Teaching Strategies In A Multicultural Setting Unisa Assignment

1748 words - 7 pages

Student number: 46365265
Name: Nabeela Paruk
EDMHODR
Assignment 1: 639504
Question 1: Teaching strategies and
the way in which it is used in a
multicultural setting
2
Table of Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 3
Teaching Strategies ........................................................................................................................... 4
Direct Whole Class Instruction ....................................................................................................... 4
Problem Based Tasks and Projects ................................................................................................. 4
Multicultural Setting .......................................................................................................................... 6
Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................... 7
References ........................................................................................................................................ 8
3
Introduction
This assignment will focus on two different teaching strategies and their importance in
educating learners. It is also critical to evaluate how it will be used in a multicultural setting
and how it will be performed. In order to explain the different strategies, we must first
differentiate between teaching method and teaching strategy as these are thought to be
synonyms.
Teaching strategy is an overall approach to teaching content. It’s the overall structure and
system that you provide for your instruction. I will be explaining some teaching strategies in
detail. Strategies can include various teaching methods. This is because teaching methods
are the actual activities that you do to teach your students. Teaching methods are chosen to
match the teaching strategy. It’s something students will perform or do.
I can see why people usually confuse these terms. I feel that it’s important to establish and
remember the difference of these two words and how they are treated in professional
educational discussions.
4
Teaching Strategies
Direct Whole Class Instruction
Direct instruction is a teaching strategy used to present very specific information or to
demonstrate a certain skill to the whole class. This strategy is used when teachers want to
convey background information, demonstrating an activity or telling a story. It is especially
used in conveying large amounts of information about new material. Frequent eye contact
should be made to see whose paying attention and who’s not. The level of language should
also be appropriate. The educator controls the way in which a subject is taught. An example
of this is the procedure of solving for Pythagoras in mathematics or explaining a chemical
process such as decomposition. This is done by taking the form of a short lecture together
with questions and activities, a direct explanation and demonstration. Aids such as
overhead projectors, videos and chalkboards can be used. This is often referred to as active
teaching. Direct instruction is teacher centred and in the form of one-way communication. If
used correctly, it can be very effective. However, it can be less effective if learners are
behind and teachers are under the impression that they understand. It can also be used
with other strategies such as group work to allow learners to become involved.
There are different phases that should be used with this approach. The first phase involves
giving a rationale on why it is important. Background information can also be provided in
this stage. Step-by-step information should be provided in the second phase. This will help
to provide a method of completion. And the third phase should involve questions and
practice to see if the learners understand what was taught. In the fourth phase, the
educator should walk around the classroom and provide feedback to the learners. The
educator must ensure the transfer of information to real life contexts. This could be done by
giving the students homework. This strategy is effective, depending on the subject being
taught.
Problem Based Tasks and Projects
When teaching is based on problem-based tasks and projects, a number of teaching
strategies can be used such as inquiry learning, problem solving and various projects. The
inquiry method is used to encourage learners to question, explore, discover and distinguish
between facts and opinions. It is a form of guided discovery. Personally, I would prefer
problem-solving as the solution for the problem is required. It is a type of discovery learning
that needs more planning than others. It creates a gap between what the learners should
know and what they already know. The reason for using problem solving would be to help
learners realise that their existing knowledge could be applied in new situations to solve
problems and by solving the problem could lead to new information. It is also found in their
daily lives such as newspapers, radio and TV shows. It makes learners inquisitive and
challenges them to learn. According to Nieman (2006:115), problem solving allows learners
5
to identify with the problem itself and thus to be in touch with the solution. It is also used to
generate new knowledge. When a learner finds out something, it “sticks” to his mind and he
discovers his own meaning from it. It is done by the educator showing the learners how to
solve the problem. The educator has to guide the learners to minimize the chance of them
discovering irrelevant information. This involves the five steps of problem solving which is:
⦁ Becoming aware of the problem and defining it
⦁ Collecting information and evidence that may help solve a problem
⦁ Finding a solution
⦁ Developing a plan of action
