The Impact Of The Beveridge Report Truro College Essay

1540 words - 7 pages

“To what extent was the Beveridge Report implemented by the Labour governments from 1945-51?”
When the Beveridge report of 1942 was produced it identified “five giants” that were plaguing Britain, these included; want, squalor, ignorance, disease and idleness. One of the big tasks for Clement Attlee’s labour government of 1945 was to address these giants and repair the damage done by war. Although progress was made through the creation of NHS and the establishment of a cradle to grave welfare state it was still far from perfect. With complaints over the extensiveness of the national insurance act and divisions in education, implementing the Beveridge report was not all plain sailing for Labour.
One of the key aspects of society that needed addressing was the state of secondary education. This was addressed with the implementation of the 1944 Butler Act which looked to try and set up high quality nationwide provision of education. Prior to the act many working class children left school with only a very basic primary education as the pressure to choose a job over education was high due to the fact quality secondary school often required the payment of fees. Which led to secondary schooling only being open to those who could afford to pay for fees. The Butler Act looked to set up three levels of secondary education, technical schools, grammar schools and secondary modern schools with the aim being that it would provide everyone, regardless of class the access to quality education in an effort to tackle ignorance. However this didn’t prove to be the case, education still very much remained a segregated system due to the presence of the 11+ test which decided whether children went to a grammar school or technical school, more often than not only the rich well educated kids passed the test so only the rich, upper class kids went to grammar school where they received access to the best education which le to them then going to university. Meanwhile those who failed went to technical colleges where they learnt more practical skills such as woodwork. This system effectively meant that the working-class youth of Britain were effectively destined to be stuck in the same low paying working class jobs that there parents had before them. Secondary Modern schools were limited with only about 30 being set up by 1938 so as a result education remained a very segregated part of society with poor children receiving lower quality teaching. It can be viewed then that efforts to try and tackle ignorance by changes to the education system were largely ineffective. Poor children still didn’t have access to the same quality of education that middle class and upper-class children had and were still not being presented with equal opportunities which meant the problem working class children faced of an education system that couldn’t provide them with good enough opportunities to pursue better jobs was still prevalent as it had been prior to the war meaning the issue of ignorance was still prevalent in society so this aspect of the Beveridge report was not well implemented.
The introduction of National insurance was labours answer to combatting want was to bring in a national insurance act not to dissimilar to the one proposed by the liberal government of 1904. The act was a compulsory insurance that looked to cover everyone even if they had already invested in their own private insurance schemes which was a glaring problem for many, they had no choice in their commitment to national insurance and some found themselves paying a large proportion of their wages into insurance schemes which as a result left them poorer and with less disposable income. Another problem with this scheme was that before people could benefit from things such as sick pay or unemployment benefits they had to first pay a number of payments before coming eligible. This was problematic for those who were already too poor to afford to pay into this scheme as it didn’t cover them if they were unemployed, this was a big criticism of the act by many labour radicals who felt that this form of welfare system supposedly out to fix the issue of want was no more than an insurance based scheme like the one proposed by the liberal government and didn’t go far enough to redistribute wealth properly. The National Insurance act of 1946 was also attacked on the basis it was a wasteful system, everyone was covered regardless if they needed it or not, Tory critics felt that a more selective welfare state would be in a better position for tackling the issue of poverty as it would mean there’d be more resources available to give much more specific help to the poorest members of society. The act was a valiant attempt by labour to put in place a welfare state, and in that sense, it must be viewed as a success, Labour managed to successfully provide a nationwide system that covered all workers not just those who were working in certain trades, as had been the way in the past. It was a very useful part of society for those who had fallen on hard times and although not perfect it was an immense achievement that made a huge difference to the lives of all but the countries wealthiest so must be viewed as a positive step taken by labour to try and tackle Beveridge’s giant of want.
The formation of the NHS in 1948 was one of the greatest steps taken to combat Disease by Labour and remains to this day a huge success through the NHS infant mortality rates dropped by 50% and there was a decrease in the amount of deaths from previously fatal diseases like TB, prior to the formation of the NHS healthcare was often privatised with working men and women receiving very little coverage. The government wanted to make every healthcare service free but this proved to be too expensive a task, the budget for the NHS had already shot up to £358 million much greater than the £140 million originally proposed. As a result it was necessary for prescription charges to come into place. However apart from this the service remained on the large part free for everyone to use and made a massive impact on the life of everyday citizens, Labour did an excellent job in tackling the issue of disease that had previously been a common place in society, it was a resounding success, to create such a huge national organisation that was so comprehensive had never been seen in the UK before and was a huge achievement for Attlee’s government and was a real success in addressing the problem of disease the Beveridge report put forward.
The issue of combatting squalor proved to be a cantankerous issue for the Labour government. Britain was suffering from an extreme shortage of adequate housing due to the fact much of mainland Britain had been hit by the Blitz which had worsened the already slum like conditions that were commonplace in many British cities. The population was also increasing post war which combined with a general desire by young couples to break tradition and not live as an extended family with their parents it meant the demand for housing went up. Labours response to this was the creation of the new council houses, they were designed to provide cheap but more importantly good quality housing for working class people. By 1948 227,000 houses meeting this criteria had been built by the government. They also built 14 new towns under the New Towns act of 1946 which looked to again provide better living conditions for British people, however this was not enough to meet demand and the British government were suffering from a lack of resources, this resulted in many being forced to use disused army bases as lodgings post war with the wait for council houses being long, by 1951 there was still a huge shortage of adequate housing for citizens. This led to a general feeling of dissatisfaction amongst the electorate who felt the government weren’t doing enough to provide them with housing after the war. Although there were attempts made to try and combat the issues of squalor the housing policy cant be viewed as highly effective as it left many citizens still in need of housings and was a half hearted attempt to tackle squalor, compared to the success of acts such as the NHS the efforts made to combat Squalor pale in comparison, effective enough systems were not put in place by Labour.
The domestic reforms carried out by the Labour government 1945 must be viewed as effectively dealing with the issues brought up by the Beveridge report, Labour managed to set up several nationwide, comprehensive schemes such as the NHS that benefitted all members of society and created the first full welfare state that looked after people from cradle to grave, by setting up such comprehensive cover they addressed many of the issues brought up by Beveridge and the policies of Labour proved highly effective with poverty rates dropping from 36% to 4.5% and unemployment rates falling to 2.5% proof that Labour had gone some way in addressing the issues society faced.

