Assignment On The Dust Bowl

1520 words - 7 pages

The Dust BowlThe Dust Bowl was one of the worst droughts in history. It took place from 1929-1940 and then from 1946-1956. It affected Oklahoma, the Texas Panhandle, and sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico. The tremendous weather ruined many farmers' crops, people's lives, it caused people to migrate to other areas and during this time the depression was going on which hurt the economy.The Dust Bowl took place during the Great Depression while the economy was bad. Many people were out of jobs, money and food. Many of the businesses went bankrupt for reasons such as shortage of supplies and the cost to run things. Even though many farmers did not invest in stock market, the people who did were the consumers of their products. With no buyers of the farm produce and the crops not growing because of the water loss, the farmers had no income and no food to eat. These droughts affected 150,000 square miles of land which caused many people to move to leave their home(Starr).The farmers were affected the most by these tremendous droughts. All of the farmers' crops were ruined and their cattle were being killed one by one by starvation, and some farmers had to kill their cattle for food, and because they had no food to feed them. Once the cattle started to die the farmers were out of produce and meat to eat, and the little meat and crops they had to sell was being ruined by the sand storms. These sands storms were started by wind picking up loose top soil and swirling it around in the air, while it created dust clouds called "Black Blizzards" (Dust Bowl). It actually hurt to breathe because the dust penetrated everything. Young children and older people had the hardest time to breathe during these storms, and the rising temperatures did not help. In 1934 the temperature was over one hundred degrees for 36 consecutive days. The worst year for the farmers was 1935 that year the dust storms were the harshest. Hundreds of millions of tons of soil blew during these storms. To solve these problems the farmers were told to leave their best land and let wild grasses grow on it because it would anchor the soil and prevent the sand and dust from flying all over. Farmers also planted trees and grass; they then plowed in contour patterns to hold rain water. After 1935 the dust storms became more routine and the people learned how to prevent damage and how to take precautions for their health and their property. Many farmers did not stay to hear the helpful information that were given left their land, and when they did so they were called "Exodusters"(Dust Bowl).The migration from the dust storms played a big part in the Dust Bowl. It was said to be the greatest migration in history. Many people migrated but the state that had the most people leave was Oklahoma. The Oklahoma people generally migrated to California and were called Okies. The Okies lived in homesteads in which many generations of progenitors lived without electric or any technology. After the Okies moved California got extremely crowded and the Californian people started complaining that the Okies took up to much space. Since more people were placed in jobs the wages became too low, there were many sanitation problems, and the schools became overcrowded. Despite all of the Okies troubles they still considered themselves land proprietors. The Okies did not want to stay in California because, that as not home to them and they wanted their land back that they always have farmed.Water resources and planning by the government helped bring back the moisture to the west. The Colorado River played a big part in bringing this water to farms. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) one of the agency groups set up by the New Deal helped to build dams and take electricity to rural areas to help the victims keep an upbeat life and make it a little easier for them. In 1937 people started using soil conservation because they wanted their land to stay fertile and when it would rain they wanted to grow the best crops out of any of the other farmers. In 1939 the rain started to fall again. The rain continued through the 1990's getting us out of the Dust Bowl.The depression was a great time for the government to prove itself and create jobs and set laws that would help the people. Although, the government did not know if they should lower prices, or make them higher. The government and other agencies decided to pay the farmers to give up their land and take advice from them. The farmers were reluctant and most of them said no and kept their land. In the long run the farmers who first said no ended up leaving their land anyway. The government also tried to help to solve the drought problem for the Dust Bowl. They set up the New Deal program, which created jobs to keep people motivated, agencies to help relieve the people of drought and depression. They also created the soil conservation service, and a flood control service. Some of there other programs were the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the (TVA) this provided 2.5 million young men with jobs (Burg 116). The government knew that the only way to get out of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl was to set laws and examples for the people. There were 3 laws passed to help bring the moisture back to the Great Plains. One of the laws was that you could not plow until spring so the soil would be compacted together. Strip cropping was another law passed. It involved contour plows and hay in the fields to hold the soil together. You also had to help soil conservation by saving as much moisture as you could and keeping the minerals in the soil.The government employed artist, musicians, writers, photographers, and dancers in new programs to get people in to jobs. Therefore the culture of the Dust Bowl time was very widespread from plays to songs and photographs. There were ninety eight photographers for the Farmers Service Agency (FSA) first was Walter Evans then Dorthea Lange. Dorthea Lange was the most popular photographer because she photographed people and how they lived(Cook). Many of her photographs are world famous and she is known to capture the tortured and depressed looks on their faces. During this time the FSA's job was to inform people of the victims of the Dust Bowl. They tried to help the people who lost a lot in the Dust Bowl. Many photos were taken during this time of the Dust Bowl. An estimated one hundred seven thousand black and white photos and one hundred sixty four thousand black and white negatives also one thousand six hundred ten color transparencies (Linda). The office of war information hired people to document what was going on, and how the people were handling all the events that were going on and how they were copping with the drought and depression. Another important person was Woody Guthrie who was a refugee in the Dust Bowl sang ballads about what was going on. He was known as one of the best singers of all time. A famous author during the Dust Bowl years was John Steinbeck who wrote "The Grapes of Wraith", "Tortilla Flat", "Of Mice and Men", and "In Dubious Battle" all of which were about the people of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl(Joseph F).All of these aspects played a big role in the recovery of the Great Plains. The storms went on until 1941. During the next couple of years everyone finally got the moisture they needed and the drought was over. Dorthea Lange, Woody Guthrie, and Walter Evans made a big impact by being influences to those who thought they could not survive. The crops and the farmers recovered and the Great Plains finally got a break; and even though all the dead cattle and lives that were lost in the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl was a great tragedy, our economy and the lives of millions moved on. The droughts of the Dust Bowl were close to the worst if not the worst droughts ever to take place in the history of our nation. The economy, crops, government, and the people of our nation were down but they did not give up. They made a good effort in stopping the tremendous weather and unfortunate events that happened during the Dust Bowl era. They rebuilt what was ruined and got on with their lives with higher spirits than ever.


