Vocabulary chapter 13-16
1. Declaration of sentiments: the resolutions passed at the Seneca falls convention in 1848 calling for full female equality including the right to vote.
2. Tammany society: a fraternal organization of artisans begun in the 1780s that evolved into a key organization of the new mass politics in New York city.
3. American society for the promotion of temperance: largest reform organization of its time dedicated to ending the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
4. Temperance: reform movement originating in the 1820s that sought to eliminate the consumption of alcohol.
5. Female moral reform society: anti prostitution group founded by evangelical women in New York in 1834.
6. Seneca falls convention: the first convention for women’s equality in legal rights, held in upstate New York in 1848.
7. Shakers: the followers of mother Ann lee, who preached a religion of strict celibacy and communal living.
8. American Colonization society: an organization, founded in 1817 by antislavery reformers, that called for gradual emancipation and the removal freed blacks to Africa.
9. Appeal to the colored citizens of the world: written by David walker, a published insistence that “America is more our country, that it is the whites’ we have enriched it with our blood and tears.
10. Santa Fe Trail: 900- mile trail opened by American merchants for trading purposes following Mexico’s liberalization of the formerly restrictive trading policies of Spain.
11. Manifest destiny: doctrine first expressed in 1845, that the expansion of white Americans across the continent was inevitable and ordained by god.
12. Oregon trail: overland trail of more than two thousand miles that carried American settlers from the Midwest to new settlements in Oregon, California, and Utah.
13. Tejanos: persons of Spanish or Mexican descent born in Texas.
14. Empresarios: agents who received a land grant from the Spanish or Mexican government in return for organizing settlements.
15. Alamo: Franciscan mission at san Antonio, Texas that was the site in 1836 of a siege and massacre of Texans by Mexican troops.
16. Mexican-American war: war fought between Mexico and the united states between 1846 and 1848 over control of territory in southwest north American.
17. Popular sovereignty: solution to the slavery crisis suggested by Michigan senator Lewis Cass by which territorial residents, not congress, would decide slavery’s fate.
18. Lincoln-Douglas debates: series of debates in the 1858 Illinois senatorial campaign during which Douglas and Lincoln staked out their differing opinions on the issue of slavery.
19. Compromise of 1850: the four-step compromise which admitted California as a free state, allowed the residents of the New Mexico and Utah territories to decide the slavery issue for themselves, ended the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and passed a new fugitive slave law to enforce the constitutional provision stating that a slave escaping into a free...