The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration And The War On Drugs Bergen Community College Essay

1468 words - 6 pages

Bullock| 5
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration and the War on Drugs
From the 1880s into the 1960s, a majority of American states enforced segregation through "Jim Crow" laws. From Delaware to California, and from North Dakota to Texas, many states could impose legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another race. The most common types of laws forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep their black and white clientele separated. The overall point of the laws were to keep blacks oppressed. It is hard to believe that something like this could still be going on, but it is. Today in the era of “colorblindness”, the system of mass incarceration has emerged as a strikingly comprehensive and well-disguised system similar to the Jim Crow.
The concept of race is a relatively new development brought on by European imperialism. After slavery black men were actually able to win their right and be treated as equal to whites for the most part. However beginning in the 1890s racism starts to take route and we get the Jim Crow Laws. In a depression racked 1890s “racism appeled to whites who feared losing their jobs to blacks (Steward).” This fear began a racial caste system known as the Jim Crow Laws “was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws, it was a way of life (What Was Jim Crow).” Under Jim Crow African-American were regulated under the status of second class citizens. The laws consisted of the following:
a. Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together. If they did eat together, whites were to be served first, and some sort of partition was to be placed between them.
b. Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended whites.
c. Jim Crow etiquette prescribed that blacks were introduced to whites, never whites to blacks. For example: "Mr. Peters (the white person), this is Charlie (the black person), that I spoke to you about."
The Civil Right Act of 1964 worked to dismantle the Jim Crow system of discrimination in voting, employment and education (Alexander 38). When this movement the number of African-Americans registered to vote in the south skyrocketed between 1964 and 1969 (Alexander 38). However voting was only part of the problem, African Americans still had to deal with the issue of poverty and unemployment, therefore in August of in 1963 activist organized the March on Washington for Economic Freedom. This brought President Kennedys attention to the issue and he began working towards eradicating poverty. With the Civil Rights Movement having so much success it was easy to believe the nations racial equilibrium had been disrupted (Alexander 38-39). However, African American period “in the sun” was short lived.
Imagine you are twenty- seven year old Kelly Whyte, a single African-American mother, with a three year old son. You are arrested along with six other as part of a drug sweep. You are innocent. You meet...

Other Essays On The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration and the War on Drugs - Bergen Community College - Essay

War On Drugs- Analyzing the transnational war on drugs in the US and Mexico - chs 245 - Essay

1112 words - 5 pages forced to participate in the drug trafficking business. The very own Mexican government has been linked to certain drug trafficking trades. In 1971, U.S. president Richard Nixon declared a war on drugs due to the rising levels of drug addiction. Nixon imposed penalties for offenders on the illegal drug use, distribution and trade. Nixon declared a combat war alongside the Mexican- U.S. border in order to cease any illegal drug importations. The

Jim Crow and the Criminal Justice System - Afro-American Studies 236 - Research Paper

2899 words - 12 pages ://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uma/detail.action?docID=829777. In this book, Alexander suggests that mass incarceration is a new way for the criminal justice system to control African Americans, making it "the New Jim Crow". She talks about the War on Drugs as a main contributor to this. This book will be relevant to my research essay because it very clearly explains how the Jim Crow era has led to racial discrimination today.

WORLD WAR 1 - DISCRIPTION IN THE ESSAY - Northeast mississippi community college/ APUSH - essay

806 words - 4 pages Kee2 Kortni Kee Morgan Kramer US History II 15 October 2018 World War 1: Isolationists VS Internationalists World War 1, also known as the Great War, began in Europe on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. During this war, there were two main alliances, the Central Powers and the Allies. The Central Powers consisted of Britain, France, Russia, and later the United States. The Allies consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria

The American Dream and It's Effect on Me - Central Piedmont Community College, English 112 - Free Write Essay

557 words - 3 pages Dayaa Al-Kurdi November 30, 2016 What is The American Dream The American Dream! Although a general belief it stays consistent as true. I believe this so called American Dream exists, but only in the hearts of those willing to put effort into their lives. The American dream was created by the pioneers that first set foot on this great country. It was created to inspire and give hope to anyone that may have a chance to become a part of this nation

Essay on "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" - Laredo Community College - Literary Analysis Essay

663 words - 3 pages personality, who can barely support himself. His superstition comes from his enjoyment in reading books about witchcraft and hearing stories about ghosts. Which Brom benefits from because he enjoys to play jokes on him whenever he can. While several individuals might not admire Ichabod, they definitely admire Brom. Brom is idolized by many of the townspeople because he attracts people through his amiable personality. Although Ichabod and Brom have several