The educator should structure the problem solving process. He should intervene through
statements, comments or suggestions. The educator should, however, not suggest solutions
or help to collect information. Help should be given to the students when choosing a
structured problem solving model or a less structured process.
According to Nieman (2006:117), Hacket and Martin (1993: 35) and Schwartz (1994: 158–
159) advise educators to intervene as follows during problem solving:
• Encourage the learners to find a solution.
• Make sure each learner understands the problem-solving steps.
• Check continually to see that all group members are busy with the same step in the
problem-solving process at any given time. Problem solving is more successful when
all group members focus on the same step at the same time.
• Make sure that the learners follow the problem-solving steps in the correct
sequence. Discourage learners from taking short cuts.
• Intervene immediately if you notice that learners are making decisions without
having valid information.
• Intervene immediately if you find certain group members concealing their
observations and assumptions from other members, or that some members are
ignoring one of their group. Ensure that each group member’s ideas are heard,
evaluated and taken into consideration.
• Ensure that the group reaches consensus after each step. The results of each step
could be recorded.
Learners should also be guided to think of solutions before choosing an approach. Learners
should be encouraged to ask questions and assist each other. Crossword puzzles or fill in the
blanks are good examples of problem solving.
6
Multicultural Setting
For a lesson to be effective, a teacher must match a lesson plan to a particular teaching
strategy. According to Nieman (2005:92) problem solving in a farm school in a rural area
with limited facilities will be mediated completely differently from problem solving in a
wealthy, urban school. The multicultural nature of schools, disadvantaged learners and the
fact that the majority of learners are not taught in their home language demand that the
correct teaching strategy be used. The teaching strategy needs to be adapted to the
situation presented in class. Teachers must be aware of strategies that might be
discriminatory/offensive to learners. Aspects such as language and disability can exclude
certain learners if not managed correctly. Where possible, teachers should use the mother
tongue of learners when explaining difficult parts of a lesson, especially when group work is
implied. Often learners whose home language is not English and who struggles with it, might
withdraw from being actively involved in class discussion. Other methods such as
presentation, role-playing and discussion might also be hindered by language barriers. In
some instances, learners may concentrate on fluency at the expense of facts and logic (just
to fit in). Teachers must be aware of such possible barriers to learning and in such cases
choose teaching strategies that make all learners feel comfortable.
This can be done by:
⚪ Ensuring readiness to assimilate and apply new knowledge.
• Learners will only be ready to assimilate (take in and understand) and apply new
knowledge once they’ve reached a certain age and level of learning.
• It’s important that the lesson content is appropriate to learners’ level of thinking and
development.
• In a lesson plan, the chosen teaching strategies should correspond and be
proportionate to the learners’ abilities.
• E.g. before being a professional sportsman, you are an amateur and work your way
up to improvement. Training and instruction at amateur level is different from
professional level.
⚪ Determining learner differences and usage of a variety of teaching strategies
• To accommodate different learners in learning one needs to determine learners’
different interests, learning styles, existing knowledge, level of development and
how each learner learns best.
• By varying teaching strategies different learning styles are accommodated.
• E.g. one can mediate learning by varying direct teaching with inquiry-based learning
etc.
• By using various teaching strategies it is ensured that learners occasionally learn in a
way that is in line with their own learning style.
• Learners become acquainted with learning strategies differing from their own, but
which can be used in learning other activities.
⚪ Adapting content
• One can adapt and vary necessary content for learning to suit different learners’
needs.
7
• E.g. grouping together learners from the same culture group and provide them with
a topic that is of particular interest to them.
⚪ Varying tasks
• Tasks can be set at different levels of complexity to accommodate the different
levels of development of learners.
• E.g. give learners a visual representation, essay, or model to show what they have
learned.
• One should use different teaching strategies to accommodate learner differences
and needs.
• It is important to never assume learners are the same or on the same developmental
levels because they are in the same class.
Conclusion
We explored some teaching strategies and the way in which they can be used in a
classroom. We agree that they must be adaptable to a classroom setting and be used
interchangeably in a multicultural environment. More than one teaching strategy can be
used during a lesson, as well as different teaching methods to support each strategy.
Lessons will be effective if learners needs are suited and development in learners are
achieved.
8
References
1. Nieman MM and Monyai RB. 2006. The Educator as Mediator of Learning. Pretoria: Van
Schaik
2. Nieman MM, Fraser JDC, Tsharane JM and Pienaar GE. 2005. The Educator as Mediator of
Learning. Pretoria: University of South Africa

