English 3 Academy Honors
13 November 2018
Seeing Double: Why Cloning Breaks Ethical Boundaries
Dolly, born on July 5th, 1996 was the first ever cloned mammal. Dolly’s first years of life as a normal sheep were great. In her later years, the drawbacks from the cloning started to appear. These drawbacks eventually caused her suffer until she died at half the age of an expected sheep. Cloning animals is very unpredictable and can cause major health issues to the animal cloned. Some of these issues may be long term or short term effects, and the animals are suffering all for the sake of testing and experimenting. Cloning results in many problems, and there are many possibilities that something will go wrong, so to ensure the safety of animals cloning must end. Cloning animals is not ethical because cloning animals decreases genetic diversity, cloning animals causes animals to suffer, and an outcome of cloning animals can give rise to medical issues within the animal.
Cloning animals decreases genetic diversity and affects the long term health of livestock and other animals. Cloning livestock has many cons, one of them being that the outcome of cloning livestock for a long period of time can affect the genetic diversity in the livestock in the far future (Goldsmith). Animals that are cloned far to much tend to suffer much more, “cloning animals threatens the long term health of livestocking greed as genetic diversity declines”(Goldsmith). As a result of cloning animals it decreases the diversity within the animals. This also proves the point that a decrease in genetic diversity will cause the long term health of livestock to be affected. Additionally, cloning animals decreases the amount of animals that have different characteristics and genetic makeup, considering the amount of animals cloned each year society can expect species of livestock to all look the same in the future (Goldsmith).
If one animal is cloned multiple times because of the valuable characteristics it has, it will result in a reduction of the distinction in the genetic makeup within the animals. In the future if farmers have the same animal everywhere and no genetic distinctiveness, diseases or issues may rise within the cloned animals. Farmers around the world clone their best livestock to hopefully use them again, “farmers clone the same animal multiple times causing the entire herds genetic diversity to decrease” (Goldsmith). Farmers wanting to clone their best animal causes the genetic diversity to decrease because the same animal is cloned over and over again (Goldsmith). At the moment it looks very good to have the best animal cloned many times but in the future when all livestock have the same genetic makeup it can lead to disease within the livestock. However, when cloning livestock their are bound to be failures, causing each animal to suffer.
Cloning animals cause them to suffer and Dolly is a perfect example of this. Dolly was the first...