Strategic Leadership Essay

3463 words - 14 pages

Financial Market Analysis FINC20007 Financial Market Analysis FINC20007
Executive summaryThis report presents discussion about the global financial crisis effect on highly globalised financial markets. It is representing the globalization and integration of financial markets, financial crisis, effects overview, critically analyzing the effects of financial crisis and finally remedial action. The conclusion of the essay clarifies some key points and provides a personal reflection on the topic of the global financial crisis.This financial crisis affected the credit market and shadow banking system, financial institution and public wealth effects which describe the different credit unions, ...view middle of the document...

The current financial crisis which emerged in 2007, although the roots were sown much earlier, has been one of the toughest and probably the biggest that financial markets have ever encountered. Referred to as the credit crunch, the impact of the crisis has not only been on the banking sector, but on the real economy as a whole potentially leading to a long and deep recession.2.0 Globalization and Integration of Financial markets2.1 CoursesAs the dramatic technological changes and the subsequent development of means of communication, Globalization has become commonplace since the mid-1980s. Thus the process of financial and economic market integration has been promoted, which has been marked by huge amounts of capital flows among developed and developing countries (Prasael et al. 2003). Various international financial institutions such as the International Monterey Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) were developed subsequently as a way of coordinating the process of globalization and ensuring world peace and security.2.2 BenefitsAs the steps of globalization accelerate, hidden gains and benefits of highly globalized financial markets become more and more clear. Numerous multinational corporations can raise capital, increase their investment and promote business activities with greater international capability (Moshirian, 2003). Governments, companies and people have begun to realize the world's resources and reallocate resource and human talents. It is true that many developing countries like China, India with a high degree of financial integration have experienced higher economic growth.2.3 Negative influencesThe consensus view among economists on the issue of the global integration of financial markets was quite positive a few years ago. However, after experiencing crises in Latin America and Asia, which lead to some arguments that the costs of complete liberalization of financial markets for emerging countries may outweigh the benefits. The flip side of open capital markets for emerging economies causes the problem of financial crises - the pattern of lending booms and busts, massive capital inflows and equally massive reversals. The problem was in the earlier golden age of liberal capital markets and is once again today (Bordo, Rutgers University & NBER 2000).3.0 Financial Crisis3.1 IntroductionA financial crisis refers to a sharp, short and ultra-cycle deterioration of a country or several countries and regions across all or most of the financial indicators (such as: short-term interest rates, monetary assets, securities, real estate, land prices, the number of business bankruptcy and collapse of several financial institutions). Back to August 2008, the advent of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac involved in financial crisis and taken over by US government signaled the arrival of US subprime lending crisis. Later on, U.S. stocks fell sharply. Dow crash of 777 points...

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