Stress In Biopsychosocial Appraoch University Essay

2641 words - 11 pages

Introduction
stress is a biological and psychological response experienced on encountering a threat that we feel we do not have the resources to deal with.
A stressor is the stimulus (or threat) that causes stress, e.g. exam, divorce, death of loved one, moving house, loss of job.
Sudden and severe stress generally produces:
· Increase in heart rate
· Increase in breathing (lungs dilate)
· Decrease in digestive activity (don’t feel hungry)
· Liver released glucose for energy
Stress is an intimate and personal affair, and for this reason we can only infer its existence in other people from their verbal accounts, their general appearance and demeanour, and their behaviour. As we have seen, stress is generally described in terms of the emotions which include the concepts of fear, sorrow, guilt, anger, anxiety or depression. Psychologists generally propose two kinds of emotional experiences: positive emotions and negative emotions, of which one of the negative emotions is stress. Lazarus (1976) actually regards the totality of negative emotions as ‘stress emotions’, but this ignores the contributions made by other factors.
Stress is the body's biological response to an actual or perceived stressor. In our evolutionary past, stress responses would have been essential to survival as they enable the body to respond quickly to danger. Today there is less danger in our environment, but the stress response is still essential to survival, however it sometimes responds to pressures and events it was not designed for and can lead to psychological and physical illness.
There are two main stress responses in the human body. The acute stress response (also known as the SAM or sympathy adreno medullary pathway) responds very quickly to immediate danger and readies the body for the classic fight or flight response. The chronic stress response (also know as the HPA or hypothalamo pituitary adrenal pathway) responds to long-term constant stressors by keeping the body alert, however the chronic response can also have many harmful effects on the body such as reducing immune system functioning.
Stressful events that persist for an extended period of time are perceived by the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus (located in the brain) releases CRF (corticotropin releasing factor) which travels through the blood to the pituitary gland (also in the brain). The pituitary gland releases ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) which travel through the blood stream to the adrenal cortex (part of the adrenal gland situated at the top of each kidney) which releases corticosteroids (including cortisol). Cortisol has a wide range of effects on the body including increased blood pressure, sweating, vigilance, improved emotional memory, increased production of glucose from glycogen in the liver, and weakens the immune system.
Stressors have a major influence upon mood, our sense of well-being, behavior, and health. Acute stress responses in young, healthy individuals may be adaptive and...

Other Essays On stress in biopsychosocial appraoch - university - essay

Individual Differences in Personality - Five Factor Model - Murdoch University - Essay

3026 words - 13 pages advantageous for alleviating stress and anxiety in high pressure situations such as tests (Byrne, Silasi-Mansat & Worthy 2014) which may otherwise compromise academic performance. However, this is dependant upon the type of test (Vedel & Poropat, 2017). Subsequently, sustaining focus and not limiting cognitive resources required for effective and successful decision-making. Agreeableness links with academic performance derive from compliant and cooperative

Stress in College Athletes and Non-Athletes - Psychology - APA Style Essay

1327 words - 6 pages 1 Running head: Stress in College Athletes and Non-Athletes 3 Stress in College Athletes and Non-Athletes Stress in College Athletes and Non-Athletes Lakisha Camacho PSYC104v01 or v02: Introduction to Psychology II Dr. Pipitone College of Mount Saint Vincent February 24, 2019 Our group decided to focus on the stress of college student-athletes and non-athletes. Stress can be defined as emotional levels that affect an individual's mind

Assessment in social work – application to a case study - The Open University - Essay

2097 words - 9 pages This essay will look at the social work assessment process through the story of Angharad who is a single, retired primary teacher after years of independent living found herself reaching crisis point due to physical and mental health decline (The Open University, 2016a). An assessment to establish what services are needed to help Angharad is required, while her needs and views are kept at the centre so she feels empowered in her situation (SSSC

Discuss the Use of Setting in The Yellow Wallpaper - Bournemouth University/English BA - Essay

1168 words - 5 pages Patrick Bird – s5070931 Patrick Bird s5070931 BA English – Forms and Context Discuss the use of setting in The Yellow Wallpaper Total Word Count – 1.164 The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a story about one woman’s descent into madness owing to post-natal psychosis after the birth of her child. In this essay, I will be examining the use of setting and analysing how it ties into the story and the characters. In terms of setting

The role of Monomania in The Revenger's Tragedy - University of Bristol - Essay

3690 words - 15 pages only leads to more blindness’. (Margaret Atwood, Cat’s Eye). Discuss this idea in relation to one or more text. The act of taking ‘an eye for an eye’, not only damages the subject of the revenge, but also the revenger. This essay will explore this hypothesis in relation to Vindice of The Revenger’s Tragedy (1607).[footnoteRef:0] The play as a whole intensely focuses on the topic of revenge, acting as a macrocosm for Vindice’s individual obsession

Scott Russel Sanders The Men We Carry In Our Minds - University of Alberta English 102 - Summary essay

490 words - 2 pages their work. His socialization with the women at university revealed to him to the hardships women went through. Despite the fact that he thought of himself as an ally, the women that he met did not accept him as a friend, but rather considered him to be an enemy. To them, men were “guilty of having kept all the joys and privileges of the world for themselves” and were the people standing in the way of their true desires. Works Cited Sanders, Scott Russell. “The Men We Carry in Our Minds.” Essay Writing for Canadian Students. Eds. Roger and Laura Davis, 8th edition, Pearson, 2016, pg. 329-333.