The Family and The labors Divided - Cape Fear Community College / SOC -213 - Essay

624 words - 3 pages Smith 2 Smith 2 Jack Smith Casey Errante SOC 213 (I03) 21 April 2019 The Family and The labors Divided The study of household labor and paid labor and how families come to the decisions on who does what is a complex issue. Being born in the late 60s, growing up in the late 70s and 80s for my family it was more gender-related when it came to household duties. Mother did the cleaning, cooking, and child time when she could. Both parents worked

CRISPR( Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palandromic Syndromes) - Bergen College - Essay

763 words - 4 pages Manish Lamichhane Dr. Galvez Writing 101 CRISPR CRISPR stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Panildromic Repeats is a Cas system in prokaryotes which is guided by a RNA and it aids in dematerializing foreign nucleic acids. CRISPR is a new technology where a Cas-9 is used which can modify the genes of the organisms. CRISPR has the ability to rearrange the genetic sequence of the DNA of living organisms (Michael Specter, Nat Geo). Even

The Anti-war movement on Vietnam on the Australian Homefront - St Joseph's College - Essay

1010 words - 5 pages Account for the growing opposition to the Vietnam War on the Australian home front. (Give reasons and describe the people protesting against the Vietnam War in Australia at the time) During the Vietnam War, conscription played a key role in the anti-war movement on the Australian home front. Other major features deterring support for the war included the use of television to broadcast the War’s atrocities including the My Lai Massacre, which

The advantages and disadvantages of social media - Bucks County Community College - essay

830 words - 4 pages social media could help them to complete their works more efficiently. The social media has become convenient to everyone; still it has some problems. Dependency on the use of social media will cause people being isolated. They might attempt to stay at home and surf the social media instead of going out and have some outdoor activities. Next, people can access to any information via social media is also an advantage of social media. Nowadays

Mending the Relationship of Two brothers - Queensborough Community College - Essay

1176 words - 5 pages Mending the Relationship of Two Brothers in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues According to Liukkonen, James Baldwin is well known for his "novels on sexual and personal identity, and sharp essays on civil-rights struggle in the United States." "Sonny's Blues" is no exception to this. The story takes place in Harlem, New York in the 1950's and tells of the relationship between two brothers. The older brother, who is the narrator and a participant in

Cinematic Techniques Used in "The Descent" - Portland Community College - Essay

812 words - 4 pages antagonist (a creature) is close and coming in for an attack. The sound is often silent in the film to give a more realistic seeming effect on the audience. Additionally, Marshall highlights the sounds of knives cutting through skin or creatures eating flesh to accentuate the brutality and gore of the situation, even though in reality those sounds aren’t necessarily that powerful. MUSIC In the beginning of The Descent, a lot of music is played

Similar Papers

13th Amendment And The Current State Of Mass Incarceration College 2nd Year Annotated Bibliography

1553 words - 7 pages provides a updated view of the term mass incarceration. It also provides respectable insight from a well-known author by the name of Michelle Alexander who is most famous for her book “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness”. She states, “people whose only crime is drug addiction or possession of a small amount of drugs for recreational use find themselves locked out of mainstream society and economy—permanently. It is not

Walt Disney, The Soon To Be Monopoly Westchester Community College: Mass Media Research Project

1651 words - 7 pages Corporation is Bob Iger. Bob Iger received his bachelor in Television and Radio. According to bloomberg.com, Iger’s road of leadership began when he became the President of the ABC Television Network Group in New York since 1993. Where he then became President and Chief Operating Officer of ABC's corporate parent, Capital Cities/ABC. From there, Iger was then appointed President and Chief Operating Officer (COO) on January 24, 2000. On March 13, 2005

How The Shortage Of Physicians Led To A New Type Of Medical Provider: Physician Assistant Volunteer State Community College English 1010 Research Paper

1644 words - 7 pages enough to supply demand. Although AMA did not recognize the shortage of physicians, the President’s Commission, in 1953, on the Health Needs of the Nations predicted a physician shortage of 59,000 by 1960. Over ten years later AMA Committee took in consideration the shortage of physicians, and recommended that a new specialty in family health care be created (37). The first physician program was successfully founded in 1965 at Duke University

Comparative Lynching: South Africa And The Jim Crow South Siue Doctoral Essay

897 words - 4 pages control the movements and limit the economic horizons of Black South Africans. These tactics included pass laws, job reservation, labor bureaus, bantustans and compounds that were not utilized in the Jim Crow American South. Although the recognized White mobs of citizens killing a Black man didn’t happen in South Africa the vast administrative state machine inflicted significant violence on generations of Black South Africans and was no less horrific