Space Ship One: Scaled Composites Venture To Win The X Prize And To Put Civilians In Space

4113 words - 17 pages

ABSTRACTTitle:Scaled Composites is an aerospace innovation and development company located in the Mojave desert of California. Headed by Burt Rutan, Scaled Composites set out to become the first privatized company to obtain manned sub-orbital flight and to win the Ansari X Prize of $10 Million. To successfully win the X Prize, Scaled Composites developed two new and innovative aircraft known as White Knight and SpaceShipOne. White Knight, the carrier airplane, was to take SpaceShipOne to altitude where the spacecraft would then fire its rocket and ascend to space. On October 4, 2004, SpaceShipOne successfully completed its second flight in two weeks to win the X Prize. Now, a joint eff ...view middle of the document...

In May of 2004, the X Prize for space travel was renamed the Ansari X Prize, reflecting appreciation for the very generous donation by the Ansari family (X Prize Foundation). Later in that year, on October 4, 2004, the Ansari X Prize was awarded to Mojave Aerospace Adventures, the first privatized venture to successful put a spacecraft into space. That craft was known as SpaceShipOne (Handwerk, 2004).A Challenge to Achieve is BornLegendary aviation pioneer Burt Rutan headed the Mojave Aerospace team. The financing for the project came from Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen (Wade, 2008). Burt Rutan was inspired to win the X Prize and conceptual work began in 1996 because of the $10 Million dollar payoff (Foust, 2003). Rutan believed however that achievement and the winning of the X Prize meant so much more than just the money. He truly believed that a renaissance of space travel had not taken place, as had the development of aircraft. Rutan believed that space travel was primitive and underdeveloped. It was his desire to revitalize the concept of space travel and its reality that drove him to begin the conceptual design hopes of inspiring others to follow his lead. With estimated research and development costs for the completed project suspected to be around $20 Million, certainly the X Prize itself was not the motivating factor for Burt Rutan (Foust).ANALYSIS OF A PRIVATIZED SPACECRAFT DESIGNSpaceShipOne Becomes First Official Privatized SuccessOn October 4, 2004, SpaceShipOne became the world's first privately constructed, manned spacecraft to complete the third successful round-trip into space. By completing it's second successful mission within two weeks, SpaceShipOne claimed the Ansari X Prize (Harwood, 2004). Soaring to a height of over 69 miles and commanded by veteran test pilot Brian Binnie, SpaceShipOne climbed at a velocity of over 2.7 times the speed of sound. It broke the previous altitude record for an aircraft that was set back in 1963 in the X-15 (Coren, 2004).SpaceShipOne was carried to an altitude of nearly 50,000 feet by White Knight before being released to finish the ascent to history. White Knight is the vehicle designed to carry SpaceShipOne to its launch altitude. This aircraft is a turbojet aircraft designed to carry SpaceShipOne to an altitude of about 50,000 feet. At this altitude, the aircraft has reached past nearly 85% of the Earth's atmosphere (Handwerk, 2004). It is at this altitude where SpaceShipOne fires its rockets and climbs toward space at speeds reaching as high as 2,500 miles per hour. Upon reaching an altitude of roughly 62 miles above the Earth's surface, the ship coasts back down into the atmosphere where it becomes a glider upon reentry. The descent back to Earth lasts about 17 minutes from an altitude of 80,000 feet and sooner than the adventurer would like, the ride is over (Handwerk).Anatomy of a SpacecraftScaled Composites, LLC is owned by Burt Rutan and located in Mojave, California. The des...


Information On The Contribution Of One Of The Following To The Development Of Space Exploration: Tsiolkovsky

698 words - 3 pages proposed these ships would propel humanity to explore the Moon and Mars. He predicted solar power stations, space suits, and artificial gravity, as well as predicting humanity's first attempts at terraforming other worlds and living in the asteroid belt and beyond, i.e. near the great gas giants. Tsiolkovsky had stated: "Earth is the cradle of mankind; one does not remain in the cradle forever."Tsiolkovsky was an unlikely philosopher of the space

The Human Problem In Space Exploration

367 words - 2 pages body fluid rush from the legs to the head where it stays for the duration of the mission. Astronauts often feel as if they have a permanent cold, and disorientation can become a major problem. In space there's no physical sensation to let you know when you're upside down and astronauts have to rely on visual clues from their surroundings. A few hours after reaching orbit, one in three of all astronauts will experience space sickness - a feeling

Space In Contemporory Culture And Everydaylife

1516 words - 7 pages In "The Practice of Everyday Life", DeCerteau pointed out that "space is existential" and "existence is spatial" , that is to say that space locates an existence, and existence is carried out in a place. DeCerteau further explains the notion of space and place in this way: a "place" is the configuration of different static elements in relationship with each other. A "space", on the other hand, is activated by the various interactions and

A 6 Page Double Space Paper I Had To Do Last Year In MS1. The Assignment Was To Pick 3 USA Branches And State Why I'd Want To Chose Them As A Career

1307 words - 6 pages Patriot missile system) or SHORAD immediately follows it. Officers must complete both the common core and one of the two track courses in order to graduate.My third branch and perhaps my second personal choice would be Infantry. Which type, mobilized or foot doesn't matter to me. It would be nice to be in the mechanized infantry however, and I'd like to be a heavy gunner, but being an officer would severely limit that, considering I'd have to

The Future of Space and Humanity - Sci-Fi - Essay

1288 words - 6 pages finding ways to get few things from a thing, and keep that cycle going. NASA mentioned that scientists are really trying to find ways to make everything in rocket ship useful for our humans’ survival, “NASA is currently investigating a handful of possibilities that could be used in anything from the spacecraft to the Martian habitat to space suits.” (NASA, n.d.). Not having Earth’s help when we’re on Mars will be very tough especially on the

Assess The Roles Played By Science And Technology In The Construction Of C19th And/Or C20th American Urban Space?

