The Influence Of Early Gregorian Plainchant On Liturgical Music - Music History II - Research Paper

2297 words - 10 pages

The Influence of Early Gregorian Plainchant on Modern Choral Music
Hayley Bowser
MUMH304: Music History II
November 1, 2018
Before music was regularly transcribed for an accurate performance or used in formal
church settings, various styles of music were used with the intentions of detailing specific
actions or get-togethers in societies or communities. These gatherings were held amongst
people in specific groups or tribes and the music sung and played was passed down from
generation to generation. These pieces were referred to as “Plainchant” and often took on one of
two forms: Gallican or Gregorian. However, “[d]uring the 8th and 9th centuries, a process of
assimilation took place between Gallican and Gregorian chants; and it is the chant in this
evolved form that has come down to the present.”1 The new form of plainchant that evolved is
often known as a common form of music assimilation from past to present. Many people may
argue that music from as early as the second century has no similarities to music that is
performed today. However, it is important for all musicians to understand where the basis from
current music theory began. Knowing where many tunes got their origin, and how they
influenced the occurrence of music that we know and love today is vital for a complete
understanding of music history. “Gregorian chant was the original music of the Christian
Church in western Europe.”2 Early Gregorian Plainchant led to the emergence of many church
hymns, which also had a major influence on future choral compositions.
Plainchant can be defined as “a single line of melody with a flexible rhythm sung
to Latin words by unaccompanied male voices. Manuscripts date from ninth century and used a
1. Gregorian Chant (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2014), 1.
2. Robert Fowells, A New Look at Gregorian Chant (The Choral Journal 33, no. 5,
1992), 1.
system of modes, specific patterns of whole and half steps. This single line of melody, called
monophony, characterized music until about 1000 AD.”3 Early plainchant was likely introduced
around the year 300, following the legislation of Christianity. Although plainchant is often
given a general term of “Gregorian” there were various other forms of plainchant that also
existed. The Gregorian Chant Resources and History guide explains the various types of chant
in the following quotation:
[D]ifferent forms and flavours [sic] of chant began to develop by region. Roman Spain
produced Mozarabic chant, whose title refers to the Moorish rule over Spanish
Christians after the invasion of 711. In fact, the chant was composed and complete by
the 7th Century, and altered little thereafter. From Milan came Ambrosian chant, named
in honour [sic] of St Ambrose; from Gaul, or what is now France, Gallican chant; from
Rome, Old Roman and Gregorian; from England, the Sarum; from the Church in the
East, Syrian, Byzantine, Coptic, Ethiopian and Armenian. Some of these chants were
suppressed by Roman pontiffs striving to establ...

More like The Influence Of Early Gregorian Plainchant On Liturgical Music - Music History II - Research Paper

African American Music Influence - African American Studies - African American Music Influence

2719 words - 11 pages ... , and their impact on modern culture. I will briefly take time to talk about significant Black artists of the time that shaped the music as well. The early part of the twentieth century saw a constant rise in popularity of African American blues and jazz. As well as the developments in the fields of visual arts, the Harlem Renaissance of the early twentieth century lead to developments in music. White and Latino performers of both genres existed ...

Music As Influence: How Has Society Been Shaped By Musical Genres Throughout History? - English - Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Free ... connection to what they heard while they were growing up. For instance, an individual who likes alternative rock music may have a father who listened to the rolling stones, or rock music of that era. This would need further research however, and a larger sample would need to be taken. Reflection: Overall, I think this project was a great way for me to branch out of the musical genres I most resonate with, and to educate myself on the history of other ...

Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 5 In E Minor, Op. 64 - Music History II - Essay

987 words - 4 pages ... short solo, it helps as a transition into a new theme. The violin 1 has the solo in m 72 then it is passed on to the viola in m 80. Then once again the solo is passed on to the flute and piccolo in m 91.Then that same melody is passes between the strings and the woodwinds from mm 104-126. The original waltz pattern comes back in m 145. (Ex C) There are so many solos in this piece it is crazy, and also so many variations of those solos also. The ...

Music Viva Voce 1900-1945 (early 20th Century)

4241 words - 17 pages ... ," and Igor Stravinsky used the term polar. Claude Debussy and the Impressionism Claude Debussy (1862-1918), the man who would be largely responsible for setting French music on a new course, matured in the atmosphere of this "renaissance". Debussy's youthful works reveal the influence of Chabrier and Faure especially the latter, who offered the young composer a precedent in his search for a new approach to tonality that, although essentially ...

Music Analysis -der Atlas By Schubert - North Park University Music Theory II - Analysis

1506 words - 7 pages ... Ellen Andersson Dr. Michael McBride Music Theory II 11/16/18 Der Atlas: Music Analysis Der Atlas is a vastly dramatic piece by Franz Schubert about a man comparing himself to the greek titan Atlas who - according to the mythology - sided with the titans during the war between the titans and the olympians. The titans were defeated and Atlas’ punishment for being on their side was having to carry the world on his shoulders. The man in Der Atlas ...

