Theories In Public Administration Re Policy Making Tsu/Theories In Pa Memo

1180 words - 5 pages

Fairalee Carrier
Professor Aiyer
Public Administration Theories and Practice (PAD 500)
December 12, 2018
Theories in Public Administration that Support Effective Policy Making
Public administration is a process, not an event. It has existed since the inception of government across the globe. But, as a practice, public administration is mostly an American ideology born in the late nineteenth-century as a result of much needed government reform. Classical public administration theory is based on the scientific management and Max Weber’s bureaucratic model. (Denhardt, p. 30)
Effective policymaking requires knowledge of each of these theories to ensure that the public is truly served by the implementation of various policies. No one theory is sufficient to produce public policy. “The theory of administration is concerned with how an organization should be constructed and operated in order to accomplish its work efficiently.” (Denhardt, p. 82 quoting Simon’s, Administrative Behavior (1957a, p. xiv)). As it related to theories of public administration and analyzing public policy, the following theories will be identified and discussed herein: Political systems theory; group theory; elite theory; and institutionalism. Discussion contrasting open verses closed systems included for a well-rounded outlook of the importance of understanding how theories relate to and impact the policy making process.
Theories are usually discussed as it relates to public administration from a scholarly or academic standpoint. For example, academics may enjoy enough distance from the policy process to develop a breadth of knowledge and produced generalizable conclusions across government, while practitioners such as civil servants may develop a unique level of in-depth expertise when developing policy for a number of years. (Paul Cairney, p. 1)
Political systems theory is “The political system, as Easton defines it, comprises those identifiable and interrelated institutions and activities (what we usually think of as governmental institutions and political processes) in a society that make authoritative allocations of values (decisions) that are binding on society. The environment consists of all phenomena—the social system, the economic system, and the biological setting—that are external to the boundaries of the political system. Thus, at least analytically one can separate the political system from all the other components of a society.” (Birkland, p. 20)
In other words, the political systems theory is concerned with government behavior that leads to decisions effecting our society. It is a narrow approach to policymaking because it is only focused on the government agency’s side of the policy. Systems theory should combine its analysis with other theories, as discussed below, if the goal is to determine the overall effectiveness of a policy.
Group theory asserts that “…public policy is the product of the group struggle…Group theory rests on the contention t...

RELATED

Essay On Theories In Science

1488 words - 6 pages The question of our origins has been probably one of the oldest and most controversial issues faced throughout the history of science. Are humans merely creations of a greater being as written in religious books, or are humans just another creature that nature has evolved? One of the key issues to this dilemma is the limitation which exists within our universe to be able to explain either one of these theories because of insufficient abilities

I agree with Bandura’s theories on behaviorism. In my very

405 words - 2 pages I agree with Bandura?s theories on behaviorism. In my very own family examples of his ideas are very prevalent. My sister is very much like my mother and had always modeled her. They are both sensitive, my mom is very neat and likes everything clean, so does my sister. My mom likes to shop, so does my sister. They even dress similar. She has always imitated my mom for as long as I can remember. My brother models my dad. They are both sports

Conspiracy Theories in the documentary based on religion, the 9/11 attack. - Personal Development - Essay

1338 words - 6 pages is the Federal Reserve Bank conspiracy theories. It is said the Feds is responsible for most of the world’s financial problems like inflation and recessions because of their manipulation of money. Every dollar given to the government from the central bank is loaned with interest which creates debt therefore the government and the public will never come out of debt. As much as we borrow money to fund unimportant things, I used to think that the

analyzing different ethical theories - business morality, ethics in context - Essay research paper

1487 words - 6 pages In our varying list of ethical theories, some focus on the morality or intention of an action and others that look to the outcome of it. These doctrines that base their ethics on the outcomes of actions are called consequentialist ethical theories. Probably the most significant of these is Utilitarianism. Essentially, this doctrine is based on the belief that maximizing utility or happiness is the greatest principle of morality. In its earliest

Theories In Spectatorship Regarding Asian American Stereotypes In Cinema Paying Particular Attention To Harold And Kumar Go To White Castle

2190 words - 9 pages goes against the grain of this stereotype. The spectator is in a way constructing an entirely new narrative from making meaning out of these moments or bits and pieces from the text such as this one. The resistance within the protagonist in the film allows resistance within the spectator. It allows the spectator to mobilize these moments and use them to surpass the dominant ideology and create a new narrative logic; One in which stereotypes are