1894 words - 8 pages After World 1 the United States were left virtually unharmed, the United States was even able to experience a decade of peace and prosperity following such a disastrous war. Of the many reasons for America's prosperity, technology played one of the most vital parts in bringing the great economic and cultural prosperity that America experienced during the 1920s. New advancements, new discoveries, and new inventions such as the car, radio

Time To Put Sexual Abuse In Pe

987 words - 4 pages It is time for the topic of child sex abuse to be brought into the world of everyday reality. People need to take their heads out of the sand and not rely on the inaccurate information they have been fed in the media.From a reading of headlines in Ireland in the past few years, a visitor from outer space might be excused for assuming that all the child sexual abuse in this country had been perpetrated by Catholic clergymen - and by no one else

Long Physics Notes: Communications And Space: Not All Dot Points Covered In This Assignment

3320 words - 14 pages out by our atmosphereThe Earth's atmosphere absorbs most of the incoming EMR from space except for visible light and some high-frequency radio waves in the microwave region. The other types of radiation would generally be harmful to us. Too much UV radiation would cause cancer and dangerous mutations. Too much penetration by X-rays or gamma rays would quickly kill us.Higher frequency waves such as gamma, x-rays and some UV rays are blocked by the

This Is An Essay About The Tragedies Of Space Travel

1121 words - 5 pages inside employees, government officials, and even the general public, wonder why it's necessary at all to continue when the consequences are so grave.On the morning of Feb. 1, 2003, space shuttle Columbia broke apart roughly 40 miles above the earth's surface in the sky over the state of Texas. On this return flight to earth, seven astronauts died aboard the shuttle, six of which were American plus one Israeli astronaut. Five of the astronauts were

lab safety for 11th grade earth and space - science - instructions

3535 words - 15 pages oven mitt to pick up a container that has been heated. xxi Using Chemicals Safely 22. Never mix chemicals “for the fun of it.” You might produce a dangerous, possibly explosive substance. 23. Never put your face near the mouth of a container that holds chemicals. Many chemicals are poisonous. Never touch, taste, or smell a chemical unless you are instructed to do so by your teacher. 24. Use only those chemicals needed in the activity. Read and

Generation X by Douglas Coupland: Reactions to the Reading

357 words - 2 pages In the passage from the novel Generation X, mixed reactions are posed by the reader. Douglas Coupland, the author of the book had several ways of producing these reactions. The emotions felt by the reader range from feeling excited and happy in the beginning to feeling sympathy and sadness towards the end of the passage.In the beginning of the passage, the text communicates a nostalgic and blissful feeling when referring to the many things that

How To Put A Computer Together

902 words - 4 pages card and the speaker cost me about $150.00. That is not too bad for the card and the speaker we got. Then we are going to put the 3.5 Standard floppy drive. It is Computer Reseller News included this floppy drive in their Ultimate PC. The floppy is one of the cheapest parts it is a bout $10.00. With that great sound card and those speaker we got to put a DVD-Player it the computer. I found a SAMSUNG CD-RW (8X, 4X, 32X) + DVD-ROM 8X Combo drive this

Think win win ( there is more in life than just blaming and hating) - jan klein highschool - essay

489 words - 2 pages Think Win-Win is an attitude towards life, a mental frame of mind that says I can win, and so can you. It’s not me or you, it’s both of us. It is not thinking “O well I am the third best, I will try for third” Think Win-Win is the foundation for getting along well with other people. It begins with the belief that we are all equal, that no one is inferior or superior to anyone else, and no one really needs to be. Win-Win is not Win-Lose, Lose-Win

viking ship essay about the sea splitter and how it sailed the sea in viking times - Humanities - History

485 words - 2 pages Carson Richards Mr. Moore Humanities 10 November 4, 2018 The Sea Splitter The famous “Sea Splitter” was built in the small city of Ribe, Denmark by a group of ten Danish men. The men spent countless amounts of hours working on building a ship that could hopefully lead them to a small island off the coast of Denmark that was filled with gold and treasures. Years later, the ship was built and ready to go to sea. The men packed up their supplies

How to be a wise buyer. The tricks to wise buying. How to avoid scams, and what to do if one occurs

362 words - 2 pages In any industry there are two parties. The consumer and the seller. The Consumer is the one who is willing to buy products, where the Seller is the party willing to Sell products. The two parties are very different and some times disputes may arise between the two. The following paragraphs will explain A. What problems can arise and how to avoid these problems and B. What to do under the circumstances. This text is useful information to those