Essay On "The Iliad" And "Lysistrata"

918 words - 4 pages

Great kings and powerful warriors engage in heroic duels with each other to gain massive power, while a group of women take a vow of abstinence until a war has ended. Two different pictures of war are depicted in "The Iliad" by Homer and "Lysistrata" by Aristophanes."The Iliad" is a poem which is believed to be a collection of stories handed down through many generations but not of just one man. It is a story of the Trojan War and the leaders of the two city-states. When "The Iliad" was finally written, around 750 B.C.E., the Trojan War had already been over for more hundreds of years. Because of this, many of the ideas and characteristics of "The Iliad" may have been changed from the original story."Lysistrata" was a play by a playwright, Aristophanes. "Lysistrata" was written in Athens, in 411 B.C.E. during the Peloponnesian War. The play is a comedy, which conjures an unusual way to end the Peloponnesian War.Both "The Iliad" and "Lysistrata" are stories which revolve around war. Both stories have all the characters deal with the war, not just have the war in the background. Yet, many differences are apparent in both stories.In "The Iliad," the authors of the story only include the great warriors and kings of the time. "The Iliad" contains characters such as; Achilles, a half man and half god who is the greatest warrior in all of Greece, Agamemnon, the king of all the kings in Greece, Paris, a prince of Troy who steals Helen, the wife of Agamemnon's brother, Meneleus, who goes to Agamemnon to start the war. There are no roles of any kind of working class or slaves in the story. This reflects on the social structure of the world in the time "The Iliad" was written. It shows how much importance was reflected on the Kings and great warriors of the time. It could also show how glorious war was depicted as the highest ranked men were the only ones included in the story. Unlike all the important men, there was only one main character woman in "The Iliad," Helen. This illustrates how much of the roles of women were not important to society at the time.Whereas in "Lysistrata," Aristophanes' characters are all mostly of working and middle class citizens. "Lysistrata" contains mostly characters who are wives of men who have gone to fight in the Peloponessian War or the men themselves. This reflects on the views of the middle class and how much importance they carry. "...but it's not easy, you know, for women to leave the house. One is busy pottering about her husband...a third is putting her child asleep." The middle class women are depicted as staying at home and waiting until the war will end when their husband will return to them. This shows how women were marked as servants for men and were considered lower than men. Also it shows that the society felt that women were helpless without men. Also, by having roles led by middle class men, it shows how power and importance in the society was given to all citizens, even the working class. This shows that during the time of "Lysistrata," democracy was being used by giving everyone power.Both stories, "The Iliad" and "Lysistrata," have many references to religious figures. Even though spaced hundreds of years apart, religion is a large part of war in both. In "The Iliad," the gods are there to aid an army to victory by helping, while in "Lysistrata," the gods are used to help stop and prevent the continuing war. In "The Iliad," the gods aid the war to prosper. "Be their friend and ally...carry water to extinguish them." This quote shows the women praying to Athena, asking for help in their mission.One of the most distinct differences between "The Iliad" and "Lysistrata" is how each society viewed war as civilized or not. "You have need no to prove yourself indeed a bold soldier and man of war." In "The Iliad," it is apparent that the culture of that time view war as heroic and glorious through the descriptions of great warriors. Men would gain power and prove themselves by becoming great warriors. Many of the great warriors in "The Iliad" were kings who seized that title through battles. But, several hundred years later in "Lysistrata," war was viewed as uncivilized and gruesome. Since the Peloponesian war lasted many years, the women of the play felt as if there husbands would not come back from the war. The women then try to stop the war to allow for their husbands to return home. This illustrates why the culture at the time did not view war as glorious, but thought of it as pointless.There are many differences and similarities depicted in "The Iliad" and "Lysistrata." Both have different views of the middle class, values in each culture, and the importance of the roles of women. Also, it is apparent that "Lysistrata" is fiction and that only some of "The Iliad" can be true. Yet, they are both important texts that allow current historians to gain information about their societies.

RELATED

Reunion and Reconciliation; The Odyssey and The Iliad - UMass, Greek Civilization - Essay

1301 words - 6 pages Free Reunion and Reconciliation; a Quest to Restore the Home The Odyssey and the Iliad are often compared as they share many similar themes and motifs revolving around two warriors in a pursuit of rising to heroic wrath. Book 24 of the Iliad and 23 of the Odyssey parallel with overarching themes regarding divine intervention, anger, and family with each of these themes encompassing a degree of irony that is crucial in contrasting both epics. As

The Authenticity of Homer's Illiad - Year 11 - Essay

993 words - 4 pages studies the truth can be deciphered. Archaeologists found a site in which they thought to have been ‘Troy’ destroyed by the powerful country of Mycenae. They also found pottery, engravings, murals and clay tablets, which helped them to understand the culture of the Trojans. There are however shortcomings to the accuracy of Homer's Iliad such as his partially inaccurate historical references and the Iliad’s medium as an epic poem. Due to the

The Treatment of Women in Greek Mythology - Lonestar College - Greek Mythology

980 words - 4 pages the bow not to find which suitor was best, but to find which one was Odysseus. Lastly, she devised tricks to delay her suitors, one of which is to pretend to “wove the mighty cloth, and then at night by torchlight, she unwove it” to delay the process and claiming that she will choose a suitor when she has finished. (337) In the play “Lysistrata” and in Greek mythology, women in the ancient world had few rights in comparison to male citizens

