Transfer Of Learning: Not Just An Afterthought

1782 words - 8 pages

Transfer of Learning: Not Just An Afterthought Why should we focus on transfer of learning/training? Training is an investment. However, studies have estimated that only 10% of training dollars invested result in actual change on the job (Georgenson, 1982). The loss to organizations is significant. In Canada, the annual amount invested in training is estimated to be $4 billion. In the United States, the annual figure is estimated to be more than $100 billion (Gist, 1990). If employees are seen as resources, then money spent on training must be viewed as investments in human capital development. ?Transfer? refers to the implementation in the work environment of the skills acquired during ...view middle of the document...

To solve the transfer problem, there must first be consensus as to the meaning of the transfer of learning.Defining Transfer of Learning J. Kevin Ford, associate professor, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, believes to define transfer of learning one must first ask the following four questions and there you will find the meaning in your answers. Transfer of learning can take on multiple meanings depending on the way trainers, planners, and implementers answer the following four questions.1. What do you expect to change during an organized educational experience? 2. What behaviors and in what settings do you expect the learner to apply the newly acquired knowledge, skills or attitudes? 3. What are the Barriers or Inhibitors to the effective Transfer of Learning? 4. How long do you expect the acquired knowledge, skills or attitudes to be maintained over time? Transfer of learning can take on a multitude of meanings depending on how we answer the above questions. The questions not only have implications for evaluation, but also for the planning and design. What to consider to incorporate in the design and evaluation of the program depends on the answer to whether change in knowledge, skills, or attitudes is expected. Where or what settings to consider depends on an intent of generalization. Why barriers to behavioral change exist must be considered in program design to minimize their influence on transfer. When to measure transfer outcomes depends on how long knowledge, skills, and attitudes must be retained in order to conclude that successful transfer has occurred.It?s clear that we must not think about evaluating the transfer of learning after the training. The transfer of learning is a process that must be addressed before, during and after the training. How can we do this? The Training Process We have to consider the whole training process. The needs assessment, the design, the delivery and the evaluation are all part and parcel and each plays an equally important part in shaping the success of the learning process. These four stages that are performed by the trainer are the foundation for learning. Without all four stages thought out or implemented properly there may be no learning.In order for our organization to ensure transfer of learning we need to be sure that the trainers we have in place recognize the value of and practice all four stages. We need to have people in place that can: 1. Assess the Need for Training- be adept in determining who needs training and why they need training. We need them through their assessment to identify the driving forces behind training requests and to evaluate what impact training will have on bottom-line results. They cannot assume transfer.2. Design Learner-Based Training ? to include transfer component in design, identify training goals and ?what? is to transfer, plan with learner and management, develop materials understanding application context, select training methods w...


Example Of How Not To Write An Historical Essay

1501 words - 7 pages to inform parents.I find that this school admits and promotes any student regardless of ability and then by the time they reach IB2 they are far out of their depth with the school unable or unwilling to help them. One of my IB1 students for example cannot even write an English sentence and yet he was placed in my grade 11 history class with native speakers. So too was a Chinese girl who had failed all of her final exams, all but one of her remake

“What is the point of learning about risk and return if I am planning to be an accountant”. - afin253 - essay

1095 words - 5 pages Word counts: 1003 words According to Arora (2010), accounting could be considered as a sub-function of finance as it generates information or data related to the activities of an organization. Once it is related to finance, there are many issues to deal with, including risk and return, which are very common components in financial management. This assessment will analyze the question what is the point of learning about risk and return for an

Romeo And Juliet's Love Is Not Real Love, But Only An Idea Of The Real Aspect Of True Love

1161 words - 5 pages her to the stars and the moon, but he does not have true feelings for her. In Act 2, the balcony scene, Romeo says, "O wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied (2.2.125)?" when he has just met this girl. He could not actually have true feelings her because feelings grow over time as you get to know the other person, not in 20 minutes or an hour. At the end of the play when Romeo finds Juliet dead in the Church, he decides to drink poison because that is

An Essay Portraying A Basic Understanding Of Bilingualism In Children, Including Definitions, Adavantages And Disadvantages, And Critical Ages In Which Learning Is Best

615 words - 3 pages not intellectually disadvantaged from those who speak only one language, it is possible for bilingual children to not develop adequately enough either of the two languages they are learning to be able to grasp enough of each language to be proficiant in either of them. This is most likely to happen in an incident where the child doesn't have enough exposure to what would be a dominant, accepted language in the community, since that language is not

What are stakeholders? Why can they influence organisations? Do stakeholders always have the same amount of influence over an organisation? Why or why not?<Tab/>

427 words - 2 pages great influence on organisations.Stakeholders do always have the same amount of influence over an organisation and the organisation has to take into account when formulating its strategies. It is because stakeholders have a great influence in the organisation. They can simply just withdraw their support from the organisation. Stockholders may sells their shares, employees leave their job and customers but elsewhere. Besides that, suppliers are