A research paper on the dust bowl - College prep English - Research paper

986 words - 4 pages The Dust Bowl Dean Richter Mrs. Frye College Preparatory English B May 10th 2019 The dust bowl is an all-encompassing term describing the degradation and erosion of the soil in the great planes. During the 1920s people flocked to the great planes for free land and farming opportunities never had before. This lead to over farming and severe drought across the land. The causes of the dust bowl, some of the greatest storms and their aftermath, and

The Dust Bowl based on a document-based question - History - DBQ

772 words - 4 pages What caused the Dust Bowl? Imagine a world where all you can breathe is dust, the air that gave you life is now out to kill you. The dust bowl was one unimaginable and tragic event bringing with it disastrous effects and force. The people of Stratford, Texas thought of it as any other dust storm but poor people, they wish they had known it was as deadly as to causing them to leave their homes. Many causes were known of the Dust Bowl but what was

Great Depression How it affected America - US History - Essay

1019 words - 5 pages dry spell that made the 1930s Great Plains Dust Bowl greatened the harm. The administration itself was woefully squeezed for money at all levels as duty incomes fell; and the legislature amid this period was more constrained in its capacity to react to financial emergencies than it is today. The universal structure of world exchange likewise fallen, and every country looked to ensure its own particular modern construct by forcing high levies in

Chapter 1: History of Canada notes - Social studies - Notes

893 words - 4 pages bridges, canals, and Railways · Two submarines were purchased from the US to protect BC’s coastline · In the beginning the war effort was largely dependent on volunteers (1915-1916) · Order industries profited from war (‘profiteering’) by producing supplies to help other countries · Canadian wheat farmers were feeding the war, so they began to plant unsuitable soil which caused “dust bowl” conditions and contributed to the 1930’s depression

Nabokov's Interpretation Of The Metamorphosis

1548 words - 7 pages to feed him "...a bowl filled with fresh milk, in which small slices of white bread were floating" (Kafka 814) as if this might cure his illness. The family never goes out of their way to seek help for Gregor. Nabokov criticizes the family's reaction, their "... son and brother [is] plunged into a monstrous change that should have sent them scuttling out into the streets for help with shrieks and tears, in wild compassion - but here they are