RELATED

A Parent of a Deaf Child's view on the IEP Process in a school setting

558 words - 3 pages The women I interviewed *****, an American Indian mother of a freshman boy, --------, who was born deaf. -------- used to be completely deaf, however, now after many surgeries, he is hearing but still finds problems with speech and concentration. -------- was born and raised in (City). -------- has had an IEP since he was in First Grade. When asked about an IEP process that ***** thinks would be relevant for my assignment, she wanted to reflect

Use film techniques to create setting and evoke mood in the film To Kill a Mockingbird - Grade 12 - Essay

959 words - 4 pages TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD ESSAY PLAN How does the director, Robert Mulligan, use film techniques to create setting and evoke mood in the film To Kill a Mockingbird? The director, Robert Mulligan, of the film To Kill a Mockingbird, uses film techniques such as the film being in black and white, thus creating an often uncomfortable setting. The monochromatic film allows the audience to see the divisions of segregation between the white and African

in the business about hedge risk analysis - UniSA - assignment

815 words - 4 pages , such as the government policies and trade restrictions, all of them are company can’t not control part and it is easily to make company have big lost. The internal factors may the deficiencies in appraisal of borrowers’ financial position (Spuchľáková, E., Valašková, K. and Adamko, P. 2018)…That why the credit risk also be existed. To mitigate the losses from exchange rate fluctuations, the company would adopt either a cash flow hedge or a fair

Transform a scene in "Blackrock" to prose. - English - assignment

952 words - 4 pages BLACKROCK ASSIGNMENT: SCENE 12 TO PROSE It’s a dark summers day in the town of Blackrock. Figuratively and literally. A storm front comes in from the coast and the town is punished by 100km/h winds. The rain punishes the green grass fresh from the spring just past. The colour from the town has vanished. Houses that used to be painted in bright blues and yellows, now look monotone and dreary. The people are just as downcast. No birds, no cars, no

An Analysis of A Day at School in Kyrgyzstan - IDS 333 - Analysis Assignment

560 words - 3 pages Maya Bellamy Brandi Neal IDS 13 September 2018 Close Reading A Day at School in Kyrgyzstan is a short story that sums up one day, from start to finish, in this particular country. Author, and teacher, Kathryn Hulick expresses her thoughts and emotions while dealing with such strong-willed students. She begins by setting the tone of the writing by describing the time of day as well as the weather. By emphasizing her “gigantic” coat, hat and scarf

HR Management in a Business Context - National College of Ireland. Post Graduate Diploma in HR Management - Assignment

1668 words - 7 pages acquired experience and knowledge of the company that could allow them also to take up a trainer position and therefore be key to implementing training strategies across the company (INSERT SISSON 2001) While their can be limitations as highlighted by (INSERT 24) their can be low levels of literacy among the mature aged workers in the manufacturing industry, however once the correct tools are used, mature workers tended to engage readily and take

Describe a merger or acquisition that has taken place in the last 3 years. - International business - assignment

1496 words - 6 pages American College Dublin Course: Corporate Finance Name: Liam Rogers Student Number: 2065259 Table of contents: · History of companies. · Reasons for the merger. · Reaction of Stakeholders/Competitors. · Finance/ the Deal. · Conclusion/Will this be a success? Assignment: Describe a merger or acquisition that has taken place in the last 3 years. History of Microsoft: Microsoft is a multinational computer technology corporation. The history of