RELATED

The Impact of Advertising and Television - Chaffey College - Essay

816 words - 4 pages Sandra Prim Professor Chatman-Riley English 1B 18 February 2018 The advertising business is a billion-dollar industry in the United States. Businesses from all over the world compete with one another and allot big budget to expand and endorse ads just to pursue consumer’s likings for their brand or product. Advertisers put together a sense of likeness to their brands and products while persuading consumer’s way of thinking or feeling regarding

Paper On Impact Of Eliminating The Elec

579 words - 3 pages The Impact of Eliminating the Electoral College The Electoral College is a very large part of determining which candidate for presidency will become the next Chief Executive of the United States of America. Often times, it is the only important factor in this decision, with the popular vote accounting for considerably less. The Electoral College is a long-standing tradition in the history of the United States, despite the fact that the

Hidden America and the impact of being in the middle class and how it effects your daily life - The College of Wooster just for class - essay

638 words - 3 pages Nick DeBussey Just Work Hidden America In the book Hidden America Jeanne Marie Laskas goes around to jobs that most Americans sweep under the rug and shadow want they do and how the world treats them. The book looks into the life of coal miners one of the most hidden jobs in the world. The book goes from the mines all the way to being a cowboys cheerleader. Every single one of the jobs pick had what the author called a violent side to them but

The Individual Impact of Moods and Emotions at the Workplace - hunter college - research paper

498 words - 2 pages MSB 700 Chapter 10 Practical Application Exercise. Professor Bishop Posted 4-15-18 Instructions: Answer all of the following questions directly on this page. Save the form as a Word document/PDF and attach it in the “Assignments Due Here” forum on Blackboard by 11:00 PM Monday (4-16-18). Note: Responses must be cogent, must include textbook concepts, and must be void of plagiarism. Cite your sources! 1) a) Define Emotional

What are the impact and change cryptocurrency will make in the world - Scotch College - Essay

744 words - 3 pages What is the impact and change cryptocurrency will make in the world? What is cryptocurrency? Cryptocurrency is related to the internet and it uses cryptography. It is money but it is in a digital form. Cryptocurrency has been designed to be very secure and safe. Cryptocurrency has different kinds of impact which can be positive or negative to us. This digital money can make big changes around the world. Cryptocurrencies has been really popular

