Tokugawa Regime, Fall Of The Shogunate, Transfer From Feudalism To Capialism History Assignment

5607 words - 23 pages

Q.What opened the doors was not the summons from without but an explosion from within.
Explain the crisis in the Bakuhan (Bakufu) system in the light of the above statement.
-
To European observers in the third quarter of the 19th century the collapse appeared to be both sudden and catastrophic, and the impression that it represented a complete transformation still remains among many Westerners. Yet, in reality, it came as the culmination of a series of developments that had been steadily weakening the Shogunate, and profound though the subsequent changes undoubtedly were, Japan carried into her modern era many vestiges, economic as well as political, of the older forms.
The contention that the main cause of the Shogunate’s collapse was the forced opening of the ports to foreigners cannot be sustained, although pressure from abroad was undoubtedly a contributory cause. From the later years of the 18th century the difficulty of preserving seclusion, the keystone of Tokugawa policy, was increasing. English and other European traders were insistent on the need for opening up relations with Japan, and they tried repeatedly to obtain from the Shogunate the right of calling at the ports and trading with the people. The Russians landed in Saghalien and made attempts to establish diplomatic relations with the Japanese government. The settlement of the west coast of the United States brought American ships to the Western Pacific, and many were frequently observed plying in Japanese waters. For a time the Shogun was able to evade the demands for permission to trade or to shelter. However, Commodore Perry’s forceful entry into Suraga Bay in 1854, and his refusal to leave without an agreement, is often regarded as an end to Japanese policy of isolation.
Once the breach was made, it was inevitably enlarged. In 1858, the Japanese government was compelled to sign treaties which conferred rights of trade on British, French and other nationals. Five ports were opened to foreign shipping and extra-territorial rights were granted to foreigners. The irresistible might of Westerners’ naval equipment was demonstrated to the clans most hostile to this enforced change of policy by the bombardment of Kagoshima and Shimonoseki in 1863 and 1864. Foreign aggression thus brought to light the weakness of the old regime, emphasized the need for change and determined the nature of the transformation in Japan’s economic and political life that subsequently occurred. However the view, once widely held in the West, that the bombardment of Kagoshima was the paramount cause that impelled Japan to adopt the foreign civilization has been criticized by some historians. They point out that the foreigners and their ideas were the occasion, and not the cause, of the destruction of the dual system of government. Their presence served merely to hasten what was already inevitable. According to these historians the main cause of the changes in Japan were from within and not from without; from...

Other Essays On Tokugawa Regime, fall of the shogunate, transfer from feudalism to capialism - History - Assignment

Causes of the Fall of Rome Essay - World History - Essay

466 words - 2 pages Fall of Rome Essay Rome started out as a small growing economy which later turned to a large powerful country that was ran by an Emperor. Rome had one of the largest world-wide religions as they prayed and worshipped gods. Rome was also well-known for its architecture and studies in math, science, and engineering. However, since Rome had a high system of education and beliefs, Rome became overpopulated to the points its borders were spilling out

Summery of Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum - Lane Community College, Associate of Arts Oregon Transfer Degree - Assignment

780 words - 4 pages mind. She said that the teacher implements their desire for the students whatever they think. Secondly, Anyon explained about the success story of middle-class schools. She indicated to the success which means getting the right answer as the grading of the students' work is completely different from the working class. Even though, the student has various options to solve the math problems and technique to understand the assigned pages, critical

Culminating Essay; Analysis of the novel Dooley takes the Fall - PETHS English - Assignment

586 words - 3 pages because it’s hard for one to rise above their own thoughts. Brainstorming Chart Theme: When faced with a shocking or stressful experience that cause a deeper understanding about themselves, individuals often feel as if they have personally grown from the incident. Text: “I wanted to apologize [...] for what happ- for what I did [...] I am sorry [...] I really am.” (McClintock, 310)  Symbols: · The bridge Mark was pushed off of · Dooley’s

Response to Literature "The Fall of Freddy the Leaf" by Leo Buscaglia

466 words - 2 pages fact, the whole park was transformed into a blaze of color." Each of the leaves became a new, beautiful color. This change from summer to fall made the tree lose its green color but instead receive the amazing new identity they were granted. With their change, the wind that they used to have fun and dance in metamorphosed into an angry wind that pulled at their stems. This caused some leaves to fall down on the ground because it was considered

The Fall of the Roman Empire

523 words - 3 pages though taxes were going up, revenues were going down, hastening the decline of the Roman state. Wealthy landowners avoided the heavy taxes by withdrawing from society altogether and making their own little communities. In the end, there was no money left to pay the army, build ships, or protect the borders.In the end, the fall of Rome was fundamentally due to over taxation, inflation, the sheer size of the empire, and it's own inability to regulate it's policies, and manage resources throughout its territories.