Nature vs Nurture - which plays a major role in shaping what we are today - College/Preschool Degree - Assignment - Book Reflection

556 words - 3 pages ASSIGNMENT # 1 BOOK REFLECTION – NATURE VS NURTURE SUBMITTED BY: SHAZIA BUSHRA CDEV-103-2118 Definitions: Nature: Refers to biological or hereditary information that reflects child development and learning. Nurture: Refers to the day today interactions children encounter in their environment. In my opinion, “Nurture” is the biggest influence on person’s behavior/personality. I can support my argument in the support of nurture through my own

Role of the budget for Nairobi African Market, a local business in Moline Illinois - Liberty University BUSI730 - Assignment

1745 words - 7 pages Running head: REAL WORLD APPLICATION ASSIGNMENT 2 REAL-WORLD APPLICATION PAPER Faith Wanjiku Hansen Real-World Application Assignment 2 Liberty University School of Business 19th July 2019 The Role of a Budget The role of a budget is to ensure that all the plans for resources and acquisitions are provided for and the expectation of the business are met within a said period. A budget is essential because it is essential to a company in analyzing

What really works, showing what qualities are good when running a business in 2019 - MBA - Assignment on article

575 words - 3 pages      Maria Hernandez The Financial Accounting and Standards Board, FASB is an organization that sets down the accounting rules and guidelines that makeup Generally Accepted Accounting Principle, GAAP. The FASB developed the Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts, SFAC, to guide the Board in setting up standards in order to better understand accounting issues. SFAC No.1 explains the primary objectives in financial reporting. The primary

Civics assignment which makes student create a video on the different issues in today's society - Science - poster

718 words - 3 pages Khalsa Community School Grade 10, Civics, CHV20 The Rant Assignment Student Name: ____________________ Date: __________________ K T C A Student Mark Possible Mark 6 8 10 8 Expectations Covered: A2, B1, B3 TASK: · Watch an example of a Rick Mercer Rant · Choose a current, social issue topic (get it approved). This topic needs to be about something that has been reported on frequently in recent months in the media. (i.e. effects of teen

The Night Shift: A Hidden World - Women in Justice - Assignment

937 words - 4 pages Night Shift: The hidden shift Video: Rape on the Night Shift "There's no one to ask for help when certain things happened, and you screamed. No one can hear. And there are certain places where there are no cameras. There's no sound. There's nobody." Erika Morales stated in a documentary called Rape on the Night Shift. A woman should not be afraid to go to work and a woman should never be afraid to of her supervisor. However, that is not always

war dance in Uganda helped educate a children - UMA - Assignment

477 words - 2 pages activity, many probably for the first time. Nearly all were at least scared, many were terrified. The war dance helps to overcome that fear, as well as helps bond with your fellow warriors. That bond is the main thing that will keep you at your post in a battle; you don’t want to fail your comrades. Q. How is tradition linked to a physical place, and why is this notion important?  Is traditional or folk music important in your life? Ans: Every tribe

Soapstone of FDR “A Date That Will Live in Infamy” - English 3 - Assignment

513 words - 3 pages Soapstone 40’s literature Animal Farm by George Orwell Published in 1945 Native Son by Richard Wright Published in 1940 Soapstone Subject: Franklin Delano Roosevelt made an official announcement of what the United States as a whole should do to take action against the Japanese Empire, since they had declared war against us. Throughout the entire speech he makes sure to say “our nation” or “our whole nation”, and he then says “ I believe that I

Analytical Chemist assignment, describe a chemistry related career that youd be interested in - Chemistry - Essay

527 words - 3 pages Analytical chemists perform controlled experiments to determine accurate investigations on the composition of natural and artificial chemicals. Not only that, they also play a critical role in the measurement of substances such as drugs in the medicine field. They do this by utilizing various types of equipment to collect data by sorting, examining, and classifying different substances. For this profession, there are many everyday