The Dust Bowl Essay

1520 words - 7 pages

The Dust BowlThe Dust Bowl was one of the worst droughts in history. It took place from 1929-1940 and then from 1946-1956. It affected Oklahoma, the Texas Panhandle, and sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico. The tremendous weather ruined many farmers' crops, people's lives, it caused people to migrate to other areas and during this time the depression was going on which hurt the economy.The Dust Bowl took place during the Great Depression while the economy was bad. Many people were out of jobs, money and food. Many of the businesses went bankrupt for reasons such as shortage of supplies and the cost to run things. Even though many farmers did not invest in stock market, the people ...view middle of the document...

Hundreds of millions of tons of soil blew during these storms. To solve these problems the farmers were told to leave their best land and let wild grasses grow on it because it would anchor the soil and prevent the sand and dust from flying all over. Farmers also planted trees and grass; they then plowed in contour patterns to hold rain water. After 1935 the dust storms became more routine and the people learned how to prevent damage and how to take precautions for their health and their property. Many farmers did not stay to hear the helpful information that were given left their land, and when they did so they were called "Exodusters"(Dust Bowl).The migration from the dust storms played a big part in the Dust Bowl. It was said to be the greatest migration in history. Many people migrated but the state that had the most people leave was Oklahoma. The Oklahoma people generally migrated to California and were called Okies. The Okies lived in homesteads in which many generations of progenitors lived without electric or any technology. After the Okies moved California got extremely crowded and the Californian people started complaining that the Okies took up to much space. Since more people were placed in jobs the wages became too low, there were many sanitation problems, and the schools became overcrowded. Despite all of the Okies troubles they still considered themselves land proprietors. The Okies did not want to stay in California because, that as not home to them and they wanted their land back that they always have farmed.Water resources and planning by the government helped bring back the moisture to the west. The Colorado River played a big part in bringing this water to farms. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) one of the agency groups set up by the New Deal helped to build dams and take electricity to rural areas to help the victims keep an upbeat life and make it a little easier for them. In 1937 people started using soil conservation because they wanted their land to stay fertile and when it would rain they wanted to grow the best crops out of any of the other farmers. In 1939 the rain started to fall again. The rain continued through the 1990's getting us out of the Dust Bowl.The depression was a great time for the government to prove itself and create jobs and set laws that would help the people. Although, the government did not know if they should lower prices, or make them higher. The government and other agencies decided to pay the farmers to give up their land and take advice from them. The farmers were reluctant and most of them said no and kept their land. In the long run the farmers who first said no ended up leaving their land anyway. The government also tried to help to solve the drought problem for the Dust Bowl. They set up the New Deal program, which created jobs to keep people motivated, agencies to help relieve the people of drought and depression. They also created the soil conservation service, and a flood control...

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