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The Use Of Animals In Medical Research

1134 words - 5 pages

This essay is about the use of animals in medical research. This essay talks about why labortatory animals are needed to help in the discovery of vaccines and cures, easing the burdern of chronic deseases, and ensuring humans a safe food supply. Includes the benefits and contributions animals have in medical research.Since the ancient Greeks, experimental animals have been very important to our understanding of the biological processes that makes life possible. In a world growing more complex daily, laboratory animals are needed more than ever to help in the discovery of vaccines and cures for the plagues of today and those to come, not to mention in both easing the burden of chronic ...view middle of the document...

Smallpox, which killed more than two million people, can now be prevented because of research on cows. Diphtheria was dominated with research on guinea pigs and horses. Polio would have been impossible to prevent without the use of monkeys. Because of animal research, we now have vaccines for measles, rubella, chicken pox, hepatitis B, and Lyme disease. The insulin that allows many people with diabetes to continue to live was developed using dogs. The effectiveness of penicillin and other antibiotics that have saved tens of millions of lives was established through research on mice and other rodents. So many procedures and medications that prevent death, spare pain, and make life productive and enjoyable have been developed through animal research.Animals, too, benefit vastly from animal research. According to scientists, humans are not the only ones to benefit from animal research. Many of the surgical techniques, diagnostic procedures, and medical treatments developed for humans can also benefit animals. In addition, animal research helps scientists learn more about animal diseases and conditions.Vaccines for distemper, parvovirus, rabies, and feline leukemia have been developed using research animals. Antibiotics for infections, surgical treatments for injuries and illnesses, have also been developed using animal research. In fact, many procedures and treatments such as chemotherapy, antibiotics, hip replacement and other orthopedic surgical techniques were initially developed or tested on animals for use on humans, and are now used to treat animals as well.Today, researchers are using animals in attempts to understand--and hopefully cure--AIDS, breast cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, chronic pain, cystic fibrosis, and numerous diseases, injuries, and illnesses that continue to plaque humans and animals alike. To stop or seriously restrain animal research would thus cause serious harm to many. The vast majority of physicians, veterinarians, and biomedical researchers know this. They refute claims of activists that animal research has not done any good and is unnecessary for future medical progress with overwhelming evidence and compelling arguments. Some scientists say that people with incurable diseases would have less reason for hope if animal research were halted. Much research would stop, and patients would not have the benefits of...

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