In Not More Than 300 Words, Write A Descriptive Account Of Harmen Steenwyck's "Still Life: An Allegory Of The Vanities Of Human Life"

372 words - 2 pages Free "An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life" by Harmen Steenwyck is an oil painting which falls within the genre of a "Vanitas" popularised by Dutch painters during the 17th century. The theme of this type of painting is meant to evoke thoughts of the futility of possessions within human life.The angle of vision is close to and looking down drawing the spectators gaze upon a wooden table housing various objects. A strong shaft of light, perhaps

How 'Roseanne', the tv show relates to the sociological aspect of women and work. I had to write this for an extra credit paper, it's not great, but it gets the point across

524 words - 3 pages Ever since I started college in the fall, I haven't really been able towatch as much television that I would like to. I have been able too catchsnippets here and there, but nothing really "in depth". One show that I usedto watch was Roseanne. Some of the things that seem natural to thecharacters on the show reflect what we have been studying all semester inthis class.Roseanne, a wife and a mother of three, is a stubborn, loud, andobnoxious

Reflection Paper on an Immersion in Washington D.C. - Pacific School of Religion - Reflection Paper

1003 words - 5 pages as a God of all peoples. Either God is identified with the oppressed to the point that their experience becomes God’s experience, or God is a God of racism…. The blackness of God means that God has made the oppressed condition God’s own condition. This is the essence of the Biblical revelation. By electing Israelite slaves as the people of God and by becoming the Oppressed One in Jesus Christ, the human race is made to understand that God is known where human beings experience humiliation and suffering…Liberation is not an afterthought, but the very essence of divine activity”.

Peer Learning Summary

657 words - 3 pages productive workers when they first start. This allows the bar to be set fairly high and new employees can begin to see what is expected of them and how much work is going to be needed to be put into the job. The paper does not claim to have information about how the brain processes learning but instead just the differences between learning from an outside peer as opposed to a peer inside the organization. These differences indicate that most sales

man or monster - the nature of Frankenstein's monster - intro to lit - essay

994 words - 4 pages some sort of afterthought about the action, but the creature doesn’t, he just continues along on his journey. The only sense of spiritualism the creature might have would be derived from Paradise Lost, which is largely written, albeit accidentally, in the favour of Lucifer. Plato’s theory of human nature describes humans as being rational creatures. It’s hard to think of the creature as being rational. Simply put, he was unhappy and didn’t get what

Do brain training programs improve cognitive abilities? - Psychology - Research paper

1627 words - 7 pages , although the experimental groups showed improvements on the trained tasks, they did not do well on the transfer ones, which indicates that there was no transfer effect. The finding by Owen’s team is similar to what Daniel Simons, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and his colleagues concluded in their recent exhaustive meta-analysis of more than 130 studies in the cognitive training literature (Simons et al

Programming Lego NXT to operate heat exchanger - ChE Analysis - Assignment

936 words - 4 pages learn a new programming system and the basics of a double pipe heat exchanger. With the programming team members now know the fundamentals of how pumps are ran. Although mistakes are made, each member realized how important the base of an automatic valve regulating program can be in real life. Now students are also familiar with the setup of the tubes and how fluids flow through a double-pipe heat exchanger. Overall, the experiment became a great learning experience. With the many sources of error, the team still operated the heat exchanger successfully. The experiment helped with future involvement with the sort of equipment and more knowledge of fluid mechanics.

teaching strategies in a multicultural setting - unisa - assignment

1748 words - 7 pages Free and who’s not. The level of language should also be appropriate. The educator controls the way in which a subject is taught. An example of this is the procedure of solving for Pythagoras in mathematics or explaining a chemical process such as decomposition. This is done by taking the form of a short lecture together with questions and activities, a direct explanation and demonstration. Aids such as overhead projectors, videos and chalkboards can be

persuasive essay about different advertising - english - paper

1685 words - 7 pages determination. All of these characteristics are transfer to the product. Furthermore, the technique of Sex Appeal is used by showing as the primary visual an attractive and seductive woman. She is using a dress with a deep neckline showing her breasts. In the picture, she is not wearing a bra to make a connection with the phrase “I never even thought of burning my bra until I discovered Smirnoff.” This phrase has a relationship with an event during

assignment for the project of a enterpreneurship idea - Syracuse University - assignment

1467 words - 6 pages send packages everyday. However, packages lost easily since we don’t have place to secure them. For delivery couriers, it is also inconvenient because students have classes at daytime, they have no choice but to wait or throw the packages in front of door. As a result, I came up with an idea of a Wi-fi connected package transfer station. It works both for receiving and delivering . To be specific, the machine has lockers with different sizes to