Maternal Mortality Rates in the United States Case Study - Public Health Policy and Decision - Case Study

1010 words - 5 pages Maternal Mortality Rates in the United States Case Study Public Health Policy / Decision Making Natalie Sepulveda Problem Statement How can the United States improve the maternal mortality rate (MMR) from one of the highest compared to other industrialized countries? Background According to the CIA, in 2015, the MMR of the United States ranks 138 out of 184 countries with 14 deaths per 100,000 live births compared to Greece (184), Iceland (183

Public Opinion In California

1731 words - 7 pages pa! rticular the news media, do not alwaysaccurately reflect the lifes tyles and intentions of people who live in public housing.In an article written shortly after the riots occurred in Los Angeles in the year1992, a witness reports that the situation was not accurately portrayed in themedia. Having been present to cover the Rodney King trial, one reporterasserted that no one had intentionally been planning a riot (SacramentoObserver, 1993

Compare And Contrast Motivation Theories In Two Organisations

266 words - 2 pages SS5004 Assignment 1 with Marking Scheme Assignment 1 With reference to motivation theory, compare and contrast the management practices in two real life organisations. (At least one of these organisations must be a voluntary / community sector organisation). approximate word count Percentage of Mark Introduction to the paper 100 5% Background to the organisation 1 100 5% Background to the organisation 2 100 5% Key

a role of government in policy making - texas government - essay

732 words - 3 pages Chapter 5 &11 Campaigns and Elections Political campaigns are exceptionally huge in American governmental issues and decisions. It is the period before the electorate settles on political choices as elections. The consideration of the citizens towards governmental issues increases as the date of the elections moves close. The striking nature of voters improves as the election date moves close and could show as expanded media consideration

PS 153 Memo Essay in Regards to Tax Reform - UCSB/ Political Science 153 - Essay

1025 words - 5 pages Perm #: 9510728 U.S. Chamber of Commerce Memo To: Board of Directors of the Chamber of Commerce From: Thomas J. Donohue cc: Donald Trump Date: November 6, 2017 Re: Strategy for Tax Reform Bill Call to Action As of November 2nd, Donald Trump has unveiled a tax reform plan that will benefit businesses and the growth of the American economy. Our duty as an organization that supports and represents American businesses means it is in our best

Process Of Decision Making In An Organization For A Manager

1388 words - 6 pages Decision MakingDecision making is defined as a rational choice among alternatives. A decision is the result of making a judgment or reaching a conclusion. In order to perform their jobs well, managers must make good decision.The Decision Making Process/ The Rational Model of Decision MakingThere are different ways, or models, for thinking about decision making. Attempts to show how people should make a decision are called rational model of

Public execution in Orwell, Johnson and Thackeray - literary journalism - essay

1729 words - 7 pages century saw a transformation where there were changes in leadership which saw the development of the periodical press which gave information at all times ranging from education to entertainment. The 1830s was the age of reformation whereby authors addressed various public spheres with the aid of print culture. In the 20th century, journalism was mainly affected by political factors such as Fascism, British Imperialism and communism and thus the writers

Dressing diversities in Public Schools - ICC/ Comp 1 - Essay

1275 words - 6 pages Free themselves, while others believe school uniforms will help bring students together. Public schools should require students to wear school uniforms because this will allow students to focus more of their attention on their learning. Requiring students to wear school uniforms will allow them to be more attentive in school. Students may sometimes forget their purpose for attending school because they are focusing on things such as making sure their

The United States Foreign Policy Of Neutrality In The Early Years Of The Country

475 words - 2 pages The first foreign policy of the United States was neutrality. Just overcoming the English and getting liberty, the US faced the difficult undertaking of forming a new country. In an attempt to protect themselves from taking part in the quarrels of the Europeans and focusing on domestic affairs, a path of neutrality was followed. The roots of this first strategy can be seen as early as the administration of George Washington.Soon after

Economic Reform/Policy Mix, Covers Macro And Micro Economic Reforms In Australia

2659 words - 11 pages fills in the vacuum. Examples of public goods that the markets do not provide are defense, security, police protection and the judicial system. Education and health services are examples of quasi-public (merit) goods that the market does not provide enough of. The government should provide the first, and help in the provision of the second.5. Promoting growth and stability: The government (assisted by the Fed) should promote macroeconomic growth