Study Notes On The Structure And Function Of Various Groups Of Molecules Including Proteins, Carbohydrates, And Lipids (Fats)

751 words - 4 pages

a. -A protein is a polymer of amino acids-Amino acids form a particular sequence-R group varies between amino acids and determined type of amino acid-Primary structure of a protein is it's unique sequence and number of amino acids-Determined by genetics-Determines other structures peptide bonds-Secondary structure of a protein is the three-dimensional shape including the various folding and coilings of the polypeptide chain-Result of hydrogen bonds at regular intervals along the polypeptide backbone-Folding produces a spiral Alpha Helix associated with globular proteins-Folding may produce a beta-pleated sheet associated with fibrous proteins-Tertiary structure of a protein consists of irregular contortions from bonding between the side chains (R groups) of the various amino acids-Determined by hydrogen bonding between R groups of amino acids-Determined by hydrophobic interactions between nonpolar side chains-Determined by disulfide bonds between sulfur atoms on the amino acids with sulfhydryl groups on their side chains-Determined by weak van der Waals interactions-Quaternary Structure is the overall protein structure that results from the aggregation of two or more polypeptide chains into one macromolecule-Some molecules important to organism's that are proteins are: keratin, collagen, silk, hemoglobin, and enzymes-Structural formula of protein:b. Types of carbohydrates: monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharide-Monosaccharides-Simplest kind of carbohydrate-Consists of a single sugar molecule like fructose or glucose-Can be a ketone sugar or an aldehyde sugar depending on the location of the carbonyl group-Glucose, fructose-Major fuel source for cellular respiration-Their carbon skeletons serve as raw material for the synthesis of other types of small organic molecules like amino acids and fatty acids-Disaccharides-Consists of two monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic linkage (covalent bond formed betw...


Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

512 words - 3 pages DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE STRUCTURE AND FUCTION OF CARBOHYDRATESCarbohydrates are part of what we call macronutrients. In our body, as well as proteins and fats, macronutrients are needed in large amounts. Carbohydrates can be monosaccharides (sugars), disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (starch). Carbohydrates have the general formula of Cx(H2O)y- they only contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen- making them organic compounds.Sugar

Nutrients: Fats, Proteins. Carbohydrates, Water, Vitamins & Minerals

506 words - 3 pages building blocks for enzyms and other proteins in the body. Our body doesn't make certain amino acids (building blocks), and so we get these amino acids with our diet.Fats: fats are basic nutrients made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are used for cells to properly function and maintenance of body temperature. The body does not make some fatty acids and again we look for our diet to supply these. Triglycerides make up 95% of our total body

Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations

437 words - 2 pages Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations. The purpose of such study is to help internal incorporation, bring employees from all levels of the company closer together, and boost their performance. Employees are what make up an organization or a company. A company must run successfully; therefore, the employees have to work well together. People work

Biology - The Movement of Molecules

415 words - 2 pages in blood for example will diffuse into those cells that need them. Diffusion is also vital for getting oxygen into cells and carbon dioxide out of them, for example, in humans. Facilitated diffusion occurs when substances move down the concentration gradient by "carrier proteins" in the cell membrane.Osmosis is also a type of passive transport involving the diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable membrane. Water will move by

Methods of Capital Punishment : Overview of the methodology of capital punishment including various methods currently employed by the US

456 words - 2 pages Capital punishment, which is the legal infliction of death as a penalty for violating a criminal law is the most controversial penal practice in the modern world today. Throughout history it has held various methods and forms including crucifixion, stoning, drowning, burning at the stake, impaling, and beheading. In 2002 seventy one inmates were executed under capital punishment, seventy of those executions were carried out via leathal injection

The Emotional Effect of Poetic Structure on “Leda and the Swan” - College English 105 - Essay

674 words - 3 pages Free English 105.A01 4 November 2018 The Emotional Effect of Poetic Structure on “Leda and the Swan” The poem “Leda and the Swan” by W.B. Yeats is a poetic retelling of Zeus’s rape of Leda in Greek Mythology. According to the original myth, Zeus transformed himself physically into the form of a beautiful swan. As the swan, Zeus came to Leda and forced himself upon her, raping her. Poets make crucial choices every time they create a new work. They

