Social Psychology In Class Lecture Notes University Of Virginia Lecture Notes

2907 words - 12 pages

SOCIAL PSYCH NOTES
2/20/18
SELF-PERCEPTION
Overjustification Effect: Tendency for people to see their behavior driven by extrinsic reasons, thereby underestimating intrinsic reasons.
· Intrinsic: doing it for the love, what we love
· Extrinsic: there is an external factor pushing your motivations
CLICKER QUESTION: Misattribution of arousal: attributing the arousal from the drug
Mindset (Dweck)
-Fixed: abilities are set/stable
-Growth: abilities are malleable; can see about changing them
SOCIAL COMPARISON
· Leon Festinger (1919-1989)
· Referirng to others to bring information
· LATERAL SOCIAL COMPARISON: we want to accurately evaluate the self
· UPWARD SOCIAL COMPARISON: We are motivated to improve by setting an attainable standard of excellence
· DOWNWARD SOCIAL COMPARISON: We want to feel better about ourselves
PYSZCZYNSKI, GREENBERG, AND LaPRELLE
-Ps given a faux “social sensitivity” test
-IV1: Ps score (high or low)
-IV2: Others’ relative scores (better/worse)
DV: % asking to see other Ps’ scores
HYPOTHESIS: If downward social comparison works, when you feel bad, you will want to compare to people’s scores that are worse than yours.
-If you score high, others do better, not a lot of people look through
-If you score high and other people do worse, not a lot of people care to look through
-If you score poorly and other people did better than you, you don’t want to look
-You perform poorly, others perform worse, LOOK. It helps salvage people’s self-esteem.
SELF-HANDICAPPING: creating an obstacle/excuse for oneself that allows for a non-ability attribution of blame
BERGLAS & JONES
-Pre/post-test with drug administration in between logic problems, choice of drug, logic problems. Drug will either increase performance or decrease performance on test.
-IV: difficulty of logic problems (easy to almost impossible)
-Everyone told that they were great regardless of how they actually did
-Had to choose drug to take-> Actavil (increase), Pandocrin (decrease)
-Easy tests tend to pick Actavil
-Hard tests tend to pick Pandocrin, it’s all about the drug, its nothing about me
SELF-MONITORING
(SYNDER & GANGESTAD)
· Tendency to regulate one’s own behavior to
-Meet the demands of social situations
-Meet the expectations of others
HIGH SELF MONITOR:
-Observant in social situations
-Concerned with appropriate behavior
-Good at changing behavior based on social cues
LOW SELF MONITOR:
-Consistent behavior across situations
- More singular view of self: I am who I am
-Less concerned with adapting thatn presenting genuine self
2/22/18
ATTITUDES AND ATTITUDE CHANGE
· Attitudes: an evaluative judgement of people, things, or concepts
ALFORD, FUNK, HIBBING (2005)
-Genes + Environment (in Political views)
THEORY: political attitude heritable through personality
PERSONALITY FACTOR: Trait Conservatism
MEASURE: Wilson-Patterson Attitude Inventory
-Diathesis-Stress Model:
-Twin Study Methodology: trying to look at genetic influence
-Need Monozygotic (MZ-identical) and Dizygo...

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