Section 127 Of The Australian Constitution

1698 words - 7 pages

IntroductionThe word aborigine comes from the Latin phrase ab origine, meaning from the beginning. When spelled with a small "a," the word aborigines refers to any people whose ancestors were the first people to live in a country.Australian aborigines are the native people of Australia. Most scientists believe that they originated in southeastern Asia, more than 40,000 years ago. In 2001 the population of aborigines and Torres Straits Islanders was 265,000. 2% of the Australian population as a whole and slightly less the estimated aboriginal population of 750,000 at the time of European colonisation in the late 18th century. At that time, there were 500-600 distinct groups of aborigi ...view middle of the document...

As the settlements expanded, Aboriginal numbers declined, and their ways of life in many areas were destroyed, with survivors beginning to live within or on the fringes of the new European communities. (Blainey, pp. 105-106)What the Europeans thought of the AboriginesThe Europeans saw the Aborigines as uncivilised, primitive, and sometimes savage. With little communication between the groups, suspicions and intolerance grew, influencing government policies, which led to the takeover of Aboriginal lands. Initially, official colonial governments viewed Aborigines as British subjects who should be well treated, educated, and converted to Christianity. But such intentions were not carried out, as settlers wanted land without interference from Aborigines.In addition, diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, some of which were not life threatening to Europeans, devastated Aboriginal people, who lacked immunity.Native Title Act 1994In 1992, the High Court of Australia ruled in the historic Mabo case that native land could not be removed from its traditional owners without compensation being paid. To give this ruling legislative power, the Australian parliament passed the Native Title Act in 1994. This act guarantees recognition of prior rights of Aborigines to land. (Bellwood, pp. 70-71)The PresentMany Aborigines are more or less divorced from their traditional setting, while others still have an almost traditional lifestyle. The great majority fit somewhere between these extremes. But for all, the question of Aboriginal identity and heritage is very important.Aboriginal reserves still exist in most Australian states. The largest are in central Australia and Arnhem Land, the last strongholds of traditional Aboriginal life. The reserves have served as a basis for making and granting land-right claims. Occupiers have tried to demonstrate that not only do they own the land but also they use it in a traditional manner. The Aborigines are increasingly managing the reserves for themselves, and in doing so are achieving a measure of independence.In some northern reserves, and to a lesser degree in the central reserves, government aid has been provided to encourage Aborigines to develop such industries as fishing, timber milling, and farming in order to provide greater independence. In some areas, Aborigines have obtained pastoral leases to run and manage their own land. (Class notes)Social issuesIn some states there is a steady drift of Aborigines to the cities in search of better jobs and housing. But they can sometimes find it difficult to find employment, as their skills for a modern job market are limited. More opportunities now exist for younger Aborigines, in spite of economic difficulties in the wider Australian society. But unemployment among Aborigines remains high.Many Aborigines are caught in a vicious circle. Their low social and economic status traps them in poorer areas of cities or on the fringes of country towns. Restric...


the importance of the constitution - lab school 8 - essay

560 words - 3 pages preamble and the first amendment is still being used today, from the speechs, to the marches, to schools, to the elections. The first amendment wouldn’t allow the U.S. population to express themselves in anyway. The first amendment and the preamble are two of the most important parts of the constitution. They affect so many people in the U.S. by allowing the people to express themselves and protecting the people. These things are a necessity to create a democratic society which was the goal of the union and allowed the people to show that they even though their skin color, ethnicity, religion, sex, or economic status.

The Effects Of Globalisation On The Australian Business Culture

2809 words - 12 pages Critically evaluate the notion of a global business culture. How has this impacted on Australian business culture? Introduction The aim of this paper is to begin to understand the cultural ramifications associated with the movement towards a global scale merger of markets and production, and in particular, the impact on Australian businesses. In order to comprehend the topic in the depth required, the terms of Globalisation and Culture will be

Rattification of the Constitution - US History - Research Paper

985 words - 4 pages constitution and purchase of the Louisiana Territory to become controversial. The ratification of the constitution was a controversial issue during the 1700s. The ratification of the constitution caused much discussion between the federalists and antifederalists. The federalists supported the constitution, while the antifederalists opposed it. The constitution was created due to the fact that the Articles of Confederation failed. Under the

Australian National Identity - What does it mean to be an australian. the characteristics of an australian that came out of the 2002 bali bombings

405 words - 2 pages What does it mean to be an Australian?A major event in my lifetime was the Bali bombing where Australia was targeted in an act of terrorism. This event happened on October 12 2002, and at the time it was the first direct act of terrorism against Australians, we were targeted for the reason being that we had helped the United States of America in the pursuit of Osama bin laden in Iraq. This was exposed when an audio cassette was aired from Osama

