Dynamic Equilibrium is a continual state of balance change, the product of the interrelationship of the elements
CORAL REEFS marine structures created by calcifying coral animals and their algal symbioses which contain a vast, complex ecosystem How Much Are the World's Ecosystems worth? ARTICLE Carl Zimmer from the New York Times "coral reefs, for instance, have proved to be much more important for storm protection thant previously recognise" "they also protect against soil erosion by weakening waves before they reach land." BIOGEOGRAPHYCIAL SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIPS CORAL POLYPS It needs a narrow band to survive Most coral reefs are susceptible to changes in their ecosystem Brain coral - they grow slowly they are very effected by climate change brain corals - they are static species, they release sperm and gamates, they float around the water and grow onto a different spaces Corals are classified as animas Strong symbiotic relationship between coral and algae Symbiotic - mutually dependant Living inside the polyp is zooxanthellae - a type of algae They photosynthesis and give the coral colour and feed themselves They also use the waste from the coral to feed themselves, They sugars from zooxanthele and eat its - Mutual food relationship Zoo need sunlight, when sediments are washes down and high turbidity or nutrients exp nitrogen and phosphate are washed down leads to eutrophication They need clear water, temperature level, Polyp takes in dissoved minerals and takes the nutritents Poly eventual builds its structure but the skelton of its body Oxygen sugars and fats from zoo 95 percent of the food given to the coral Nematocysts - the tentacles of the polyps, Polys have a coating of mucus, trapping foods in it Some polyps can share nutrients with others SYMBOISIS Coral reefs are based on a tight recycling of nutrients, coral, tiny plants and animals lie together in a symbiotic relationship that conserves key nutrients quite effectively, Algae (zoo) living inside the tissues of the polyp host harness energy from the sunlight and fix carbon by photosynthesis. Energy from this is provided to the host in return for exclusive access to the waste nutrients of the host. These wastes of nitrogen and phosphate are using to fertilize the eggs This efficient conservation of nutrients allows partners to stop the loss of nitrogen to the water. But, the coral-algae symbiosis cannot live on sunshine, CO2 and water alone, a net input of nitrogen and phosphate is essential to maintaining life and growth and corals feed on zooplankton as well as bacteria that come in contact with their mucus layer. They also harvest some nitrogen from the water (this is usually from fish waste).
SPATIAL PATTERNS AND DIMENSIONS: LOCATION, ALTITUDE, LATITUDE, SIZE, SHAPE AND CONTINUITY
Has a highly diverse system made u of thousands of individual species found in low altitudes and tropic areas (temperature in these areas are ideal) off the east co...