Tourism Essay

575 words - 3 pages

SECTION 1: L.O.1 - DEFINITIONS1.DEFINITIONS OF TOURISM*"Tourism is the sum of the phenomena and relationship arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, in so far as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity". (Hunziker & Krapf, 1942)*"Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movements for all purposes, as well as day visitors or excursions". (Institute of tourism, 1976)*"The tourist industry consists of all those firms, organisations and facilities which are intended to serve the specific needs and wants of tourists". (Leipner,1979: p. 400)*"Tourism may be defined in terms of particular activities ...view middle of the document...

(WTO & UNSTAT, 1993)*"The field of research on human and business activities associated with one or more aspects of the temporary movement of persons away from their immediate home communities and daily work environments for business, pleasure and personal reasons". (Chadwick, 1994: p. 65) Tourist: "a person who travels for the primary purpose of: business (e.g. consultations, conventions andinspections), other personal business (e.g. shopping, medical or legal appointment or an educationalstudy trip), visiting friends and relatives (e.g. primary activities might include socialising, dining out orhome entertainment) and pleasure (e.g. sport, recreation, sightseeing and dining out). As long as such atraveller is visiting (for less than one year) an unfamiliar destination (the host community) from that theperson normally resides in, then that person may be regarded as being a tourist10".Sustainable Tourism: "sustainable tourism development meets the needs of present tourists and hostregions while protecting and enhancing opportunities for the future. It is envisaged as leading tomanagement of all resources in such a way that economic, social, aesthetic needs can be fulfilled whilemaintaining cultural integrity essential ecological processes, biological diversity, and life supportsystems.Sustainable tourism products are products which are operated in harmony with the local environment,community, and cultures, so that these become the permanent beneficiaries not the victims of tourismdevelopment"11.10 Hunter, C,. & Green, H,. (1995). Tourism and the Environment: A sustainable relationship? London: Routledge,p. 2.11 World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), World Tourism Organisation (WTO) & Earth Council, (1997).Agenda 21 for the travel and Tourism Industry, p.30.

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