Patterns of settlement in West African Civilizations

4982 words - 20 pages decorated with gold, and on his right are the sons of the subordinate kings of his country, all wearing splendid garments and their hair mixed with gold. . . . When the people professing the same religion as the king approach him, they fall on their knees and sprinkle their heads with dust, for this is their way of showing him their respect. As for the Muslims, they greet him only by clapping their hands. IN THEIR OWN WORDS . . . Africa 17 religious

Levels Of Planning

1770 words - 8 pages Planning and organizing in respect to Wells Fargo is essential to the success of the company. The vision of Wells Fargo Bank is to move to the next stage going from "good to great," ( The organization has constantly reinvented itself through the years by creating new departments, products, services and new positions. The changes that have been made to the organization have been instrumental in the success of the company. Planning

Sun Life Case

7990 words - 32 pages Table of contents1: Summary 22: Main Contents of the report 3-202.1: Introduction 32.2: Problem and the followed procedure 42.3: Sun Life Financial from strategic managerial viewpoints 42.3.1: Sun Life Financial's strategic logic 62.3.2: SWOT analysis 102.3.3: PEST analysis 132.3.4: The attractiveness of the Chinese insurance market 172.3.5: Strategies and city choice 183: Results, conclusions and recommendations 224: Bibliography 231

This essay explains why it might be hard for parents to bring up children in the Christian faith

512 words - 3 pages In order to answer this question we must firstly look at what is done at the birth of the child. If they are baptised as a baby, they clearly include no opinion in the situation. If this child doesn't believe in this faith there will be obvious rise against this as they get older and realise what it means.Furthermore, a particularly social child who is busy quite a lot of the time may find it hard to go to Church when they are supposed to and

Vpost: Case Study

436 words - 2 pages V-post has the ability to substantially improve its profit margin, but it may difficult to realize that with the insight from Singpost, it can and will happen overnight. V-post is currently selling maximum range of approximately million bucks value of goods each day. As V-post faces many intense pressures to be more and more competitive and to increase profitability, a new perspective must be directed to the reduction and control of expenses

Bhopal Gas Tragedy

1749 words - 7 pages Disasters happen when multinational corporations though having enormous resources tend to look the other side when most of the people are uneducated and their governments do not care for them and their safety and laws are usually bent if not broken by the corporations for their benefit.On the night at around 1 a.m. on Monday, December 3, 1984, when most of the people were at home sleeping, a deadly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas leaked out

Standardized Tests: Helpful Or Harmful?

2147 words - 9 pages Before entering the "real" world and making decisions about careers and life, there is one major decision one is faced with. The question of which institution will best fit their needs to prepare them for life. There are several choices to choose from. From Ivy League Schools to State Schools as well as Historically Black Colleges and Universities the list goes on and on. These schools are viewed in society on a scale. Ivy League Schools are

American History

371 words - 2 pages Throughout American history, the development of plantations (farms) in the American colonies arrived as immigrants arrived in small farms. The American people settled on the land west of the Mississippi for many diverse reasons. As the years went, by the profit and demand for crops such as tobacco grew larger. At that time, large plantation could had over 400 acres of fields growing anything from tobacco to maize and sugarcane(in the south), as

"Love In The Time Of Cholera" By Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Stylistic Analysis

815 words - 4 pages The author uses from the first person point of view. This is viewed in the first person because the author uses pronouns such as "we" and "my" in the story. To have pronouns such as "we" and "my" is the definition of first person narrators. An example of this can be seen through the following phrase:"My mother is not an inventive or convincing liar, and the excuses which occur to her are obviously second rate."We know that the narrator is

Albinism: Characteristics And Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

355 words - 2 pages Characteristics and symptomsThe characteristics and symptoms of albinism are:- very light skin color- blondish-white colored hair- visual impairments that require glasses- tendency to sunburn easily,- hearing impairments- blood-clotting problems- red/pink eyes- Low Vision- Sensitivity to bright light and glare- involuntary eye movements- "Slowness to see" in infancy- Inability of the eyes to work togetherThese are all symptoms of albinos but an