events leading to the ending of world war one - high school history - assignment

706 words - 3 pages , people(including women and children), and money, to help try to win the war. A certain part of the war was fought at sea. British ships formed a blockade in order to stop goods from reaching Germany. Many Germans did not have enough food and relied on potato crops. Germany retaliated by sinking British ships with submarines. This retaliation did not last long because U.S. president Woodrow Wilson threatened to cut all ties with Germany if they

lecture from history 3405 on the history of china - OSU - notes

864 words - 4 pages History 3405 lecture 2 1. Establishing sovereignty A. CKS and KMT retreated to Taiwan during first half of 1949, where ROC continues down to today 1. Followed upon PLA’s civil war successes in a. Manchuria sept-nov 1948 b. Battle of huaihai (central china around Xuzhou, Jiangsu) (nov 1948-jan 1949 commanded by deng Xiaoping) c. PLA eventually liberated the south, SW and west d. CKS/KMT held onto small islands off Fujian, Pescadores and Taiwan B

The Maya-The Culture And The Fall Of The Empire

254 words - 2 pages The classic Maya culture started to decline in the 8th and 9th centuries A.D. Most of the cities of the central lowlands had been abandoned. Earthquakes, invasions by outsiders, famine, warfare, and drought have all been suggested as possible causes for the fall of the Mayan civilization. By 900 A.D. almost all of the ceremonial centers had been abandoned. Jungle growth had hid many of the sites from destruction by the Spanish conquistadors. The

The Essay, My Dad, Was Written During My First Year Of College As A Creative Writing Assignment. I Choose To Compose Upon A Memory From My Childhood

711 words - 3 pages details that occured. When I was about the age of ten my parents decided to separate. At my young age I, like most typical children at that age, I didn't exactly understand the circumstances. It was exceptionally difficult to cope with. Throughout all the arguments between my parents, I recall a few lines of one argument clearly, like a bottle of purified drinking water. I remember standing outside of my mother's bedroom door that was slightly

How Chris Brown Can Be Compared To Dancers From the Past - Dance - Assignment

509 words - 3 pages and as Brown slowly glides, he demonstrates his joy. When Chris Brown says “it’s party time” the shot then cuts from him dancing to a wide range of people following him, creating the party mood and pumping their fist into the air. This reinforces the idea about forgetting problems and living life! “Yeah 3x” is a feel-good music video demonstrating that life ends fast so it’s important to have fun at least once. This fun clip is omitted of any

“Some Sweet Talk, Small Talk, From Will Parr to the World” - English - Assignment

497 words - 2 pages How would the story be different if the diction the author used were more complex? The short, monosyllabic words and diction in “Some Sweet Talk, Small Talk, From Will Parr to the World”, by Thomas Fox Averill, evoke mood and characterize in a way that, without them, the story would be very different. At the very beginning of the story, Will describes his wife. “She was the first one in my life to let me speak. With few words or a lot, she let

Similar Papers

The Rise And Fall Of The Erie Canal American History To 1865 Assignment

454 words - 2 pages In this article titled Rise and Fall of the Ohio and Erie Canal, it goes in depth about the economic and political considerations that helped influence the abandonment of the Erie Canal. These considerations could very well also be what led to the original rise of the Canal. The article goes on to state that "As early as the middle of the eighteenth century, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson discussed the desire for advancement into the

Historical Transition From Feudalism To The Modern Day Humber/War And Terrorism Essay

513 words - 3 pages Joven Vergara N01232469 Q: Critically discuss the historical transition from Feudalism to the modern day, including references to the renaissance, the Reformation, and the Scientific Revolution. Explain at least three ways in which the global landscape has changed or was different by the end of the early modern era. Feudalism was a type of government that preceded before our modern system. During this period the most powerful persons are the

Explaining The Ethics Of War: Examples From The Fall Of Constantinople And The Afghanistan War Grade 12 Philosophy Class Assignment

2306 words - 10 pages war should be waged and analyzing two widely known conflicts that have occured throughout the history of war: The Fall of Constantinople and The Afghanistan War. Ethics of War Human beings have been fighting each other since the prehistoric times, and the rights and wrongs of it have been argued for almost as long. Despite the undeniable fact that some wars have been fought for justice and peace, wars have always led to fear, destruction, and

Heat Transfer From Extended Surfaces Thermodynamics/Heat Transfer Lab Lab Assignment

939 words - 4 pages = Average temperature of rod, obtained by averaging the steady-state values of TC1 and TC8. In absolute temperature units (K). T∞ = Air temperature in absolute temperature units (K). The emissivity of the surface of the rod was already given to be 0.95. The values needed for TAVG and T∞ were determined to be 353.45 K and 296.15 K, respectively. Solving for the heat transfer coefficient for radiation, The determined value for ‘h’ was the combined heat transfer coefficient for both radiation and convection. To solve for only the heat transfer from convection, the following equation is used, = 0.3768 – 1.73 Therefore, = -1.3481= -1.35