An Analysis of the Ethics in Post-Modern Journalism - University of Houston, Intro to Writing final - Essay

627 words - 3 pages presentation of facts? And finally, should journalists rush to get a story out, with possibly false information, or should they wait for all of the information to come out before writing an article? In Stephen J.A. Ward’s article for University of Wisconsin's Center for Journalism Ethics, “Digital Media Ethics”, and Amanda Hess’ article for Slate, “Is Twitter Fair Game for Journalists?” the idea that journalists are bound to ethical obligations is not

Todorov’s and Jackson’s Fantasy and Gothic Views of Katniss in The Hunger Gam - University of Toronto, Fantasy and Horror - Essay

1929 words - 8 pages Jackson’s essay, he mentions that Todorov did not mention the psychoanalytic view and how it is prevalent in many fantasy works. Jackson’s psychoanalytic view can be carried through Todorov’s view of fantasy and the gothic through the examples of the fear of being betrayed and the uncertainty with the truth (Jackson 6). Katniss’ mother is the first example in the book who Katniss did not want to trust or have close relationship due to her “neglect

How is disability constructed within the media in both film and TV? - Edge Hill University/ Cultural Representations and the Media - Essay

3369 words - 14 pages MED2201: Cultural Representations and the Media CW2: 3,000-word essay ‘The “problem” is not the person with the disabilities; the problem is the way that normalcy is constructed to create the “problem” of the disabled person’ (Davis: 2013:1). Critically analyse this statement in relation to two examples from either film, television or advertising. Consistently in the media, too often individuals with a disability are portrayed as figures to be

Homosexuality in Christian Ethics - Campbell University Christian Ethics - Essay

1734 words - 7 pages “Satisfy the sexual needs of their partner,” (264). Nonetheless, Boswell ends his essay by saying the New Testament takes no demonstrable position on homosexuality. He notes that Christians have historically viewed homosexuality as evil, but does not believe that there is a Biblical foundation for these beliefs. When it comes to the four dimensions of moral agency and Boswell, Boswell sees a major gap in traditional Christian thinking and what the

Applied concepts in Physiotherapy - Teesside University 2:1 - Essay

2820 words - 12 pages ; “biopsychosocial perspective; patient-as-person; shared power and responsibility; therapeutic alliance; and doctor-as-person”. As such, definitions focus on behaviours specific to the patient-practitioner interface. In contrast, definitions in occupational therapy draw on broader components, such as community and organisational factors ( Law et al. 1995). On a management level, definitions look past individual processes and describe a broader system-wide

Similar Papers

Prostitution In 19 Th Century Europe University Essay

2454 words - 10 pages of Exeter (Acton,1870: p3). This essay will be structured around Dr. William Acton’s book Prostitution, Considered in its Moral, Social, and Sanitary Aspects to discuss the reason of rising in prostitution with urbanization as well as the threats that posed to the state of social progress in contemporary European countries. The Reason of Rapid Increase of Prostitution with Urbanization First of all, a series of changes in rising population and

Physical Development In Middle Adulthood University Of Phoenix Essay

1065 words - 5 pages University of Phoenix Physical Development in Middle Adulthood Learning Team D BSHS/325 5/24/2015 We as growing humans have a very interesting life span. We go from infancy, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. With each span of development in our lives also comes with challenges. While they may seem like simple challenges looking back on them or even from a perspective of a textbook, they all have an

Safety In Children And Young People Open University Essay

2745 words - 11 pages , provide him with another person he could confide in should he feels he needs to particularly during times of anxiety and distress. · Sibling relationship – Joe’s relationship with his 9-year-old sister can support not only positive self-wellbeing it can also promote a sense of family wellbeing particularly when confronted by stress or change particularly a change is the family dynamics at home. Sibling relationships offer each other the emotional

Virtue Ethics In Jouralism Question Philosophy, University Of Warwick Essay

1876 words - 8 pages is not surprised that journalists hack people’s phone to get information for new stories in recent years, when such kind of bad news come out, there is a moral argument within this behavior. In this essay, I will argue that virtue ethics theory requires agent-based theorist and target-centered theorist answer to the question and that strongly and logically prove that it is morally wrong for journalist to hack people’s phones in order to get