Terrorism And The Different Strategies Terrorism 365 Essay

1419 words - 6 pages

Nicole Albornoz
Professor Yordan
Wednesday, April 4, 2018
Same Religion, Different Ideology: Strategic vs. Universal/Abstract
It is a mistake to categorize all Islamist terrorist organizations in the same bracket. In James Piazza’s article, “Is Islamist Terrorism More Dangerous?”, Piazza writes about the rising accounts of lethality of terrorist attacks in the contemporary world. Piazza’s study tests a hypothesis that Islamist groups that don’t affiliate with al-Qaeda are not more likely to commit high casualty terrorist attacks than other type of terrorist groups like Hamas. This is because terrorist organizations like al-Qaeda have a typology defined as “universal/abstract” while other Islamist terrorist groups, again, like Hamas are categorized as being “strategic” (Piazza 65). Islamist terrorist groups differentiate through their goal structure which determines the audience they are targeting and the lethality of their tactics against their adversaries.
“Strategic” groups tend to have tangible set of goals like liberating an occupied territory, the creation of a mono-ethnic state, or the overthrow of a regime. These groups have a defined targeted audience and have to maintain public approval because it is critical to the success of the struggle. So, strategic groups attacks are meant to undermine the regime and further push their political agenda which is why high-casualty attacks are risky because of the possibility of generating public backlash. Strategic terrorist groups like Hamas have a higher attack rate with a lower casualty per attack rate because of their concrete goals. “Universal/abstract” groups goals can be described as abstract and complex because it is driven by ideology. They tend to declare war on the political status-quos, Western culture, and even whole societies. Universal/abstract groups create this intangible enemy that tends to attract a larger pool of supporters, often transnational, whom are less concerned with immediate change. Unlike strategic groups, universal/abstract groups do not have to deal with angering their target audiences because of their goals rather they are more inclined to have less attacks but with a high casualty attacks to demonstrate the seriousness of their group and message (Piazza 65-6). This paper argues that due to the differentiating goals; strategic Islamic groups, like Hamas, lethality rate is substantially less then the universal/abstract groups like al-Qaeda.
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has been an ongoing conflict for decades with no solution in sight. The Arab revolt against the Balfour Declaration, a British mandate that states its intent to create a Jewish homeland inside Palestinian territory, to then the partitions into separating the two states, to all the Arab-Israeli wars helped culminate the possibility of a national-separatist Islamic group. Hamas, an acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, was created to establish an Islamic society in historic Palest...


Historical transition from Feudalism to the modern day - Humber/War and Terrorism - Essay

513 words - 3 pages Joven Vergara N01232469 Q: Critically discuss the historical transition from Feudalism to the modern day, including references to the renaissance, the Reformation, and the Scientific Revolution. Explain at least three ways in which the global landscape has changed or was different by the end of the early modern era. Feudalism was a type of government that preceded before our modern system. During this period the most powerful persons are the

Terrorism And Its Effects On The United States

468 words - 2 pages Over the past Century, terrorism has evolved from random killings to massive plans for terrorist groups. From the Trade Center bombing, to the September 11th attack in 2002, the United States had endured more than enough of its share of terrorism, and to this day continues to suffer.The first real wake-up call occurred on February 26, 1993. The main conspirator, Ramzi Yousef, was first discovered with partner Abu Barra under fake passports

The Threat Of Terrorism For Australia

1675 words - 7 pages Terrorism can be defined in many ways. In the context of this essay, terrorism is defined as the calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to evoke extreme fear in the community or to intimidate governments in the pursuit of political goals.POST-MODERN TERRORISMWith the decline of communism, terrorist groups, which promoted leftist ideologies, have increasingly been isolated and lacking popular support. Left wing and anarchist

Terrorism in the eyes of statistics - Loyola Marymount University - Assignment

593 words - 3 pages dramatic spike in 2001 with terrorism along with 1985. We see that 2015 the graph is still rising with terrorism and from 2001 after 911 to now there was a steady decline in terrorism in America. The key patterned noticed with the first and second graph is the spikes we see in the graphs are broken down and explain the terror event that took place. We see in the final graph many Middle Eastern countries and African countries deal with terrorism on a

Why terrrorist's attack the innocent - terrorism class - terrorsim class paper

1014 words - 5 pages Why The Innocent? What makes terrorism hard to classify is due to the fact most countries have their own definition and classification of the word. Terrorism is defined by the FBI as “Perpetrated by individuals and/or groups inspired by or associated with primarily U.S.-based movements that espouse extremist ideologies of a political, religious, social, racial, or environmental nature.” (FBI) Compared to the United Nations definition. Which is

