Review of The Prince - junior, Beijing Foreign Studies University - book review

1550 words - 7 pages Counterarguments and Inconsistencies in The Prince ——A Reader-Friendly Review The Prince is a political treatise written by Machiavelli in 1513 when Italy became the center of intense political conflict. Machiavelli composed the pamphlet as a practical guide for ruling and hoped to gain himself an advisory position in the government by dedicating the book to the ruler of Florence. The major theme addressed in the book can be concluded as ends

Ideologies in US rejection of Paris Agreement - Northern Illinois University; POLS 285 - Essay

2065 words - 9 pages why foreign lobbyists wish to keep our magnificent country tied up…” This tells us that with the “tit-for-tat” deal is not found in this agreement because it’s taking more out of American than it is giving. Another reason, according to Neoliberals, is that backing out was for the state’s self-interests. The deal will have the United States lose money that could be spent on other domestic programs. As Trump (2017) states, “…we won’t be closing up

Inflation priority of UK macroeconomic policy? - Parmiters School Economics - Essay

1228 words - 5 pages To what extent do you agree that maintaining inflation at the target rate of 2% should be the top priority of UK macroeconomic policy? Justify your answer The UK government has given the Bank of England an inflation target of CPI 2 % +/-1. The Bank of England is responsible for using monetary policy (e.g. interest rates)  to achieve this goal of low inflation. But, as well as targeting inflation, the Bank of England also has a wider remit of

Why the US Constitution did not contain a Bill of Rights - California State University, Northridge - Essay

1171 words - 5 pages at the outset of this nation were possibly the two most cooperative in history despite being so polarized; The Federalists and Antifederalists. The Antifederalists were originally supportive of the Articles of Confederation, America’s first constitution, which weighed in favor of states’ rights. The Constitution as we know it today was a recent and newly drafted document, which the Antifederalists believed would give too much power to the

a role of government in policy making - texas government - essay

732 words - 3 pages Chapter 5 &11 Campaigns and Elections Political campaigns are exceptionally huge in American governmental issues and decisions. It is the period before the electorate settles on political choices as elections. The consideration of the citizens towards governmental issues increases as the date of the elections moves close. The striking nature of voters improves as the election date moves close and could show as expanded media consideration

Plastic Pollution and the urgency of taking action - Richmond University - Policy paper

2194 words - 9 pages Security Studies Environmental Issues Elisa Kunz Dr. Kyriakopoulou Richmond the American International University in London Content Executive Summary Problem statement Three options for possible resolution Recommendation II. The Problem Plastic pollution issues Impact on the ocean’s wildlife Impact on the Human health III. Three policy solutions Individuals responsibility of reducing plastic consumption Governments and industries

Similar Papers

Assess The Impact Of Ideology Of Nazi Foreign Policy Up To 1939 Scots 12 Essay

1217 words - 5 pages Assess the impact of ideology on Nazi Foreign policy to September 1939 Ideology was the single most important factor in the development of Nazi foreign policy up to 1939, both in underpinning long term goals and determining short term strategies. The ideology centered around beliefs of Social darwinism, Anti-Semitism, nationalism and anti communism, and their impact can be seen through their translation into successful foreign policies such as

The United States Foreign Policy Of Neutrality In The Early Years Of The Country

475 words - 2 pages The first foreign policy of the United States was neutrality. Just overcoming the English and getting liberty, the US faced the difficult undertaking of forming a new country. In an attempt to protect themselves from taking part in the quarrels of the Europeans and focusing on domestic affairs, a path of neutrality was followed. The roots of this first strategy can be seen as early as the administration of George Washington.Soon after

Adolf Hitler's Foreign Policy Goals Orange County Essay

954 words - 4 pages suggested that “Germany positively affect the sustenance of the German people by peaceful economic means, as up to now. Accordingly even in the future she will participate most decisively in world industry, export and trade…. From a folkish standpoint setting this foreign policy aim is calamitous and it is madness from the point of view of power politics” (Spielvogel 851). He did not believe in this goal either. Third, Hitler suggested “Germany

Thomas Edison : The Us Inventor University Of La Essay

745 words - 3 pages . They tried carbonized paper, and tested some species of vegetable fibers. They have experimented bamboo, then Tungsten and the Nitrogen for vacuum, but essentially Edison’s lamp was the same as those used today. The incandescent lamp or the electric light bulb brought new opportunities for Edison and to his country, America. Several new industries, including the electric light and power industry, were built based on his invention. He was awarded 1