Understanding Work And Organisations Newcastle University, Bus2019 Essay

2450 words - 10 pages

Patric Cochrane, BUS2019, Understanding Work & Organisations
The ideas of the classical theorists, particularly those of bureaucracy and scientific management, are generally considered as rather old fashioned and out of date, and of little relevance to work and organisation today.
Is this really the case? Consider the above statement through a critical examination of practices which can be identified in work today. In your analysis, you should draw upon appropriate academic material, and also other sources which can help in identifying current practices. These can include your own experiences from work, those of family relatives and friends, weblogs, working life diaries, newspaper articles and other media reports.
Management and its differing theories have an extensive influence on the world of work. Understanding these theories is therefore of paramount importance to understanding how organisations perform and operate. I will be examining two main theories; bureaucratic and scientific management, in terms of their origins and how relevant they are in the workplace today.
The theory of bureaucratic management was established by the world-renowned Max Weber (1864-1920). He has been described (Grimsley 2014) as the ‘father of the bureaucratic management theory.’ Weber was a German sociologist with a profession as a political economist. Throughout his lifetime he embarked on many different studies, bureaucracy being his most notable.
His theory involved structuring an organisation into a strict hierarchy, with the most powerful and influential people at the top, right down to the workers at the bottom. The organisation was then controlled by clearly well-defined, rational-legal decision-making rules. (Grey 2005) talks in his book of how Weber thought society could be held together, stating that ‘people somehow submitted to the will of others because they believed those others had the right to give the orders.’ Within this management theory everything is meticulous, with stringent parameters on every aspect of the everyday administration of the company. A thought-provoking article (Mulder 2017) even described communications between employees as impersonal and objective.
There are further criticisms of this theory too. The term bureaucracy is acknowledged to bring with it ‘red tape’ due to the stringent guidelines surrounding most procedures. This inevitably leads to excess paperwork and therefore an increased workload for managers, resulting in an inefficient use of their valuable time. Weber also places a lot of importance on division of labour, which in turns leads to highly skilled and somewhat specialised workers. This can be good for quality of work but can result in tedious practice for the employees. Bureaucratic management structures are clearly visible today, especially within public sector organisations.
Next is the scientific management theory, fathered by the American mechanical engineer, F. W. Taylor (1856-1915). Taylor and Weber...

Other Essays On Understanding Work and Organisations - Newcastle University, BUS2019 - Essay

Understanding Language and Literacy - Swinburne - Essay

1296 words - 6 pages Language is a most vital component for early childhood development. Language acquisition is an everyday and yet magical feat of childhood. Although language is such an exclusive and complicated skill, children can learn it quickly. In this essay I will be looking into how children acquire the components of language which are; phonological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic development also the role nature and nurture play in supporting the

Understanding health and safety - A level - essay

5567 words - 23 pages Yasmin Hodges Unit 27;Understanding Health and Safety 02/01/2017 Introduction- Within this report, I will be explaining the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety and security, of those employed by Sainsbury's business. Then I will be, describing the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace, as well as assessing the implications of health, safety and security legalisation and regulations for a business role in a

UNDERSTANDING THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF INTERNALLY ASSURING THE QUALITY OF ASSESSMENT - IMSATT - Essay

719 words - 3 pages Qualification: Level 4 IQA – Unit A Type: Portfolio Signatories: Student, Assessor, IQA* Unit Submission Cover Sheet This form must be completed for each final unit submission Qualification / Unit:1 Candidate Name: Assessor Name: Final Submission Date: Candidate Declaration: ‘I confirm that the work/evidence presented for assessment is my own unaided work.’ I have read ELN’s Terms and Conditions and understand that if I am found to have ‘copied

Assessment in social work – application to a case study - The Open University - Essay

2097 words - 9 pages This essay will look at the social work assessment process through the story of Angharad who is a single, retired primary teacher after years of independent living found herself reaching crisis point due to physical and mental health decline (The Open University, 2016a). An assessment to establish what services are needed to help Angharad is required, while her needs and views are kept at the centre so she feels empowered in her situation (SSSC

ART ESSAY ON DALE AND HIS ART WORK - Art Appreciation - ESSAY

462 words - 2 pages Nguyen 1 Nguyen 3 Mickey Nguyen James Goebel 1301-40107 10 September, 2018 Reflective Essay: Dale Chihuly: Glassman Dale Chihuly was widely known for his masterpieces and his satisfying glassworks. His art work displayed vibrant colors, exotic, odd shapes. He lived a memorable and outlandish lifestyle. He was remembered for having such a character, he displayed himself different from anyone else. Chihuly displayed creative glasswork that

changing work patterns for women, technology and life balance - school - explain essay

