This Essay Is About The Celestial Spectroscopy: Making Reality Fit The Myth

2143 words - 9 pages

In October 1859, German physicist Gustav Kirchhoff announced the results of his investigations with chemist Robert Bunsen on the dark lines that interrupt the otherwise continuous solar spectrum (1). These lines had puzzled practitioners and theorists alike since they were first observed in 1814 by German optician Josef von Fraunhofer (2).Now it seemed that Bunsen and Kirchhoff had finally confirmed what others had long suspected, namely, that an individual metal produces its own characteristic pattern of bright spectral lines when it is burned. Furthermore, Kirchhoff asserted that Fraunhofer's lines "exist in consequence of the presence, in the incandescent atmosphere of the sun, of those ...view middle of the document...

Despite this obvious hindrance, professional astronomers worked productively and creatively throughout the 19th century to make many important discoveries: the successful determinations of solar and stellar parallax, the discovery of Neptune, and confirmation of the existence of an unseen companion to the star Sirius--to name a few. Meanwhile, their amateur colleagues, many of whom were no less serious about, or adept at, studying the sky, sifted patiently and tirelessly through the heavenly haystack hoping to be the first to find one of the proverbial needles that lay hidden there.But De La Rue was right. Coupling the spectroscope to the astronomical telescope did revolutionize the way astronomy was performed, realigning the very boundaries of what astronomers considered to be acceptable research.A quarter of a century after Kirchhoff's announcement, historian of astronomy Agnes Clerke marveled at the youthful audacity of a new science she called "astronomical or cosmical physics" (6). "It promises everything," she wrote, "it has already performed much; it will doubtless perform much more." And, she identified the enterprising English amateur astronomer William Huggins (1824-1910)--not Kirchhoff, Roscoe, or De La Rue--as one of stellar spectroscopy's principal founders.A London silk merchant and self-taught amateur astronomer, Huggins joined the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) in 1854. Soon after, he retired from commercial life and moved to the suburb of Tulse Hill, where he had a substantial observatory built to house his instruments. In 1856, as he recorded his first observations in a bound notebook, Huggins began his metamorphosis from curious dilettante to confident, self-directed observer. Along with his personal correspondence and publications, these notebooks help us trace the incremental career choices by which he, a recognized novice, shaped the inner dynamics of a new research agenda in a tradition-bound exact science.Toward the end of his long career, Huggins waxed nostalgic as he witnessed his efforts being eclipsed by those of individuals like Hermann Carl Vogel (1841-1907), Edward Charles Pickering (1846-1919), and George Ellery Hale (1868-1938). With editorial assistance from his wife and collaborator, Margaret Lindsay Murray, he set to work putting his many achievements before the public, beginning in 1897 by publishing a personal retrospective entitled "The New Astronomy" in Nineteenth Century, a popular magazine of the day (7). In this stirring narrative--long a favorite source for Huggins's biographers--he recalls that soon after establishing his Tulse Hill observatory he became "a little dissatisfied with the routine character of ordinary astronomical work, and in a vague way sought about in my mind for the possibility of research upon the heavens in a new direction or by new methods." Luckily, he tells us, he had attended a lecture in 1862 given by his "friend and neighbour, Dr. W[illiam] Allen Miller."Miller, a professor...

Other Essays On This Essay Is About The Celestial Spectroscopy: Making Reality Fit The Myth

The Man The Myth Essay

426 words - 2 pages Richard KazmiMr.HickeyChemistry3/19/13Calorimetry Lab ReportPurpose: Calorimetry is the measurement of the heat flow into or out of a system for chemical and physical purposes. The purpose of this lab was to use calorimetry to find how much heat is absorbed or released when NaCl is dissolved in water. In this case, we will find the heat coming out of the system, in a chemical process.Hypothesis: Once the sodium chloride is put into the water

making the right choice is very hard, essay includes making the right choice or wrong. - english - essay

1016 words - 5 pages The right choice Bullying is one of the most common problems occurring in schools all around the world are facing. As many are trying to prevent and stop it you can never really get rid of this problem fully as it will always appear at any time or anywhere. In this scenario, it states “One of the more unpopular kids in class is being bullied. The bullying is becoming more frequent and more vicious. One day you see this kid in the office and it

this is about the lottery questions of the lottery - grade 10 English - Essay

896 words - 4 pages ? 2. When the narrator’s father tells him to open his eyes, the narrator feels “stunned, as though [his father had] awakened [him] while [he] was dreaming” (1). What does this simile suggest about the narrator’s experience finding a spring? Beginning 1 Adequate 2 Proficient 3 Point does not answer the question. Example is irrelevant to the point or is not present. Explanation is not present or does not connect to either the point and/or the

This essay is about the piece of art "Kiss of Judas." - Art History 101 - Essay

1247 words - 5 pages 4 Kiss of Judas The Kiss of Judas is not only a beautiful piece of art work, but it also represents many elements to express its meaning. Giotto di Bondone painted this piece of art many years ago, and is still admired to this day. Giotto di Bondone used his love for painting to express an event that took place to document what had happened. Kiss of Judas is mainly taken up by people and a form of weapons and a source of light. Many elements

