The Egg And The Sperm Essay

1663 words - 7 pages

The Egg and The Sperm : How science has contracted based on stereotypical male and female roles oleh Emily MartinEmily Martin menyadari bahwa gambaran telur dan sperma diambil dalam rekening populer serta ilmiah biologi reproduksi bergantung pada stereotip pusat budaya kita definisi pria dan wanita. Stereotip menyiratkan tidak hanya itu Bagian dari artikel ini disajikan sebagai 1987 Becker Kuliah, Cornell University.Dalam kegiatan penelitian, gambar telur dan sperma diambil dalam rekening populer serta ilmiah biologi reproduksi bergantung pada stereotip pusat definisi budaya kita laki-laki dan perempuan. Para steroeotypes menyiratkan tidak hanya bahwa proses biologis perempuan kurang layak ...view middle of the document...

Menstruasi , di sisi lain , adalah dipahami dengan baik dan benar-benar biasa.Tapi untuk beberapa alasan fakta mengganggunya :Tulisan ini menunjukkan hal yang kontras antara pria dan wanita : . Laki-laki , yang terus memproduksi sel benih segar , dan perempuan , yang telah ditimbun oleh sel-sel germinal kelahiran dan dihadapkan dengan degenerasi mereka "Martin , tidak satu untuk hanya mengkritik , memiliki solusi , meskipun untuk menghindari konotasi negatif bahwa beberapa orang mengasosiasikan dengan sistem reproduksi wanita , para ilmuwan bisa mulai untuk menggambarkan proses pria dan wanita sebagai homolog . Mereka mungkin wanita kredit dengan " memproduksi "dewasa ova satu per satu , karena mereka dibutuhkan setiap bulan , dan menggambarkan laki-laki sebagai memiliki menghadapi masalah sel germinal merosot . "Jadi dengan kata lain , kita harus menggambarkan fakta biologis untuk reproduksi bias terhadap perempuan bukan laki-laki .Teks-teks menyatakan produksi sperma karena terus-menerus dari pubertas sampai penuaan , sementara mereka menggambarkan produksi telur sebagai inferior karena selesai saat lahir.Selama 40 tahun atau lebih kehidupan reproduksi wanita , hanya 400 sampai 500 telur akan telah dirilis. Hal ini dikatakan sebagai " limbah" . Tapi ' limbah ' kata menyiratkan kelebihan , terlalu banyak diproduksi . Asumsi dua atau tiga anak , untuk setiap bayi seorang wanita menghasilkan limbah dia hanya sekitar dua ratus telur. Untuk setiap bayi laki-laki memproduksi , ia limbah lebih dari satu triliun sperma . "Mereka tidak melihat telur / sperma untuk rasio bayi yang sebenarnya , mereka sedang melihat telur / sperma untuk " kegunaan potensial " rasio . Telur yang tidak dirilis dan merosot di ovarium sama sekali tidak menggunakan apapun: ada tidak ada kesempatan bahwa mereka akan dibuahi dan menjadi manusia . Setiap sperma , di sisi lain , bisa membuahi sel telur . Ini tidak berarti akan namun masing-masing berpotensi berguna . Tidak seperti telur yang mati dalam ovarium .Artikel ini bukan tentang bagaimana ahli biologi dipengaruhi oleh budaya kita untuk membuat telur / sperma narasi yang bias terhadap perempuan , melainkan bagaimana feminis militan dipengaruhi oleh feminisme untuk melihat kebencian terhadap wanita di mana-mana .Sel telur dipandang sebagai besar dan pasif . Ini tidak bergerak atau perjalanan tapi pasif diangkut adalah menyapu atau bahkan melayang di sepanjang tuba falopi . Sebaliknya sperma kecil , efisien, dan selalu aktif.Kau tahu, hal yang mengganggu saya lebih dari fakta sederhana bahwa mungkin ini adalah karena sperma motil sebenarnya sementara telur tidak memiliki cara untuk mendorong diri mereka di mana saja adalah semua tambahan berguna .Telur juga pasif , yang berarti harus tergantung pada sperma untuk penyelamatan Gerald Schatten dan Helen Schatten menyamakan peran telur dengan yang Sleeping Beauty : Pengantin aktif menunggu ciuman ajaib pasangannya , yang menanamkan semangat yang membawa dia untuk hidup .Bagian...

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