The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention
This theory is actually an extension of an already established theory with the name of Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention. The basic postulates of this theory outline that no two countries will probably engage into war if they are part of the major supply chain. Friedman presented the example of Dell because it runs one of the major global supply chain networks in the world.
This theory basically outlines that due to economic inter-dependence of the countries with each other, it is hardly a chance that these countries will actually engage into war. Global organizations maintain a diversified and well-oiled supply chain in order to ensure a constant and cheap supply of essential raw materials required to complete the finished goods. As such organizations having economic interests in such countries which are part of such supply chain therefore may not engage into war with each other. (Friedman)
Friedman therefore argued that countries do not just want to upgrade the living standards of their citizens but rather want to create a critical mass of labor forces created mainly due to the overall process of globalization. As such, the smaller and developing countries will not wish to risk the trust of the global companies due to whom these countries have actually became part of the global economy. War will therefore reduce the importance and role of such countries in the global trade and resultantly such countries will suffer if they become part of any conflict in the shape of war or other conflicts.
William J Duiker
William J Duiker, while citing different examples, outlines that the future of the Western values and systems including that of globalization as well as the industrialization may not be assumed safe. He argues that much has happened during 20th century which has created a different and rather complex fragmented world. By citing the example of Middle East, he argues that Western values of liberal democracy may be under direct threat and as such Western countries may not be able to ensure that its values can be globalized too along with its trade. This argument therefore clearly outlines a trend suggesting that globalization as a trend may not be successful in longer run. Issues like Human Rights are now being considered as issues which should not be actually dictated by the powerful of the...