This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Substance Abuse And Pregnancy Essay

3191 words - 13 pages

Any substance which flows through a pregnant woman's blood stream; whether it be positive or negative, debilitating or helpful, will pass through placental walls to the developing child she carries. If one considers how negatively toxic substances such as cigarettes, alcohol, and cocaine affect the physical and mental state of a fully developed and healthy adult, it is possible to understand how devastating the effects these same substances have on a child in utero and throughout the course of their development. Examining prevalence rates and current research in the area of how exposure to the aforementioned substances affects children's physical, developmental, cognitive and social growth ...view middle of the document...

The fetus typically measures 10 inches and weighs approximately ½ a pound. Although still highly susceptible to toxins in their mother's body, the fetus at this stage is more fully formed and so at less risk for damage than during the first trimester. The third trimester signals the end of the usual 40 week gestation period and the child's preparedness to leave the womb. (cite)In the year 1992-1993, the National Institute on Drug Abuse/National Institute of Health surveyed pregnant women to ascertain the amount of drug use among pregnant women as part of the National Pregnancy and Health Survey. (www.nida.nih.gov, 2004) This national survey found that of the four million women surveyed, 820,000 smoked cigarettes while pregnant, 757,000 drank alcohol, 221,000 used illegal drugs and of those illegal drug users 45,000 used cocaine. These numbers are alarming because they illustrate that over 20% of pregnant American women expose their children to the dangers of smoking, drinking and illegal drug use. (www.nida.nih.gov, 2004) Cigarette smoking appears as the substance of choice for these women, a choice which is reflected in national trends of substance use. (cite)There tends to be some underlying similarities in the mothers who smoke when they are pregnant. Some of these similarities tend to be that mothers who smoke while they are pregnant are more likely to have dropped out of school, be of lower socio-economic status, and they are more likely to be currently living with a smoker (Haslam & Lawrence 2004). Also, mothers who smoke while they are pregnant are more likely to consumer alcohol as well during their pregnancy; in the first trimester 27'% of women who smoke drank alcohol, in the second trimester that increased to 35% and in the third there were 34% of women who drank and smoked while pregnant (Haslam et al 2004). A major problem for mothers who smoke while they are pregnant is that they are less likely to take the proper amount of folic acid, which is extremely import for women and even more important when pregnant (Haslam et al 2004). Also, the diet of a smoker typically "contains significantly less thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin C, corticoids, and iron than a nonsmoker's diet" (Matthews. Yudkin, Smith & Neil, 2000, as cited in Haslam et al. 2004). Also, part of the problem is some of these women do not know that they need folic acid and certain vitamins while they are pregnant (Haslam et al 2004).This behavior and lack of a proper diet has devastating effects on the children born to these women. These babies are more likely to have health problems which are present at birth. Some of these problems include: respiratory tract infections, asthma, impaired lung function, persistent middle ear infection (citation). There are other physiological effects (able 1980 as cited in Weisman, Warner, Wickrammratne, & Kandle 1999) one being lower birth weight, decreased head circumference and decreased in birth length (Cornelius &...

Other Essays On Substance Abuse And Pregnancy

Alcohol and drugs effect on teens - Cleveland/11 - Research paper

1652 words - 7 pages - Diabetes - Pain relief 2 COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE - Domestic and child abuse - Embarrassment and humiliation - Disturbing the general public - School community - Hospital staff & Paramedics ! Abusive patients - Hospital overflow - Jail overflow - Mental institution overflow - Dangerous drivers ! Accidents - Police being called out for substance and alcohol abuse - Finances ⇒ Drug abuser ⇒ Family ⇒ Government

Does the TV show '16 and pregnant' promote teen pregnancy? - luzerne county community college and sociology - research paper

768 words - 4 pages details about birth control, STDs and dating abuse. Its promoted that teen viewers can perceive the reason why the show was made. To also show why teen pregnancy is such a big issue in the world. The show was developed to teach teens about the struggles and pain of teen pregnancy and why its essential to wait until the right time to start a family. Through social media spreading the word about contraception, birth control, and the risks of

Daily life with Depression in “Jerry and Molly and Sam” - Bakersfield College, English B1A - Essay

914 words - 4 pages , when he began an affair with Jill, he put his whole family’s stability at jeopardy. Through all the turmoil they have had to undergo he seems to have no remorse about doing so. It’s like he set up for his family to get hurt, it may not be his intention but it’s utterly what he did. The article “Role of Family in Alcohol and Substance Abuse”, explains how the whole family is affected by the abuse, “abuse is a family disease” (125) it states, and

Managerial Accounting Budgeting - Singapore Management University MA - Project

3291 words - 14 pages quantitative in nature. These factors would be further elaborated below. 1.1.1 Strengths: BT has a huge range of diverse and comprehensive services to treat substance abuse, BT can be thought as a one-stop place for such treatments. Their reputation is further enhanced by excellent patient testimonials and their unwavering attention to patients as attested by low client-to-staff ratio. Their staffs are highly trained and well-equipped to respond

