This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Stalingrad: The Battle And How I Believe It Was The Most Important Battle Of World War Ii

1569 words - 7 pages

Stalingrad: The Most Crucial Battle of World War IIWorld War II was the bloodiest war ever fought in the history of the world. Countless men lost their lives and countries were almost obliterated. One could only imagine what would have become of the human race had the Nazi war machine defeated all of Europe and then made its way into America. While Germany was expanding its territory all over Europe, they made it as far as Russia, and a battle ensued that became one of the greatest victories in war history. The Germans were met by the Red Army at Stalingrad, a city where the fate of the world was decided. The Battle of Stalingrad was perhaps the bloodiest conflict in history. The Soviets ...view middle of the document...

The resistance was enough to stop the Germans at Moscow and let the Russians prepare for the next round (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36). After the failure of Operation Barbarossa, Hitler faced a friction in his ranks, and to cure this, he needed oil and on the way to get the oil, he would seize Stalingrad because of its strategic location on the Volga River. Capture of the city would provide the Germans with protection against counter-attack and also allow them to block oil supplies to northern Russia (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36).First off, the onslaught of the city began with air raids that killed thousands of civilians and left the city in ruin. The German troops moved in and advanced through the city towards the Volga, aimed at taking control of the Volga River and cutting off supplies to the defending Soviets (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36). The German 6th Army, commanded by General Fredrich Paulus, was expected to take the city quickly and easily, the Germans outnumbered their enemy two-to-one in men and equipment. Defending Stalingrad was the 62nd Soviet Army led by General Vasilii Chuikov. Chuikov and his men (and many women, too) defended the ruins of the city with great valor. Diaries of German soldiers referred to the Soviet defenders as "devils," not men. The Russians fought the Germans both on land, and at sea. One of the key figures of the Volga battles was Sergei G. Gorshkov, commander of the Azov Flotilla when the Germans began their advance on Stalingrad. Gorshkov and many like him operated on the Volga in support of the Russian forces in and around the city (Pellas 62).Next, on April 5, 1942, Hitler ordered Army Group A and B to seize control of Russia's oil supply and cut the Volga at Stalingrad. This was called Operation Blue (Novakovsky). By November, the Germans controlled 90 percent of Stalingrad, but the Soviet forces were entrenched in a 16-mile strip adjacent to the Volga. From this position, they could still be resupplied and still continue to be a threat (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36). While defending the city, the Russian army suffered an astounding 75 percent casualty rate. One division of 10,000 Soviet soldiers emerged from a battle with only 320 survivors (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36). The Russian defenders were fighting not only for their country, but their culture and their way of life. Had the Red Army's discipline, determination, and desperation not been so high, the Germans would surely have won. By mid-to-late November, the Germans' push towards the Caucasus had been almost halted. The Soviets were now ready to launch their counter-offensive (Roberts "Stalingrad" 36).As the fighting in the city went on through the autumn, the Soviet general Georgy Zhukov, who was the strategic planner of the Stalingrad area, concentrated massive amounts of Soviet forces in the northern and southern sectors of the city. His plan was to keep pinning the Germans down in the city, then to push through the weak flanks and surround the enemy within the...

Other Essays On Stalingrad: The Battle And How I Believe It Was The MOST Important Battle Of World War II

Why Did The Cold War Break Out In The Aftermath Of World War II?

2116 words - 9 pages 1946, following such an intense war, there was little chance of either of these alternatives being carried out. America would not surrender its monopoly whilst the Red Army was still intact, and the Russians would never demobilise as long as the Americans had the bomb. It was a "˜catch 22' situation with neither side feeling able or willing to back down.Given hindsight, the onset of the Cold War following World War II acquires a terrible

Assess The Significance Of The Battle Of Britain In Turning The Tide Of War Against Germany In The Period To The End Of 1942

1501 words - 7 pages that the Battle of Britain was not a significant turning point, as the armed forces were unable to fight back and to begin to retake Europe. Additionally it could be argued that the Battle of El Alamein was one of the most considerable points of the war for turning the tide against Germany (as supported by Churchill), as it was the first major land defeat of the Enemy - from this point onwards the Allies were undefeated. I think that both events

Describe The Main Characteristics Of A Specific Style Or Period In Jazz Since World War II

1718 words - 7 pages underlines most elements, it could be said that the concept of swing was a unifying element in the history of music, however, 'the social and musical characteristics of bebop were not an evolution of swing music, in the way swing was n evolution of Dixieland, but rather in a complete revision in just about every way.' (Yurochko, 1993. Pg102). Bebop introduced longer and more sophisticated melodic lines and harmonies, with new forms of chromatic and

The Election Of 1912 I Was Required To Imagine Voting In The Election Of 1912 And Tell The Story Of How I Chose My Candidate

1568 words - 7 pages than a thousand locally elected officials in 33 states and 160 cities, especially in the Midwest. The leader of the Socialist Party, Eugene V. Debs had already ran for President in 1900, 1904, and 1908, primarily to encourage the local effort, and he decided to do so again in 1912.This election would prove extremely important to a young man from New Jersey, Edward Henderson. Ed was a 20 year-old, Irish longshoreman born into a lower-middle class

The Story Of Martin Luther - History's Most Important Reformer

787 words - 4 pages THE STORY OF MARTIN LUTHER"Hier stehe. Ich kann nicht anders."The moment Martin Luther said those words has been one of the greatest moments in the modern history of man. Refusing to admit guilt for what had repeatedly published over the prior four years, Luther, a German monk, was directly challenging the authority of Western Christendom and the man believed by Catholics to be the human representative of God on Earth: the Pop, more specifically

Was The Fear Of The Japanese Aggression In South-East Asia In World War 2 Justified?

