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The Second Machine Age Of Automated Robots

2822 words - 12 pages

Sarah McMahon 42773318ISYS200 - Final Research Paper Question 1Technological breakthroughs are not an unprecedented occurrence throughout human history. Throughout the world, autonomous robot technology is advancing rapidly. Many are referring it this as the 'second machine age' whilst making correlations to the industrial revolution. When wide spread innovation such as this occurs, the fundamentals of the way we work, rest and play must be reconsidered. There is much debate over whether autonomous robots replacing workers will create new different jobs, or ever increasing inequality. This shift towards automation will be a major challenge for small business, companies and governments alike. ...view middle of the document...

It must also be considered that there are some jobs that can only be /prefer to be done by real people. Examples of these are aged and mental health care, child care etc. Automated and artificially intelligent robots allow people to outsource their repetitive tasks, but does not allow for outsourcing creativity, problem solving or innovating. Many studies have concluded that problem solving within a large group of individuals gives a more innovative response than when the answer is found through computers.In the future, there could be a strong backlash against automated robot interaction with a preference for human interaction. There is increasing consideration about meaning in life. People are starting to prefer imperfectly created objects that have 'soul' through human creation rather than machine made. This can be seen to occur already within society. There is growing a trend emerging of 'made by a real person', 'small scale', 'homemade' or 'artisanal' products. Consumers are turning away from mass production, which can be seen as a parallel to automated products and services. In the future, this could extend to a preference for real human interaction rather than robot interaction.In a positive utopian prediction of the future, the concept that everyone must work in order to justify their living may be reconsidered. Scientists have predicted statistically that the innovation created by one in ten thousand can provide for the rest. It is suggested that if society was able to let go of the notion that we must have infinite growth and that of labour for income, then we would be better able to utilise the limited resources we have. This management could be achieved through automated industries. With better resource management and more communal goals, there would be less fight for survival and less need for everyone to have a 'job' by todays definition. Instead of people entering the workforce into jobs that they do not enjoy, and instead offer skills they have and enjoy, using innovation to create a market.With this shift in the job market to more educated or more crowd sourced professions, intellectual capacity will become a person's greatest resource. To compensate for this shift, there will have to be vast innovations and restructuring of education. Already we are seeing an increase in people attending university, in the US alone there has been a 32% increase in enrolment between 2001 and 2011. It is not just levels of education that must change but also the way we think. Studies have shown that digital natives who have grown up with the internet as a constant presence in their adolescent lives have adapted differing brain patters. When society is placed in a position where differing areas of intellect are becoming more important, people are predicted to evolve different brain functions.The types of education needed may also change. Historically education has been based on memorising facts, theories and techniques. In the future automated...

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