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The Changes In The Dutch Society (Especially Multicultural) Since 1945

756 words - 4 pages

Hoe ingrijpend is Nederland veranderd sinds 1945Na de feestvreugde van de bevrijding stond de Nederlandse bevolking de zware taak van de wederopbouw te wachten. In de oorlog was het land zwaar beschadigd. Het openbaar vervoer werkte niet meer , installaties en machines van bedrijven waren grotendeels geroofd en brandstof , kleding en levensmiddelen waren schaars.De wederopbouw verliep de wederopbouw in de jaren na de oorlog voorspoedig mede dankzij de Amerikaanse financiële steun (Marshallhulp). Om deze wederopbouw te bewerkstelligen was het noodzakelijk voor Nederland dat de bevolking samenwerkte. Hieruit ontstond de voor de oorlog onmogelijke rooms-rode coalitie. Deze rooms-rode ...view middle of the document...

Mensen hadden voor het eerst geld om luxe-artikelen te kopen.In de loop van de jaren zestig hadden veel gezinnen een auto. Ook kreeg men meer vrije tijd :in 1966 werd de vrije zaterdag ingevoerd.Door de economische bloei werd de vraag naar geschoold personeel hoger. Met de opbouw van de verzorgingsstaat kwamen er daarom ook betere opleidingsmogelijkheden en studiebeurzen.Het werd normaal dat kinderen van arbeiders naar de middelbare school en zelfs naar de universiteit gingen.Naarmate de mensen beter werden opgeleid werd ook de vraag om inspraak groter.Voor de jaren vijftig was de invloed van de kerk op het dagelijks leven groot. Maar toen in de jaren vijftig de welvaart toenam gingen steeds minder mensen naar de kerk . Ook de afhankelijkheid van de eigen zuil werd steeds minder door de verzorgingsstaat. De komst van de televisie stimuleerde de ontzuiling doordat mensen kennis maakten met de normen en waarden van andere zuilen.De generaties die net na de oorlog het land weer hadden opgebouwd , waren gewend aan discipline en trouw aan het gezag van de kerk en de overheid. De jongeren die in een tijd van economische bloei opgroeiden zetten zich tegen al die braafheid en saaiheid af. Door te luisteren naar andere...

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