Globalization is described as the "process by which social life within societies is increasingly affected by international influences based on everything from political and trade ties to shared music, clothing styles, and mass media" (Johnson, 2000, p. 135). It has allowed goods to be traded worldwide, and some even to be available in many other nations. Globalization has lead to an expand of exchanging ideas and ideologies. All of this has led to nations becoming more uniform and their cultures are now more alike in a sense. Also, because of the huge advancement in technology, instant communication between nations is possible. Whether not globalization is good for societies is very debatable.
The Different Perspectives
Many people may say that globalization is good, while others disagree. Some tend to believe that it betters societies, while others think it's not such a good thing. The people who support it, would say that globalization helped to make free trade possible. Companies all over the world are now able to trade with each other. Without this, Americans would not be able to have the many goods that come from places overseas, such as China. Essentially there's a consumer and economy benefit. Now that these products from overseas are available to countries such as, the United States of America, consumers now have a wide variety of choices to choose from. When companies have more access to selling their products to wholesale retailers worldwide instead of just locally or nationally, it causes the competition between companies to lower. Some countries have the benefit of having resources that other countries may not have. For example, a country that is rich in oil, can export their oil to another country who may not. Globalization is the reason why this is possible. Not only does globalization benefit goods, but also workers. People can move throughout the world with their services and skills, to places that are on higher demand. For instance, if a nation is struggling in their number of doctors, it is easy to import someone from another country to come in and fulfill that space. This lowered the gap in labor shortage. Also, by the such increase of technology, people can now be trained via Internet and are able to work overseas without being present.
On the other hand, some people believe globalization is not a benefit to societies. Many developed countries benefit from it, while smaller, less developed countries don't. "Globalization encourages free trade, which does not provide a developing nation with the protection that they need in order to grow." (Occupy Theory, 2014). The more advanced, developed countries are benefiting from the trade more. These less developed countries often take a loss. Big companies are seeking personal gain. When these companies trade with countries that are outside of their own, sometimes they exploit certain taxes and this causes the country to lose out on tons of tax money. Often, they take advant...