Sociology Essay: Gender Discrimination In The Business World The Glass Ceiling

2535 words - 11 pages

Gender discrimination against women is not only common in North America, Europe and Australia but is a repetitive pattern globally (Johnson & Lee, Mandel 2012). This paper composes of extensive research on the subject of gender inequalities and how the glass ceiling phenomenon effects women as they are generally paid less, ask for less promotions and are perceived to be psychologically weaker (Acker 2009, Allison & Yap 2009, Johnson & Lee 2012, Mandel 2012, McDonald & Kmec 2010). The essay looks into some recent sociological issues on the role of women and the hardships they have to overcome due to gender bias which in turn restricts them from achieving the same status-quo as ...view middle of the document...

Central Research QuestionsMany of the articles revolved around the same type of questions and hypothesises. For example, three out of five of the research articles questioned whether or not the "Glass ceiling" really exists for women, which prevents them from getting highly paid roles amid their work force. This question allowed further research in correspondence to wages and whether or not men and women are being paid equally, disregarding any forms of promotion (Johnson & Lee 2012, Yap & Alison 2009, Acker 2009). Another common question was whether there were gender gaps in promotion rates and employer-change rates (Johnson & Lee 2012, Mandel 2012) which ultimately allowed researchers to look into a wider depth of information and examine the promotion frequencies within the companies. Not only did the researchers identify the promotion gap differences but were also keen on analyzing whether or not men and women were being rewarded equally in the case that one was promoted. Moreover, some articles primarily focused on why women were discriminated against their male counterparts and the effects of the discrimination which will be discussed later in the paper.Research MethodsThis paper consists of three research articles that tied back to various types of theoretical approaches which resulted in many of the same outcomes. Theoretical perspectives are ideal for research mechanisms as the assumptions direct researchers to focus more on the frameworks and observations (Crossman 2007). By digging further into the theoretical perspectives, it can be seen that this paper consists of mainly the conflict perspective and feminist theory as men perceive themselves to be "elite" compared to women. For example, J. Acker looks at particular local organizations with ongoing practical activities. The researcher digs further into organizations that are not only located in the United states but other countries as well which include, Great Britain, Norway, and Sweden. These countries reflect similar inequality issues within their organizations, including glass ceiling patterns, similar to those in the US (Acker 2009) . Likewise, two other articles composed their studies in similar countries which ultimately resulted in many of the same outcomes. For example, the articles studied various types of surveys including the U.S National Longitudinal Survey in order to compare and analyze data as well as answer some research questions about information on job matching processes since this was a direct measure of non researching and work group sex-composition (Kmec & McDonald 2010). In contrast, the remaining three research articles took methodological approaches and sampled various companies themselves as well as observed and examined how these firms treat men and women interchangeably (Johnson & Lee 2012). Some articles conducted their research solely based on individuals within one company (Yap & Alison 2009) whereas others examined a nationally...

Other Essays On Sociology Essay: Gender Discrimination In The Business World - The Glass Ceiling

Home schooling in America and the benefits. - Sociology - Essay

998 words - 4 pages Home-Schooling Praise OlaOlorun University of the Cumberlands Home schooling Recently, the issue of homeschooling began to rise and ever since, it’s starting to be a controversial topic that grabs people’s attention. Home schooling majorly started in the 1980s and 1990s as a way for religious people especially catholic parents to infuse religion into their kids without any outside distractions. It’s the process of teaching one’s children in the

Sex discrimination in the workplace - Criminal Justice - Essay

1689 words - 7 pages sexual harassment everyday when they go to work. Being the only women in an all men’s prison can be dangerous at times. Most of women have to file complaints about male prisoners saying inappropriate things, and masturbating when around female officer. [5: (Manning, A. 1996).] [6: (Business-insider/wage-gap).] The tables turn when you talk about sex discrimination in the criminal justice system and why men seem to receive harsher sentences then

Discrimination in the Work Place - Kent State - Essay

1144 words - 5 pages in today’s day and age desire to have a career in this world, there are still positions like sales and business that are male-dominated industries. ARE THERE OTHER INDUSTRIES LIKE THIS? 33. Women CAPT. generally obtain more college and graduate degrees than men, yet on average, women continue to make considerably less income. 34. Kim Parker, director of social trends research at Pew Research Center claims, “One of the biggest gender gaps is in

Oedipalisation and the patriarchy - Sociology - Essay

1526 words - 7 pages based on their gender, with many women being paid less than their male counterpart even though they are carrying out the same work. For centuries men have held the power in many societies based on their gender. Patriarchy has become an institutionalised part of the world and has become a part of how different social relations work together[footnoteRef:4] [4: Witz. Professions and patriarchy. Page 1] Many of Freud’s theories can be seen as a

Gender discrimination at workplace - English - Essay

2805 words - 12 pages different. Different cultures around the world allowed their men and womenfolk to carry out some roles while they restricted them from involving them in some others. While some communities were patriarchal, others were matriarchal and had defined gender roles. Did the gender matter so much in any society that they had to define what women could do, acquire or involve themselves in? An in-depth examination of the gender roles in Greek and Roman