‘Discuss the role of women in Homer’s Iliad.’ - Monash University - Essay

842 words - 4 pages ‘Discuss the role of women in Homer’s Iliad with particular reference to the character of Andromache.’ The role of women in Homer’s Iliad is one which is often overshadowed by their male counterparts. Much of the Iliad is focused on glory in battle and the heroic code, however Homer still manages to include scenes which show the effects of war on women. While Helen is generally considered to be the main female mortal character in the Iliad, I

Reality vs. Storytelling: How Ancient Greek Playwrights Rewrote the Female Role - SUNY Geneseo, Theater History - Essay

2864 words - 12 pages Free Hannah Zimmer History of Theater Steve Stubblefield “Reality vs. Storytelling: How Ancient Greek Playwrights Rewrote the Female Role” Throughout Ancient Greek plays empowering female roles are very common and important. Strong female characters like Clytemnestra in Aeschylus’ Agamemnon, Euripides’ Medea, Sophocles’ Antigone, and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata capture the emotion and mentality of strong females in the world making the character

Elements of an Epic in The Iliad - Nassau Community College ENG 121 - Essay

643 words - 3 pages Trojan spearmen to fight against them, since to me they have done nothing.” (P. 63) He puts their lives and success in the war at jeopardy simply because he got angry at King Agamemnon. His reasoning for withdrawing himself from the battle is selfish, however, he does it anyway to prove a point and uphold his pride as much as he can. The last example of epic elements in Book 1 of The Iliad is the usage of epithet. Epithet is a descriptive phrase

Achilleus

402 words - 2 pages Free AchilleusAchilleus leader of the Achaians and son of Peleus a mortal king and The sea-goddess Thetis is an important character of the Iliad. Achilleus is a well-respected warrior; the Achaians needed Achilleus to help them fight the Trojans. In book XXII Achilleus showed that he was heartless when he killed Hektor. Achilleus also showed that he was sympathetic towards elders by returning Hektors body when Priam begged for it. In Homers

The Iliad Is The Poem Of Beautiful Death, While The Odyssey Is The Poem Of Timeworn, Embraceable Life. Do You Agree With This Statement?

1693 words - 7 pages In this paper I intend to argue against the quote "The Iliad is the poem of beautiful death, while the Odyssey is the poem of timeworn, embraceable life". The story of the Iliad essentially revolves around the Trojan War and multiple battle scenes are included, which would suggest that it does paint a beautiful picture of death. The attitude, however, of many of the characters is not one that glorifies death and war but rather one that laments

Greek Literature

4447 words - 18 pages literature stand the two monumental works of Homer, the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'. The figure of Homer is shrouded in mystery. Although the works as they now stand are credited to him, it is certain that their roots reach far back before his time (see Homeric Legend). The 'Iliad' is the famous story about the Trojan War. It centers on the person of Achilles, who embodied the Greek heroic ideal.While the 'Iliad' is pure tragedy, the 'Odyssey' is a

Ancient Greece, Archaeological evidence pertaining to the validity of a Trojan War - La Trobe History - Essay Plan

598 words - 3 pages posted: 1. Indicate which week’s ‘Dialogue’ materials and ‘Padlet’ you have chosen to examine? Week 2 (a) What elements of the material studied make it a myth or are related to myth? [remember to expand – needs 3 to 6 sentences and clearly indicate the material chosen; ie your chosen primary source/s] The Iliad, an extensive yet mystifying poem that honors the actions of heroes, unfortunately, is debatably unclear as to what the settings Homer sang

Prompt: What Is The Role Of Sarpedon In The Iliad? Iliad By Homer

730 words - 3 pages and misery, but not blessings alone .Therefore, man's life is guaranteed to have torments. The Iliad is an anthropocentric epic, because it is clear that Homer not only portrays the conflict and torment of man generated by war, but also by the very social structure adhered to by the Greeks. Their very nature and life was continuously challenged by their struggles with fate, the gods and their fellow man. And it was through these challenges that the torments bore on their lives. This was the fate of the human condition. "And fate? No man alive has ever escaped it."

The Greek God Dionysus

436 words - 2 pages leaves or sometimes a pine cone. He is often paired with Demeter, goddess of grain.Water is also a part of Dionysos's domain. The myth of Lycurgus, related in the Iliad, tells how a young Dionysos and his foster mothers were attacked and chased by the impious Lycurgus. Dionysos fled into the sea and was sheltered by Thetis. The god is also a sailor; there is a myth which tells how he was once kidnapped by pirates and taken aboard a boat. The god

The Gender Roles in the Odyssey Oral - Harvard University - Ancient Studies / History

773 words - 4 pages SACE Number: 610783X Ancient Studies Word Count: 807 Literature Epic Oral It is believed that the Greek poet Homer is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey which are two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature. I will be arguing upon the division of genders in Homeric society between female and male and the power roles which they both adhere to. Although I will only be speaking about some aspects I will be

Greek hero in the Iliad similar or different from the concept of the modern hero? - Nassau Community College, History - Essay

1448 words - 6 pages “How is the role of the Greek hero in the Iliad similar or different from the concept of the modern hero?” Provide specific examples Since early in our lives, we are introduced the concept of a hero from stories we are told by our parents and family members. These personages are usually described as fearless and righteous individuals who spend their lives in constant battles and confrontations with people and situations that try to push them to

Clinton Impeachment and Conterversys - Essay for Clinton Impeachment - Essay

657 words - 3 pages the text these two sides of Odysseus’s men. 3. One of the themes in Greek mythology is that “Man is nothing without the gods.” Explain using examples from the text, the ways the gods help or hindered the lives of the characters in either the Iliad or the Odyssey. 4. A hero is not without flaws. Explain using examples from the text of The Odyssey, which attributes of Odysseus him a hero and which attributes show he is not perfect. 5