The impact of edward tulane on children - Children's literature - Essay

532 words - 3 pages Nick Habibi P.6 The impact of edward tulane on children In the novel “the miraculous journey of Edward Tulane” the author has made this book for kids because he feels like kids should be able to handle death when they face such tragedies. In this book, the author tries to teach kids how to handle death by showing some things that are hard to deal with in the story and he has the main character (Edward) pass all of the problems that he face and

Impact of politics on Indian Society - College - Essay

921 words - 4 pages Politics in India Famous Greek thinker, Aristotle defines politics as the study of the city-state. It is concerned with improving the well-being of all the citizens in the nation. Politics refers to the art and science of government concerned with the regulation and governance of the country. A person who professionally holds the office of the government by way of elections and is actively engaged in politics is known as the Politician. (Ramnath

The Impact of European Imperialism in Africa

593 words - 3 pages European Imperialism started in the early1800's; with the goal to prove they had wealth andpower. European nations competed with each otherto gain territory in Africa. The more they gain themore powerful they thought they would become.Africa was soon bled of it's human resources. TheEuropeans induced slavery for the beneift of theMuslim countries, from the nineth century to thenineteenth century. The last four centuries of whichwere regular

The Impact Of Advertisement On Gun Control

769 words - 4 pages When looking at an advertisement of a doll with a bullet hole in her forehead, I was immediately struck with a feeling of sadness for the brutality the picture represents. It was disturbing to see such cruelty. The advertisement emphasizes innocence and shows how violence destroys.Through the picture of the doll, the advertisement gives the reader the impression of an innocent baby. The color pink is usually associated with innocence. By using

Assess the impact of ideology of Nazi Foreign policy up to 1939 - Scots 12 - Essay

1217 words - 5 pages Assess the impact of ideology on Nazi Foreign policy to September 1939 Ideology was the single most important factor in the development of Nazi foreign policy up to 1939, both in underpinning long term goals and determining short term strategies. The ideology centered around beliefs of Social darwinism, Anti-Semitism, nationalism and anti communism, and their impact can be seen through their translation into successful foreign policies such as

The Impact of the Government of Richard Bennett during the Great Depression - Loyola Catholic Secondary School / CHC2D1 - Research Essay

765 words - 4 pages Lemonius Ruthann Lemonius Mr. Smol CHC 2D1 19 April, 2018 The Impact of the Government of Richard Bennett during the Great Depression Richard Bedford Bennett was the 11th Prime Minister of Canada from 1930 - 1935, and is infamously recognized for doing little to boost the terrible economy during the nadir of the Great Depression. A time when Canadians suffered unprecedented levels of poverty due to unemployment. He is seen as one of Canada’s

what was the impact of residential schools in canada - history class - essay

589 words - 3 pages What was the impact of residential school's policy on the first nations communities in the early 20th century? By: Marina Santos Residential schools have been a part of Canadian history for many years, and it has left a large impact on many first nation communities in the 20th century such as families dealing with the effects of separation and loss of traditions, children having their natural community and supports violated and lastly how it

The Impact of Social Media on Youth - CPCC ENG 111 Writing and Inquiry - Essay

844 words - 4 pages Samira G. Salad Dr. DeAngelis ENG 111-150 August 23, 2018 The Impact of Social Media on Youth “Oh, great! I just posted my picture and I only ended up getting fifty likes. Where are the rest of my fifty? I will definitely be satisfied once I hit the big hundred! Until then, I’ll be scrolling through pointless memes!” Yes, go on and chuckle. You and I both know it’s true, it sounds a bit like the both of us. Our generation, I mean. I’ll be honest

Song of the brook fiction report - Sierra Norwiod - Essay

2363 words - 10 pages the documentation will support an appeal BILLING OFFICE TIPS u How to avoid the most common errors u Know when to appeal and when to “write it off” u Understanding the importance of physician profiling u News from the CMS front that may impact your billing Who Should Attend u Coding and Billing Personnel u Medical Records Personal u Office Managers u Physicians u Medical Assistants u Nurse Practitioners u Cross-Training Receptionists, Cashiers u

Book Report on Chasing the Flame - Wesley College, Model UN - Essay

1451 words - 6 pages Rashidatu Koroma March 14, 2017 Model United Nations Armstrong Book Report: Chasing the Flame Samantha Powers tells the life story of Sergio Vieira de Mello, a Brazilian-born United Nations official who tragically lost his life during a bombing in Baghdad. Sergio dedicated over 30 years of his life to the United Nations and always being a voice through the public as a well know humanitarian. If there is a single individual who can be said to