A diary entry about the writing of the constitution, by George Mason

443 words - 2 pages Free Dear Congressmen,Today on Monday August 6, 1787 we finally settled on the first draft of the Constitution. This was a big step, because Northern colonies couldn't agree with with these new set of laws we are providing as a basis for the United States. After fighting this war for independence it seems more than appropriate than to set a foundation for these states to live by. Congress wanted to have the power to regulate trade and tax traded

Comparison paper between the declaration of independence and the constitution - GOV 200 - comparison paper

721 words - 3 pages Comparison Paper Michael Gordon GOVT 200- C01 The United State Constitution, The Declaration of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists are altogether different in their expectations. The Declaration of Independence was the first of the three documents. It was just a proclamation to the World, mainly Britain, that these colonies were coming together as one and forming a new government completely separated from

This Is An Essay Analyzing The Articles Of Confederation As A First Draft For The Constitution

526 words - 3 pages The Articles of Confederation are considered by some a good first draft for the Constitution. On the other hand, other historians consider them to be full of weaknesses and shortcomings. However, there is evidence to support both points of view on the Articles.There are many points in the Articles that are also used in the Constitution. The legislative branch remained intact and retained the powers to declare war, maintain an army and a navy and

Article II of the US Constitution grants the president numerous powers and responsibilities - Government - Paper

1437 words - 6 pages Free Article II of the US Constitution grants the president numerous powers and responsibilities, but the authority granted to the modern presidency far exceeds the constitutional definition of office. And through the years, a variety of presidential roles have evolved that were not originally or specifically outlined in the Article. Some of these roles were legislated by congress, the courts granted some, and powerful presidents assumed others. The

Why the US Constitution did not contain a Bill of Rights - California State University, Northridge - Essay

1171 words - 5 pages Alexander Levin March 10, 2018 HIST 370 Spring 2018 CSUN Explain why the United States Constitution submitted to the states for ratification did not contain a bill of rights, what the two main motivations were that prompted the Anti-Federalists to demand a bill of rights, the two main reasons the Federalists Congress passed a bill of rights, and finally what was the main consequence of the passage of the Bill of Rights. The two competing parties

Compare the U.S. Constitution, Declaration Of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson Letters - Liberty University/ GOVT200 - Comparison Paper

1116 words - 5 pages Comparison Paper Takareathia Rose GOVT200, L30374945 America has built its foundation off of a few founding documents, which include The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, and was supported by Thomas Jefferson Letters to the Danbury Baptist in 1802. These documents were intended to set a foundation for the lifestyle that will be enforced throughout the population. However, these documents differ in many ways such as goals, content

the effects of domestic and global free trade on australian polocies - lurnea hs/ economics - assignment/ report

1195 words - 5 pages Analyse the effects of domestic and global free trade and protection policies on the Australian economy. Australia has had a long history of protection in the manufacturing sector where tariffs and quotas have been used to shield domestic firms from direct imports competition. Much of this protection was put in place after Federation in 1901 when Australian governments used a policy of protection from imports to develop the manufacturing sector

The Evolving Nature of Young Australias Political Engagement - Swinburne Online – POL10001 Australian Politics - Research essay

2067 words - 9 pages 1 The Evolving Nature of Young Australia’s Political Engagement Australia has long been associated with a laidback, easy-going lifestyle and a certain nonchalance when it comes to politics. Ask the average Australian who their favourite Prime Minister or local member of Parliament is, and you’ll more than likely get a variation of two replies – “dunno” or “don’t care, mate.” Seemingly rooted in the Australian identity and way of life is this

Analyze the contributions of Washing and Jefferson in helping establish a stable government after the adoption of the Constitution

495 words - 2 pages In 1789, the first person was elected to become the first president of the United States of America under the Constitution. The first person was Washington. Following Washington years later was the third president, Jefferson. The first few presidents of the United States contributed to establish a stable government after the adoption of the Constitution. They stabilized the government through international affairs and internal affairs.Washington

How Did The Nineteenth Amendment Come To Be Part Of Our Constitution And Why Was It Significant? A History Of The Female Right's Movement And The Importance Of The 19th Amendment

1560 words - 7 pages the amendment would not pass, but twenty-four-year-old Harry Burn cast his vote for ratification giving them the one last vote necessary in the Tennessee house. Tennessee became the thirty-sixth, and final state for ratification. On August 24, 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment was finally added to the US Constitution. It is commonly referred to as the "Susan B. Anthony Amendment," in honor of her works and efforts. Sadly, she died fifteen years before

Forever Gone is a narrative that explores the concept of an Authentic Australian Voice - School - Narrative

1193 words - 5 pages Forever Gone * * * * 60 years ago I remember how my life used to be back in Angola. At the age 10, when it was early summer, and the heat licked at our sunburned faces, I was orphaned. It was at that moment when my life began to heave and change. I was left alone and defenceless in this big, scary world. My parents were killed by Chikungunya, a virus fatal to all human life, leaving me with nothing but the feeling of fear. Vulnerability. I was