1910 words - 8 pages the European war was using up all their resources. Australia had most of its soldiers in the Middle East, they had lost Britain as a protector and it made them feel very vulnerable. When Singapore fell to the Japanese on February 15, 1942, Australia realised it was alone and defenceless. There was a great fear that Japan was close to invading Australia as its empire was growing. Australian reactions at the time were embodied in an article

Essay On The Movie "Battle Ship Potemkin."

1516 words - 7 pages world fair it was voted as the best movie montage of all time. This movie has been shown to millions of people and is used in classes to show students how we now have montage sequences in our everyday movies.Russian Montage had new meaning after this movie was made. The famous Odessa step sequence was forever remembered as the most famous Russian montage Scene. It used a lot of shot juxtaposition that many famous directors use in today's movies

Battle Of Britian

886 words - 4 pages Battle of Britain The battle of Britain was sometimes referred to as the greatest war of World War II. It started on July 10, 1940. It was the biggest air battle ever fought during the War. The leading commanders were Churchill for the British and Hitler for the Germans. To avoid the massive destruction from the Germans the British set up plans to protect and save lives. The Germans attacked Britain in two phases, the first being the Luftwaffe

"Lean, Mean, Extreme-Machine" -- This Essay Is On How Cyrano De Bergerac Is Able To Exceed Every Man In The Realms Of Art, Battle, And Love By The Extremes

742 words - 3 pages In today's world, it is accepted that, no matter the ability of an individual, somebody has a greater gift than him. Whether power, knowledge, or character, any person can equally find a talent to compare with another's. In Cyrano de Bergerac, however, one man has more skill in everything than anyone he faces. Cyrano, with his gentle spirit and vibrant swordsmanship, proves to surpass mankind by taking his actions in art, battle, and love to the

Battle Of Alamo

537 words - 3 pages . All of them stepped over except 1. The final siege was on March 6, 1836 as the Mexican army rampaged through the Alamo walls. Alamo’s army fired cannons to hold as much defense as possible; however, the Mexican army rushed inside and captured Alamo. By sunrise, Santa Anna’s army noticed his victory and the Alamo’s defeat.Although it is hugely debated concerning symbolism of the Battle of Alamo, most people remember Alamo as a heroic struggle for independence from the Mexicans. Today, the Alamo still remains.Sources: http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/AA/qea2.htmlhttp://www.thealamo.org/history.html

World War II

545 words - 3 pages World War II was caused by a variety of factors and forces.The Second World War can be traced to the Treaty of Versailles, which had been imposed on Germany. This treaty was a kind of dictated peace. It deprived Germany of every scrap of its colonial empire. Danzig was cut off from Germany and the country was forced to stand totally disarmed. Allied troops were stationed in Germany, in order to enforce the provisions of the Treaty. Germany was

Similar Papers

Coral Sea An Important Battle

1086 words - 5 pages case early in the war. But three bombs seriously damaged the Shokaku's flight deck. Slowly, the stout carrier withdrew northward, out of the battle. Japanese pilots had better luck. With only 15 American fighters on combat air patrol, the U.S. carriers had little protection. A 551 -pound bomb slashed through four decks of the Yorktown, igniting fires, killing 66 men, and forcing the ship to limp back to Pearl Harbor for repairs.The Lexington was not

Daisy Miller, By Henry James: (I) To What Extent Is Daisy Miller's Character A Reflection Of The American Character? (Ii) Was Henry James' Ending Artistically Necessary?

495 words - 2 pages complete antithesis of the stuffy Mrs. Walker, whose social traditions are so deeply imbued that it leaves no room for compromise within her Old World character. While Mrs. Walker represents the graceful sophistication and controlled demeanor of the European aristocracy, Daisy's boundless energy exudes from her body, carelessly spilled as she flounders here, frolics there.It is precisely this unrestrained energy that leads to Daisy's demise. If

How Did The Corfu Incident Affect The Outbreak Of World War Ii?

1813 words - 8 pages Czechoslovakia in March 1938 and March 1939. Every time Hitler seizes a piece of land, the tension in Europe amplifies considerably; the last invasion Germany stroke was towards Poland on September 1, 1939, the invasion was also known as the outbreak of World War II. Britain and France declared war on Germany two days after the invasion, the situation between the Fascist countries and the main powers of the League that occurred first in the incident of

A Battle Of Mythical Proportion Paiting: The Horrors Of War By: Peter Paul Ruben

752 words - 4 pages affects culture by destroying literature, paintings and music. Ruben felt strongly when if came to war and you can feel his emotion the more you study his work.In my opinion Rubens' work is important and brilliantly bold and pulls you in to its mystery. You find yourself looking over each and every inch of his work wondering what he wants you to know. It's impressive how he used his art as a universal message. Imagine how he either politically or