Orpheus - The Continued Love Affair - Classical Music History - Research Paper

1624 words - 7 pages Free ... themselves to be close to him. Love at First Song In his early years, Orpheus spent much of his time perfecting his music and poetry. His talent had eclipsed the fame and respect his music had garnered him. His superb lyre playing and euphonious voice accumulated him audiences from near and far. It was at one of these events Running head: ORPHEUS - THE CONTINUED LOVE AFFAIR !4 that his eyes first fell on a wood nymph named Eurydice. A powerful spell ...

Performing Vocal Music Of The Renaissance - University Of Mississippi - Introduction To Music Research (graduate Level) - Research Paper

2309 words - 10 pages ... Culpepper 2 Richard Culpepper 8 December 2016 Dr. Thomas Peattie Final Research Paper Performing Vocal Music of the Renaissance Music has existed for thousands of years, if not longer. The earliest musical notation known to date is from a cuneiform tablet created ca. 2000 BC, found in modern day Iraq in the 1960s.[footnoteRef:1] The oldest known musical instruments are even older than that. At an age of ca. 40,000 years old, four carved-bone ...

Culture, History And Travel To Cambodia. - Music Appreciation - Research Paper

921 words - 4 pages ... to the Mon-Khmer ethnolinguistic group, most are Theravada (Hinaya) Buddhists which belongs to the older and more traditional schools of Buddhism. Buddhism also reinforces a sense of hierarchy within societ. The Khmer empire owed much to Indian influence, but its achievements also represented original contributions to Asian civilization. Khmer is the official language of Cambodia and is used in most social contexts. Music occupied a dominant ...

Effects Of Music On Adolescents

2102 words - 9 pages ... Effects of Music on Adolescent Behavior Music is universal. In every culture, we express ourselves, particularly our thoughts and feelings, through music. It surrounds people and its broad usage closely relates to people's daily lives. Music is especially important in the lives of adolescents. It is influential to their identity and helps them define important social and subcultural boundaries. Music has the power to make someone ...

Music Effects On The Mind

1397 words - 6 pages ... of music therapy on the brain; I can only see research yielding positive results in the future. It's safe to say that music therapy will be a viable choice in therapeutic healing for decades to come. Works Cited: Jones, Patrice M. "Talking about: Arts as instruments of healing." Chicago Tribune (IL) 2 May. 2006 =2W62W613:537&site=src Begley, Sharon. "Music on the Mind." Newsweek 24 ...

Influence Of Stress On Stereotypes - Research Methods 325 - Research Paper

2143 words - 9 pages ... Running head: STRESS INFLUENCE ON STEREOTYPE THREAT 1 STRESS INFLUENCE ON STEREOTYPE THREAT 12 Influence of Stress on the Effects of Stereotype Threat Abstract This study looks into the effects of stress and the effects of stereotype threat. It also looks into the interaction that the two factors have with one another. A 2x2 between subjects design only females was utilized to test these effects and interactions when given a verbal test (RAT ...

Napsters Effect On The Music Industry

846 words - 4 pages ... that. Buy my thinking was that is only makes people want to buy more and increases devotion of people who are going to listen to us." This quote was one of Napsters main arguments, that Napsters use promotes the purchase of music. Another big named artist, B.B. King stated on the Yahoo Entertainment News page last September that "It is a good way to promote your music, buy copyright and things of that sort are something that will have to be ...

Evolution Of Korean Music Research Paper - CMC English Composition - Research Essay

1920 words - 8 pages Free ... videos, which captures the attention from international countries. Kpop group BTS sold out both of their concerts in just four minutes, this here is a huge accomplishment not only for their company, BigHit Entertainment, but also for the Kpop industry. American artist have started to add dances to their videos because of the popularity influence in Kpop. Kpop has made a huge impact on the music industries all around the world, with their ...

Research Paper On The History Of Oceanography

3099 words - 13 pages ... current patterns in estuaries are also generally formed in response to density differentials. Depending on the amount of marine and fresh water that enters these systems, estuaries may be highly or moderately stratified, vertically homogeneous, or hepersaline. The resultant salinity variations in these areas has a direct influence on the biotic distributions in estuaries.Shorelines are the point of contact between the marine and terrestrial ...

Beethoven Symphony No.9 Analysis - Lander University, Form And Analysis Of Classical Music - Research Paper

899 words - 4 pages ... time period. Beethoven knows of all the beautiful and well-known music of his time but knows that there must be something about his music that distinguishes him from other composers. I think drama and tension alongside the beautiful memorable melodies of his music are a great way to make sure you are the one listeners remember. I want this analysis of Op.49, No.2 to shed light on how Beethoven creates drama and tension in his music while keeping the ...