Malala And Rhetorical Strategies - English 102 - Essay

1422 words - 6 pages Free Malala Analysis of Rhetorical Style Almost seventy million youngsters around the globe today can't get an essential instruction, the greater part are young ladies. Malala Yousafzai utilizes different logical tools, for example, repetition, poignancy, and logos to connect her objectives for the duration of her life and connect with the general population and go to bat for the privileges of young ladies that aren’t able to raise their voice. All

Explaining Rhetorical Strategies From The Krakauer And Sacks Readings

1488 words - 6 pages In Jon Krakauer’s “Selections of Into the Wild” and Oliver Sacks’ “The Mind’s Eye,” the writers research and write about the lives of individuals who seek and experience the world differently from the way many people do and who may even be said to confront a different reality. Krakauer’s argument is one of Chris McCandless’ trying time to “find” himself and during that time he discovers the

Strategies of increasing happiness - alexander college and 100 - essay

1377 words - 6 pages Free . But many people struggle to make happening of happiness possible in their lives. As the definition of happiness vary person to person. Many people have an unclear and blurry visions of the routes to the happiness. It happens because of their incorrect assumptions of the ways of earning satisfaction. It is important to recognize the activities leading to happiness. In the essay I will be talking about the strategies to increase happiness in daily

Compare the different documents used in the selection and recruitment process of a organisation - Newvic - Essay

1713 words - 7 pages M1: Compare the purposes of the different documents used in the selection and recruitment process of a given organisation. In this task, I will be comparing the purposes of the different documents used in the selection process of a given organisation. During the process of recruitment and selection, there were many documents used and analysed during this time. The documents used during this process were a job description, a job advert, a person

The Creation of the Musical Canon and Different Artists' Responses to It - Music 15 - Essay

1321 words - 6 pages , such as Johannes Brahms, Aaron Copland and John Cage, whose works can be seen as three different responses to the idea of this musical canon. The musical canon is the idea of a “list of works considered to be permanently established as being of the highest quality (Michaels)”. The canon began to emerge mid- to the late nineteenth century when there was a predominance of virtuosic composer-performers producing at the time. Until approximately the

Compare and contrast on a reading about views of birds, with the use of rhetorical strategies. - Virtual AP Language and Composition - Compare and Contrast Essay

571 words - 3 pages Throughout both passages many flocks of birds are seen, the observers said they came and came. The observers watched the birds for countless hours, while writing down what they saw and felt. While both observed their beauty and they way they flew perfected and together, they had different ideas about the purpose of what the birds meant to them. Observer Audubon and Dillard noted how geometrically beautiful the birds were and the flocks they flew

racism in the different region - class - essay

1487 words - 6 pages different times in the life course, at different levels (e.g., individual, household, neighborhood), and via different pathways. SES are strongly patterned by race. Asians, a group heavily made up of immigrants, have a high SES profile. Levels of college graduation are almost twice as high for Whites compared with those of Blacks and Hispanics. Other data reveal that Pacific Islanders (15%) and American Indian/ Alaskan Natives (13%) also have

The different types of ideas in "The Necklace" and "The Joy Luck Club" - English 1 honors - Essay

871 words - 4 pages We all can accede when I say that we all have dreams. Despite this being true, the difference is the way we realise our dream, acquire our dream, and how our dream affects us. People have different dreams and aspirations that they aspire to accomplish during their lifetime. This is defined as the longing or desire for a condition or achievement. Dreams contain both positive and negative aspects. This is evident in the stories, “The Joy Luck Club

power and politics, it speaks of the different forms of power in the political system - varsity - Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Free means mindful of. Steven Lukes, characterizes Power as far as, what he calls 'Dimensions', these Dimensions are approaches that can be utilized to think about power relations and the theory of power as a whole. Steven Lukes argued that in order to properly understand the theory of power one must recognize the three dimensions of power, this essay will critically discuss this argument. The concept of power is ambiguous, and to this day it continues

Geography lesson on costal erosion and costal management strategies - History - Essay

420 words - 2 pages – – – – – – – – – – Geography Essay Introduction Longshore drift Groynes, beach nourishment (management) Spits, Tombolo, bars (Landforms) Constructive waves Costal Erosion destructive waves hydraulic action, abrasion, attrition, corrosion headlands - crack, cave, arch, stack and stump (Landforms) Sea wall, offshore breakwater(rock pool), beach nourishment (management) Sand Dunes dune nourishment (fences, signs, planting vegetations, broad-walk