This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Systems Approach Essay

8206 words - 33 pages

The Systems ApproachThe systems approach to project management has several aspects that would require to be taken into consideration.All elements within a project are dependent on each other and each one of them would have their own special needs or characteristics. Every element would have its own complete properties that are unique and would need to be properly understood.There have to be goals or end results even for intermediate stages of a project, and the project manager would always have to be working towards these and fully understand the importance of these results.All inputs into a project would have to be determined and kept constant or added to whenever necessary. Some inputs may ...view middle of the document...

Systems Approach to Project ManagementFor the academics Systems Theory has been around since the early 1800's popularized by German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Freidrich Hagel who said:'The whole is more than the sum of the parts','The parts are dynamically interrelated & interdependent' and'The parts cannot be understood if considered in isolation from the whole'Systems Theory leads onto Systems Thinking that teaches us to look at the total system performance and the relationships between systems. Take for instance the human body, it is a system that has many inter-related sub-systems like the heart, lungs, arteries and veins. While the heart is the most efficient and relatively maintenance free 'pump' known to man, on its own it is just a pump, but when it is inter-related with the lungs, arteries and veins it provides life to the human body.Every project is a 'system' in that it consists of many interrelated and interconnected parts or elements which must function together as a 'whole'. Project Managers need to be concerned with the 'big picture', and as such, they must be systems thinkers and allocate adequate attention to every part of the project management system.When we talk about controlling projects we are talking about the management of Scope, Time, Cost, Resources and Risk which are all sub-systems of project management as a whole however, as sub-systems they cannot work in isolation they must be interrelated.Scope Management is mission critical for the success of all projects and must be identified, documented and baselined prior to the commencement of any work. This provides a solid foundation to the project management processes to enable accurate progress monitoring and a baseline to determine if additional work is within the original scope. This will decide if the additional work constitutes an authorised variation order that could result in an extension of time (EOT) or additional costs to the contractor.Time Management utilises the documented and baselined scope as the project deliverables in the form of a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). The project schedule will be developed by assigning activities that define how the deliverables in the WBS will be produced and the duration each of those activities will take.Resource Management sees the assignment of labour, material and equipment resources to the project schedule activities and ensures the activities can be completed through optimisation of the available resourcesCost Management applies the rates in terms of manhours and/or dollars to the assigned resources to enable the generation of performance reports such as progress 'S' curves, Earned Value Management (EVM) and cash flow.Risk Management determines the probability of completing the project through quantitative analysis models such as Monte Carlo and/or qualitative brainstorming sessions. The result from both will identify potential risks as to the probability of occurrence and the impact on the project should they...

Other Essays On Systems Approach

Management Information System Essay

2757 words - 12 pages forecasts.The "monopolist" approach is to strictly control end-user development. The "laissez-faire" approach is to encourage end-user systems development to expand.Advantages of the Monopolist Approach:It can ensure that the whole organisation is using a commonsystem - no incompatibility issues.Data files and staff can transfer between departments.It ensures that systems are developed by experts who willproduce efficient systems with proper

General Electric Company is a diversified industrial corporation engaged in developing, manufacturing and marketing a wide variety of products

508 words - 3 pages business is divided into the following segments: Aircraft Engines, Commercial Finance, Consumer Finance, Consumer Products, Equipment Management, Insurance, Power Systems and NBC. GE operates in more than 100 countries and employs more than 315,000 people worldwide.GE Equity's initial plan was only to invest in areas unrelated to GE, with an eye toward making some money. Having understood how equity investing and growth are converged, top management

Project Management

3574 words - 15 pages " (Robert M. Pirsig); Distinguishing between a project as a system versus a project for the purpose of creating systems by means of the ten most common system terms (principles and concepts). Question 1.5 Explaining the systems approach to management and its relation to the systems view of a project, and providing the following: The three main characteristics of systems management; An evaluation of the project manager's role in systems engineering

Financial Effects And Constraints

1336 words - 6 pages health care system needs to reimburse you appropriately." (Richard, C., 2009).ReferencesCarli Richard (2009). Waxman optimistic about health care reform, pharmacist's role in it. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from http://www.pharmacist.comLangabeer, J. R. (2008). Health care operations management: A quantitative approach to business and logistics. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett, Inc.OPPapers (2008). Systems Thinking and Kaizen: Tools for Hospital Process Improvement. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from www.oppapers.comTina Carleton (2008). Investing In The Healthcare Sector. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from www.investopedia.com

Information Technology: An Important And Successful Tool In Business Process Management Pro Gramme