The Myth of Medusa: Matriarchy vs. Patriarchy - Power of Myth and Symbol - Essay

1316 words - 6 pages todays society they are shown in a negative outlet. While the snake is a widely recognized symbol in the myth of Medusa it is also used elsewhere such as the Aboriginal creation myth as well as the story of Genesis in the Bible. With all three stories there is a sense of creation and destruction throughout. In the early Aboriginal creation myth there is the Rainbow Serpent that wakes from a deep slumber and decided to move about the earth

This assignment is about the Circus Horse Painting - Gateway English - Essay

1020 words - 5 pages are in a circus environment. In the painting, the artist uses many shades of yellows, reds, and oranges. The whole audience section is in fact a yellow color. Looking at the painting, a happy mood fluctuates among the viewers just by the colors itself. The reason for this is because the reds, yellows, and oranges that is in the painting are warm colors. Warm colors in fact are said to bring upon a feeling of happiness, and energy. This feeling is

This is about Ethical Issues handled within the Criminal Justice System - Criminal Justice - Essay

724 words - 3 pages officers during their personal life. Also, using the necessary force needed in situations, because the public is easily open to negative assumptions. Lastly, profiling is one of the most controversial hindrances to an officer. Maintaining morality is not a problem within law enforcement but acting within seconds is. Making the wrong decision can put their job and life at risk, so police are very cautious. The correct use of force is a central role of

This Essay Is About The Way In Which Technology Has Shaped Our Society

658 words - 3 pages the largest consumers society in the world?Surely, we realize these facts, but still we remain in the same pattern, seeking life happiness in material possesions. This pattern is all caused by the technology sector, making people want more than they can have. It has shaped our society into a consumers society.

This Essay Is About The PROS And CONS Of Stem Cell Research

845 words - 4 pages scientists reported that they had succeeded in isolating and culturing stem cells obtained from human embryos and fetuses. Because many diseases result from the death or dysfunction of a single cell type, scientists believe that the introduction of healthy cells of this type into a patient may restore lost or compromised function. The research of stem cells is a new study proving the a stem cell (a primitive type of cell) can be coaxed into

This Essay is an essay for history 101 that is about the colonial settlements - History 101 - History essay

1162 words - 5 pages along the southern colonies were good for growing “cash crops” such as tobacco. England also instituted the Navigation Act of 1663 into play in order to gain more wealth. What the Navigation Act of 1663 does is it makes it so that all goods that ship to english colonies must pass through England first; the purpose of this was to increase their profit. Other reasons as to why some English people wanted to colonize the New World was for religious

this essasy is about the being free - osu - engllish

1228 words - 5 pages long run. It is burned into people’s minds that they need meat for nutrients as well as protein. This statement is proven to false according to, (Dr.Axe, 2018), “fish and seafood are some of the healthiest sources of dietary protein and fatty acids in the world”. Most people believe the common false statements about meat consumption because it is what most are taught by society. With society supporting such a diet, most people are afraid of

Similar Papers

This Essay Is About Rave Culture And The Major Catagories/Types Of Individuals That Fit Into The Complex Puzzles Of "Ravers"

985 words - 4 pages other non-neutral apparel. The "Ellises" mingle with all of the classes, but still stand alone. A lot of the people who fall into this class are amateurs or do not want to fit the form of another class. Even though these the previous catigories choose to wear some pretty crazy and bizarre clothes to a party, they all have one thing in common, to be comfortable; this is proven through the t-shirts, baggy clothes, or the overall lack thereof.Now that

This Is An Essay About The Tragedies Of Space Travel

1121 words - 5 pages All the advancements in technology that were being made were not perfect and still are immune to making mistakes. On January 28, 1986 America was shocked by the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, and the death of its seven crew members. As is expected in a field of work that's exploratory and uncertain such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) space program, any tragedy that occurs often makes

The Yellow Pill Whos Reality Is Real Psychology Essay

899 words - 4 pages The Yellow Pill In the short story, “The yellow pill” written by Rog Phillips, a science fiction introducing psychological roles in reverse. There are two realities: Jerry’s reality, and Dr. Cedrick Elton’s reality. The audience does not know what to believe -- at first. The story begins with Dr. Elton, a psychiatrist, being portrayed as the normal person helping a patient from the Psych Ward. This character Gerald Bocek is in a fantasy

This Essay Is Bassicaly About How The Supreme Courts Rules In Some Cases. This Is An Honors Essay

522 words - 3 pages with their beliefs. A Supreme Court case that dealt with this was Abington SchoolDistrict v. Schempp. This case was about Bible verses being read over the P.A. system in a publicschool. Several students did not wish to listen. So, the Supreme Court had decided to try thiscase. The public school belong to the state. The Bible verses belong to the Church. So. Thosetwo were not allowed to mix with each other. Therefore, the Supreme Court had declared