Intellectual Disorders and Autusim - lakeland Union High School - Essay

483 words - 2 pages and make careless mistakes in their homework. The other category of symptoms is hyperactivity or impulsivity which can include having trouble sitting still, fidgeting, running and jumping most of the time with trouble sitting for any length of time. Those with this disorder often have a hard time in school and are often rejected by their peers. Early ADHD is a risk factor for adolescent and adult alcohol and substance use and abuse. Many people

Child Abuse and how to prevent it - Human services - Research paper

1265 words - 6 pages Social Welfare from University of Chicago, A.M. in Social Work from the University of Chicago, and a B.A. from the University of Michigan. Her interests include child abuse and neglect, poverty and child development, welfare and child welfare systems, welfare reform and child and family well-being, and intimate partner abuse. Source 3 Brouwer, Thomas P. (2011) Parents with Substance Use Disorders and Child Protection Issues. Hauppange, N.Y.: Nova

The importance of Environment in mental illness - Psychology - Essay

1209 words - 5 pages experiences: the main contributors are a child’s home environment, substance abuse, as well as social and cultural expectation. Nature vs Nurture has been one of the biggest debates between psychologists, and is the question of whether one’s biology or environment is more important in who we become. Almost everything that has to do with one's behaviour can be linked to the nature vs nurture question and is very critical in determining what links us to

public schools vs private schools - dominican convent c - essay

981 words - 4 pages abortions performed in the same year. Because of that, many people conclude that it should continue legal with the help of pro-choice activist. who believe that every woman has and should have the right to choose if they want to keep the pregnancy or terminate. Also it is safer to make it legar because will terminate the pregnancy in a safer place with the right equipment and personnel. Rather than going to ilegal places where equipments are not

drug persuasive

474 words - 2 pages development of addiction relapse. Preclinical research shows that stress exposure enhances drug self-administration and reinstalls drug seeking (Sinha 2006). Mental health problems such as stress typically start during adolescence and if left untreated can lead to substance abuse (Associated Press 2014). In 2006, more than two million teens between the ages of 12 to 17 met symptomatic criteria for addiction on unauthorized drugs (Sinha 2006).As one

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

6461 words - 26 pages Coordination Disorder (DCD) is the most commonly associated disorder with ADHD because fifty percent of those with ADHD also have DCD. Autism disorders, language disorders, and learning disorders may also be related to ADHD.Wassterstein (2005) says that adults with ADHD often have other disorders such as substance abuse, antisocial behavior, learning disabilities, conduct disorders, and/or mood and anxiety disorders. She says that diagnosis of ADHD

Childhood disorders Chapter 1-5 - Brooklyn College/ Psychology 3240 - Notes

3355 words - 14 pages amongst pre school and school age children but increases two to threefold by adolescence. Comorbidity: As many as 90% of young people with depression have one or more other disorders, 50% have two or more. The most frequent are anxiety disorders: GAD, phobias, and separation anxiety disorder. PDD, conduct problems, ADHD, and substance abuse can also be common. Onset, Course, Outcome: *may be gradual or sudden *average episode lasts 8 months, longer

Similar Papers

Abuse Of Illegal Drugs And Alcohol Intake During Pregnancy And It's Effects On Babies

2908 words - 12 pages The abuse of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy causes much alarm to society. A lot of crimes, violence, and mental retardation and physical defects result from the abuse. Pro-life organizations and advocates, doctors and medical researchers have tried to work hand in hand to study and expose the ill effects of pre-natal exposure to drugs. More are concerned with the physical and psychological effects of drugs and alcohol on children.To discuss

Drinking And Driving In Wisconsin Understanding Substance Abuse Essay

917 words - 4 pages Drinking and driving in Wisconsin Drinking in Wisconsin is the social norm. It seems wherever you go there is alcohol available. Getting behind the wheel even at a buzz level, is evitable because of the increased availability alcohol has become. Even family atmospheres such as movie theaters, zoo’s and amusement parks; indoor and outdoor now sell alcohol. Perhaps parents use alcohol as a social lubricant in these atmospheres, whether it be from

Substance Abuse Vs Substance Use Disorder Liberty University Subs 505 Essay

1098 words - 5 pages Running head: SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER 1 SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER 7 A Comparison of Substance Abuse and Substance Use Disorder Melissa L. Rea Liberty University There is no doubt that substance abuse and misuse is a growing dilemma in our society. It crosses all ethnicities, cultures, education levels, social statuses, economic classes, genders and age groups (Clinton and Scalise, 2013). Simply put, substance use disorders (SUDs) do not

Abortion: Pro Choice Or Pro Life? Social Justice 12 Essay

787 words - 4 pages parenting in the future. The child could then develop psychological issues, including insecurity and vulnerability, poor behaviors including substance abuse and aggression, and social issues and loneliness. If a child is going to be brought into a financially stable life, it’s already at a disadvantage. In Canada 21% of all single mothers live in poverty while 1 in 5 children are impoverished (Canada Without Poverty, 1). A study at Ohio State