704 words - 3 pages task. Criteria for Assessing Learning Students will be assessed on their ability to: · Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding of different types of employment and changing work practices. · Demonstrate Skills in evaluating research to determine the extent to which traditional workplaces have changed over time. · Communicate using appropriate commercial terminology and concepts in a structured response. All My Own Work By submitting this task I

Simulation Analysis, Leadership and Ethic Issues about Everest Simulation group work. - MGTS1301 - Essay

1180 words - 5 pages members. Managers need to achieve not only a relationship-oriented leadership model but also a task-oriented model. In the simulation process, managers should gradually improve the program to adapt to the actual situation. However, people who work in technology or operations should focus on their field. It is critical for them to achieve personal goals. For me, I am an environmentalist, and all I need to do is reduce my rescue and stay in Camp 4. The

A basic understanding of concrete and it is used in modern society - memorial university of newfoundland - essay

2858 words - 12 pages are cast form one sample of concrete are tested at different intervals of time to determine if there are any issues with the curing process of the sample, and to give a relative strength for the concrete. With a basic understanding of the important qualities of concrete, different mix designations can be discussed. Although it does not perform as well as conventional concrete with compressive strength tests, roller-compacted concrete (RCC) is a

Combined cooling and heating power - University - Essay

1486 words - 6 pages first year on studying core courses that will help me during my research work and also on learning Chinese language since it is very essential for experiencing the true culture of china, and effective communication with both the university colleagues and local community. I would like to attend relevant seminars and conferences at the university. This time will also be utilized for finalizing my research topic and direction after exploring

Drinking and Driving in Wisconsin - Understanding substance abuse - Essay

917 words - 4 pages . References Talukder, Gargi. “Decision-Making Is Still a Work in Progress for Teenagers.” Brain Connection, 9 Dec. 2016, brainconnection.brainhq.com/2013/03/20/decision-making-is-still-a-work-in-progress-for-teenagers/. Staff, NBC15. “Wisconsin Ranked Worst State for Excessive Drinking.” Content, Dec. 2018, www.nbc15.com/content/news/Wisconsin-ranked-top--502754122.html. Nolo. “Wisconsin's Drunk Driving Laws and Penalties.” Dui.drivinglaws.org, Nolo, 16 Oct. 2018, dui.drivinglaws.org/wisconsin.php. Hanson, Glen, et al. Drugs and Society. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2018.

A Comparison of "Autumn Logging" and "All In A Day" - English 306, Literature of Work, Athabasca University - English Essay

770 words - 4 pages Sarah Furlong 3255296 Bernard Bloom English 306 June 12, 2018 A Comparison of “Autumn Logging” and “All in a Day” “Autumn Logging” by M.C. Warrior and “All in a Day” by Herbert Applebaum are two short, to the point poems written about each man’s feelings about a day’s work. The poems focus on outdoor labour in a concise and straightforward manner, making for an easily comprehensible read for the audience. Warrior’s poem depicts the nature of a

Similar Papers

3 Hrc Understanding Organisations And The Role Of Hr Reading College Assignment

410 words - 2 pages 3HRC - Understanding Organisations and the Role of Human Resources Activity 1.1 The main purpose of Thames Water is to provide its 6 million customers with wholesome water and waste water services 365 days of the year. With millions of customers relying on safe clean drinking water every day, their goal is to be the most respected utility by 2022. To achieve their goal they are investing millions of pounds every year into their network

Decision Making Apple Vs Google Newcastle Essay Innovation And Leadership

1531 words - 7 pages Lilley, S. (2009). Management and Organization: A critical text (2nded.), Palgrave MacMillan, London. Chapter 14: Decision making in organizations, pp. 667-708 Nelson, D. L. & Quick, J. C. (2007). Understanding organizational behaviour (5th ed.). Nashville, TN: South-Western College Pub. 1420 Words (sblm reference list)

Values And Ethics Of Social Work Practice University Bsc2year Essay

2713 words - 11 pages between the client and the worker promotes a conducive work environment and as such gives room for efficient productivity as evidenced by Stoesen, (2003) Changes in the workplace should be adopted to ensure continued service delivery. For any system to prosper, there has to be a mutual understanding of all stakeholders present. The caregivers should also have their needs attended to, to ensure they are at their best while providing the services

Understanding And Managing People Motivation Mmu Essay

2139 words - 9 pages Term 2 – Essay Understanding and Managing People Christina Purcell Edlaine Xavier 16039214 1940 words Motivation is connected to the feeling of achievement and professional recognition that a person manifests by achieving tasks with a great meaning for that person’s career (Smallbusiness.chron.com, 2015). In most companies the employees are motivated when the business actually shows them recognition for what they’ve done or been doing. This