2322 words - 10 pages information about the strategy and direction of the organization are critical to all quality-improvement programs. The IT management systems in an organization need to be structured so that they encourage the open flow of information related to quality and business results throughout the organization. The IT department, of course, is just one component in the organization that needs to support this approach. Nevertheless, because of its presence

Culturally Based Value Systems

1340 words - 6 pages 1) Discuss the stages in the negotiation process and how culturally based value systems influence these stages. Specifically,Explain the role and relative importance of relationship building in different countriesDiscuss the various styles and tactics that can be involved in exchanging task-related informationDescribe differences in culturally based styles of persuasionDiscuss the kinds of concession strategies a negotiator might anticipate in

Service Request SR-Rm-012 Business Systems

1859 words - 8 pages separate processes into a comprehensive synchronized system.Integrating the various functions of Riordan's HRIS into the proposed ERP will facilitate the processes involved, not only in HR but also in other departments of the organization that need access to this data. By integrating the HR transaction processing systems with management and executive information systems, a streamlined approach in data entry and retrieval will be attained

The Human Side Of Mergers And Acquisitions - HP & Apollo Computer

6336 words - 26 pages interpersonal conflicts that are likely to crop up when organizational and cultural "misfits" between two companies exist? To answer this question, the organizational "misfits" experienced by Apollo and HP professionals while merging human resource and payroll information systems will be used as the context for discussing a human resource approach for understanding and resolving interpersonal differences.Early in July 1989, Apollo learned that the

Quality Improvement Implementation

2894 words - 12 pages of plastic injection molding. The company has been known to have a detailed, extreme precision and high quality control standard. Hartman Industries has reached great success by applying ISO 9000 standards in the past; the company strives in keeping up to date with frequent research and growth. As successful a company may be it is recommended that all companies establish new quality systems frequently. The following paper will suggest Hartman

General Electric - A Fortune 500 Company: Why They Continue To Be One Of The Top 15 Fortune 500 Companies

742 words - 3 pages "business" is itself a vast enterprise, any of which would, even as a standalone company, rank in the Fortune 500. The Company's "business" is divided into the following segments: Aircraft Engines, Commercial Finance, Consumer Finance, Consumer Products, Equipment Management, Insurance, Power Systems and NBC. GE operates in more than 100 countries and employs more than 307,000 people worldwide.GE Equity's initial plan was only to invest in areas

JP Morgan Chase Shifts IT Outsourcing Into Reverse

5453 words - 22 pages expectations, within time and cost estimates. SDLC's work effectively and efficiently in the current and planned information technology infrastructure, and is cheap to maintain and cost-effective to enhance. SDLC is a systematic approach to problem solving.The above is the Waterfall Approach to the systems development. The diagram shows that at any time the project can be halted and can return to any earlier step at any phase due to the linear layout

Similar Papers

Great Computer Assignment For Highschool Students

465 words - 2 pages -called expert systems--programs designed to perform tasks in specialized areas as a human would. Expert systems take computers a step beyond straightforward programming, being based on a technique called rule-based inference, in which pre-established rule systems are used to process the data. Despite their sophistication, systems still do not approach the complexity of true intelligent thought.Many scientists remain doubtful that true AI can ever be

Explain How The Managerial Ideas Of Taylor And Fayol Differ From Mayo. Assess The Relevance Of Classical Management Theorists To The Management Of Contemporary Organisations

1002 words - 5 pages Relations Movement (horizontal/inter-departmental), encouraging adaptation to external changes, seems the more relevant approach for modern management.Contemporary management builds on the Classical and Behavioural approaches and goes beyond them. The Systems approach of "different strokes for different folks" finally put the "one best way" theory to bed and has dominated modern organisational analysis since the 1980s. The Contingency approach views

Culture Essay

419 words - 2 pages Impact of various social systems on my developmentIntroductionEcological systems theory developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner in 1979. It is an approach to explain the relationship between child's development and the social environment. It is divided into five different levels: (i) the microsystem, (ii) the mesosystem, (ii) the exosystem, (iv) the macrosystem and (v) the chronosystem. The first four levels are discussed in this essay.As proposed by

Impact Of Information And Computer Technology On Production Planning And Control Systems

1283 words - 6 pages is a function of the organization that is critical to its success. Consequently, companies have found ways to improve its production planning and control systems by utilizing the technology that is available today. Some of the popular systems that technology has spurred on include material requirement planning systems (MRP), materials resource planning systems (MRPII) Enterprise resource planning systems (ERP) and customer resource planning