A take on the reformed law of Capital Punishment. Including statistics and it's history - International Law - Essay

983 words - 4 pages to complete the abolition of the sentence was extended. It wasn't until December 11, 1962 that the government 1 took the last lives, and even after that, the fight was not over. Before 1859 there were approximately 250 offenses that could land an individual with Capital Punishment, including stealing turnips and hiding in disguise in the forest.2 However, by 1865, only three offenses could bring about the Death Penalty, including murder

Study Notes Of Lectures On Markov Assumptions, Machine Learning, Brain Learning, Types Of Learning, Memory, And Qualia

769 words - 4 pages there has been a trend in turning to attention-Still, most computers have terrible ability to focus and have attentionReview various kinds of memorySyntax, etc.Different parts of the brainLots of different sub modules and chunks of processingLife is way more complicated than explained in this courseLearningEvolution DarwinianOperant Conditioning PavlovianReasoning Popperian, Bayseian, logicDifferent modes of perceptionDidn’t even cover

Describe the responses of individuals, groups and governments in Australia to the challenge of reconciliation

613 words - 3 pages the non-land aspirations of Indigenous Australians. There has been little action to implement the recommendations made from this report.The political divisions, which followed the Mabo Decision, led to the establishment of many citizen groups including the Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTaR). ANTaR is an independent network of organizations who support reconcilaiton and justice for Indigenous Australians. ANTaR initiated the

Structure and properties of Biological membranes

453 words - 2 pages ½Give an account of the structure and properties of Biological membranes. Include details of the modifications of membrane structure found in different specialised cells and organelles½The Fluid Mosaic model was codified by Singer and Nicolson in 1972. It describes the structure and properties of the cell membrane very simply. Every membrane consists of a Phospholipid bilayer. This is simply two layers of phospholipid molecules

This Paper Discussed TCP/IP In Depth Including All History And Futures Of The Internet Protocol

4842 words - 20 pages slow (usually 2400bps), packetcompression would cause large improvements in packetthroughput. Usually, streams of packets in a single TCPconnection have few changed fields in the IP and TCP headers,so a simple compression algorithms might just send the changedparts of the headers instead of the complete headers.Some work is being done by various groups to design and implement asuccessor to SLIP which will address some or all of these

Franz Fanon's Work As Compared With Karl Marx, And Utopia. The Various Advantages And Disadantages Of Each Of The Societies

1241 words - 5 pages gratifying, productive society is created. An ideal society is one which has no separation between the rich and the poor; the have's and the have-nots, where a society is united as a whole and a class-system doesn't exist.Thomas More, the author of "Utopia" talks about one of the biggest societal problems, private ownership of land (which doesn't exist in Utopia, when he states, "they are generally set on acquiring new kingdoms, right or wrong, than on

The Structure Of DNA

1225 words - 5 pages come together to form a helix the bases of one strand bond with the basesof the other with Adenines only bonding with Thymines and Guanine only binding withCytosines. DNA molecules are basically long strands of nucleotides. Groups ofnucleotides are called genes. Therefore, each DNA molecule consists of hundreds orthousands of genes, each occupying a different section of the strand and genes aregrouped into chromosomes (Miko, 2008). Humans have 46

This Research Paper Is On The History Of The European Union And The Various Aspects And Functions Regarding It, As Well As Its Potential Impact And Influental Power On Global Economics

1944 words - 8 pages an economic powerhouse. I believe the growing European Union will have a much larger impact on international trade and will represent a formidable competitor to the United States in future years.Table of Contents§Introduction§The EU's Mission§Institutions of the EU§The Euro§The EU: A Superpower in the MakingTo gain some historical perspective, one should note that Winston Churchill fostered the idea of the European Union

Study Notes On Nostradamus; Outline Of A Term Paper

1145 words - 5 pages Nostradamus·is it possible to see into the future? Many believe that a man named Michel de Nostradamus could. His predictions have baffled scholars for over 400 years. Nostradamus made over 1,000 predictions and according to historians, half of them have already come true. The most shocking of his predictions deal with the coming of 3 Anti-christs.·My paper will focus on these prophecies made by Michel de Nostradamus.-it is