Nowadays, there is a great number of people who die while awaiting a lifesaving organ transplant. Lack of donation is ongoing and the number of patients around the world who need organ transplants has increased steadily over the year. In contrast, the donation rate both from living and decreased organ donors is extremely low. The desperate situation has spurred various searches for solutions. British Medical Association (BMA) suggests adopting presumed consent to increase the organ supply (Does an opt-out system increase transplant 2017). In present year, this system is spread in Wales ; as a result, it decreased the number of organ transplants from 214 to 187(Does an opt-out system increase transplant 2017). It is clear that this way is not succeeding in some countries, Wales for instance . Then, Gavin Carney has proposed to pay compensation to increase the availability of organs for transplant (The gap between supply and demand 2008). Therefore, the financial incentives seem to be a reasonable solution in order to encourage organ donors.
Firstly, the financial compensation can boost the supply of organs, helping to solve the national shortage. According to the research study by Thomas G. Peters, a group of Americans who were reluctant to be living kidney donors changed their minds due to the money they were being offered. To clarify this result, 9 percent refused to donate in the first time. Then, the compensation was involved ; consequently, now 26 percent of whom would rethink (Cha 2016). Similarly, the survey showed that there was almost a quarter of Canadians’ acceptations about getting paid for deceased donors, but the number decreased when they were asked for living kidney donations, according to the the Libin Cardiovascular and the University of Calgary research (Cash incentives for organ donations could boost numbers: study 2012). However, some oppose payment for organ donation in that it somehow violates human dignity or the integrity of the body. To sum up, offering money incentives would affect human’s thinking to become donors.
Secondly, paid organ donation would end the existing black market. A report by the World Health Organization (WHO) has found that more than 10,000 organs sold in black market in 2010 (Samadi 2012). Problematically, poor people within developing countries are often the ones selling organs, especially kidneys, through the black market, while the brokers are beneficiary (Samadi 2012). In addition, untested organs sold through black markets could lead to transmission of diseases like hepatitis B or HIV (Samadi 2012). Bringing the market into the open is the best way to ensure the trade's appropriate activity. Since the legal prices for trading is set minimum so that sellers are not exploited or defrauded(Cherry 2005, p.20). Moreover, regulated markets would not have these dismal effects on vendors and recipients. Furthermore, the open market in organs would eliminate queuing time because of enough available...