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To What Extent Was The Usa A Racist Society Between 1919 And 1941?

854 words - 4 pages

The USA was a racist society to a large extent between 1919 and 1941, however it peaked in the years during and immediately after the Depression, as blacks and immigrants faced antagonism due to their holding of jobs, however menial they were. Whilst some gains were made in the black rights movement, there were still underlying racist tones throughout the country.Racism, especially towards African Americans, was ingrained in the average white American's mind, and existed throughout the 1920s. The strong racism faced by blacks in the south resulted in the Great Migrations to the North. However, the treatment of blacks in the North didn't substantially differ from that in the South. "I ...view middle of the document...

By 1932, black unemployment reached roughly 50% nationwide. Slogans such as "No jobs for Niggers until every white man has a job" were adopted by racist white groups throughout the country. "there will be no Negroes pushing wheelbarrows and boys driving trucks getting 40 cents an hour when the good white men and women, working on the fields alongside these roads can hardly earn 40 cents a day." The words of a Georgian official. As more white men became unemployed , there was increasing antagonism towards afro-Americans who held jobs, resulting in the number of lynchings increasing from 8 in 1932 to 28 in 1933. Blacks who kept their jobs suffered great hardship, with a 1935 study showing that black workers experienced an average wage drop of nearly 50% since the onset of the DepressionThe increased racism in US society during this time resulted in groups such as the Ku-Klux-Klan rising in prominence. "Ku Klux practices were being resume din the certainty that dead men did not only tell no tales but created vacancies"(McElvaine) However, the KKK had been practicing racist behavior throughout the 1920s as well. The number of lynchings by the KKK from 1918 to 1927 totalled 416 African Americans, mostly in the South. In Florida, when two black men attempted to vote in November 1920 in Ocoee, Orange County, the Klan attacked the black community. In the ensuing violence, six black residents and two whites were killed, and twenty five black homes were destroyed. Racial conflict existed between the KKK...

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