Witchcraft in the premodern world - humanities - essay

1403 words - 6 pages Oleatta​ ​O’Dell Humanities-152 09/24/2017 Professor​ ​Horten Where​ ​The​ ​Blame​ ​Falls The​ ​premodern​ ​world​ ​was​ ​one​ ​in​ ​which​ ​an​ ​early​ ​death​ ​was​ ​a​ ​common​ ​occurrence​ ​and natural​ ​disaster​ ​could​ ​tear​ ​entire​ ​societies​ ​apart,​ ​leaving​ ​nothing​ ​in​ ​its​ ​wrath.​ ​In​ ​a​ ​world​ ​ridden with​ ​sickness​ ​and​ ​disease,​ ​who​ ​is​ ​left​ ​to​ ​blame?​ ​For​ ​those​ ​living​ ​in​ ​the​ ​medieval​ ​age​ ​God

The Effects of Globalization in Daily Life - Sociology 101 (University of Mississippi) - Essay

914 words - 4 pages technological advances have also had other major effects on the sociological landscape of the world as a whole. The creation of consumer cultures along with the global economy, the spike in informationalism, and the varying structures of different nations has completely changed how each and every group of people goes about their daily lives and coexists with one another. Globalization is defined as the flow of cultural, political, and economic

Observation on debate on the implications of gun control in the US in the 21st century - Sociology 103 - Essay

1503 words - 7 pages Jadi Norris Amanda Bartels January 29, 2016 Gun Control in the 21st Century What is the relevance and future of the Second Amendment? Guns are a fundamental part of America. Without guns, the first revolutionaries would have been unable to beat back the British forces that sought to impose rule on the new founded nation. Because of the need for firearms for simple survival during the early days of the country’s founding, the right to bear arms

gender roles back in the 1900 how they are different from today's world - phyciology - phy

665 words - 3 pages as to whether or not the 1950s was a good decade can certainly be twisted from a woman’s point of view as women were forced out of respectable roles supporting their male counterparts, into the common household becoming a professional homemaker. In conclusion gender roles during and after World War II changed quite a bit. Not necessarily on the men’s side of things but on the women’s. They went from providing for their families while their

Perception, Memory, and Broken Glass in William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury - Alabama- American Literature - Short Essay

520 words - 3 pages “Clocks slay time”: Perception, Memory, and Broken Glass in William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury William Faulkner creates confusion due to the time fragmentation in his modernist novel, The Sound and the Fury. This novel is organized into four parts; three told from the perspective of each Compson brother and the fourth by an omniscient narrator. Faulkner tells the story of an aristocratic family from Jefferson, Mississippi. While each

The Glass Castle by Jeanette Walls - English - Essay

1128 words - 5 pages The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls is a memoir of her life. She lives in New York City on a taxi on her way to a party when she sees her homeless mother digging into the dumpster. She is afraid her mother will recognize her and that someone from the party would find out about her secret, that she has a homeless mother. At that point Jeanette goes back at her apartment and feels guilty for all she has while her parents are homeless, mostly

Similar Papers

The Gender Wage Gap In The Past And Present Ryerson University, Sociology Research Essay

2493 words - 10 pages gap is known as the “Motherhood Penalty”. According to sociology, the gender wage gap and the “motherhood penalty” can be viewed from 3 seperate perspectives, the Functionalist Perspective, the Conflict Perspective, and the Feminist Perspective. The Functionalist Perspective believes that in increasing industrialized societies, women are viewed to focus on “expressive” tasks such as child care while men focus on more “industrialized” jobs which

Second Wave Of Feminism In Canada: Contribution To The Passing Of Gender Discrimination Laws History Essay

1644 words - 7 pages History essay Did the Second Wave of Feminism in the 1960s and 1970s contribute to the passing of gender based anti-discrimination bills in Canada? In the late 19th century, many Canadian women, feeling repressed and under-represented, developed a strong sense of feminism. They paid closer attention to the inequality between themselves and men around them, and strove to create change in the way they were treated. Women started to speak up for

Gender In The Media; A Research Essay That Focuses On How We Portray Gender In The Media City College, Sociology Essay

1328 words - 6 pages GENDER IN THE MEDIA 1 Alexis Robinson 8/5/18 If there’s anything people are realizing these days, it’s that representation matters. A lot. Media is incredibly influential, and not many people seem to realize how much of an impact it has on our society as a whole. But while people of color are finally starting to get their spotlight on the

Sex Diversity In The Business World English Essay

603 words - 3 pages Sex Diversity Generational diversity isn’t the only type of diversity that has benefited the business world. Sex diversity has been a long trend in business. According to the financial times, gender-diverse companies are more productive than their non diverse counterparts with significant impacts on productivity and on returns to investors (MSCI, 2018). MSCI examined the boards of 617 of the largest company’s in the world and found on average