Utilitarianism And John Stuart Mill Hofstra University; Philosophy 14 Essay

656 words - 3 pages

Nora Darragh
Originally established by Jeremy Bentham, the functional belief of Benthamism was well altered by his successor John Stuart Mill, who popularized it as Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism and its main concept is that whether actions are morally right or the opposite.
Mill’s doctrine of utility explains that in order to obtain happiness, there must be a pursuit in gaining happiness and the process of gaining pleasure. This is known as the Right Action Theory which further states that people are motivated by an interest in what they have to gain from their actions. John Stuart Mill then goes on to believe that there are different measures and different kinds of pleasures. Some pleasures are more superior to others and it differentiates the amount of happiness that they can bring to each individual. He mentions “of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience or both give a decided preference, irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure” (John Stuart Mill, page 206). Mill measures the differences of pleasure based on the hedonist measurement which is a qualitative way compared to a quantitative way.
To him, higher pleasures are ones of thought, feeling, and imagination while lower ones are ones of the body and the senses. “They pursue sensual indulgences to the injury of health, though perfectly aware that health is a greater good” (John Stuart Mill, page 208). Mill feels that since people are more exposed to pleasures of the body and if it’s more easily accessible, they won’t have any better option besides accepting it. A main point in utilitarianism is that people should act in ways that they would like to be treated. The Greatest Happiness Principle explains that when confronted with a choice, you should choose the option which will produce the greatest balance of happin...


Essay On John Stuart Mill

1343 words - 6 pages Free having attempted to distinguish the area in which an individual is free to act upon his will, opinions and thoughts.To Mill, one could never be certain about the reality or fabrication of a certain opinion or viewpoint. Any assumption of complete certainty of the truth or falsity of an opinion was an allusion to the infallibility of man. In addition, those who assumed this, and consequently stifled an opinion, excluded all others from hearing that

Assignment On Mill And Justice- Philosophy

1546 words - 7 pages individual implies and testifies to this more binding obligation." (40)Ashton DoughertyBibliographyPhilosophy 1301 Introductory to Philosophy class notes."Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill". Bennett, Jonathan. Editorial. September 2005.

Nicomachean Ethics and Utilitarianism - Philosophy - Research Paper

1062 words - 5 pages of happiness for the greatest number of people. According to John Stuart Mill, “… for that standard is not the agent’s own greatest happiness, but the greatest amount of happiness altogether…” (Mill 14). As I study medicine and Biology, my hopes in becoming a doctor strives in making others happy as I do a job I love. If anything, my ultimate goal in life is to make an impact in as many people’s lives as I can. I hope to one day receive my

Deontology, Act Utilitarianism and the Pursuit of Autonomy - McMaster University, Philosophy - Case Study

1456 words - 6 pages Free their medical care (Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs,1994). Act Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory proposed by John Mill, which argues that an action is morally correct only if it produces the greatest possible degree of happiness (utility), or the least degree of unhappiness (disutility) for all those affected by the action. In order to asses this case through an Act Utilitarianism framework, we must first calculate the utilities

John Hick and Pluralism - Philosophy - Essay

870 words - 4 pages Philosophy 200 Religious Pluralism This essay will cover John Hick's thoughts and views on Religious pluralism, which will include his interpretation of Religious Pluralism, the reasons why he feels it is the most plausible viewpoint to have toward religion, what he believes is at the core of all faiths, conflicts he has regarding descriptions of ultimacy, metaphysical beliefs, and religious history, how he dismisses and discards those

Utilitarianism and Capital Punishment - Study of Religion - Essay

1222 words - 5 pages order to increase our happiness and pleasure, thus allowing us to live a good life. Utilitarianism is the moral theory that states that the the level of morality of an action is determined by “the balance of good over evil that is produced by that action” (Pecorino, n.d.). The most important classical utilitarians are Jeremy Bentham and his protégée John Stuart Mill, both of which were renowned theorists and social reformers. Their fundamental

Ethical Theories - Utilitarianism, Deontology Ethics and Virtue Ethics - Ethics - Essay

3689 words - 15 pages What are the major approaches to normative ethics? Which approach do you consider the most coherent or reasonable? Why? Throughout the Western philosophical tradition, the question on how should one live can be approached in three different ways, namely, Matethics, Normative ethics and Applied normative ethics. However, this essay examines the major approaches to normative ethics – specifically, Utilitarianism, which emphasizes that one should

Philosophical analysis of "Being John Malkovich" - MCC Philosophy 101 - Essay

808 words - 4 pages Bryan Howard Professor Gillette Intro to Philosophy 7/12/18 A philosophical analysis of “Being John Malkovich” “Being John Malkovich” is certainly a unique film with a very interesting and unique plotline. It brings up a lot of questions about what it means to be someone else, what it means to be yourself and most importantly what it means to be John Malkovich. In the Movie a Puppeteer named Craig Schwartz finds a portal in an office building

Hate Speech in Public Areas and Universities - The University of New Mexico, Philosophy 156 - Essay

1710 words - 7 pages The University of New Mexico Hate Speech in Public Areas and Universities Joseph A. Armijo Philosophy 156-005 Mr. James Bodington 5/06/17 Word Count: 1,712 The freedom of speech is protected under the First Amendment of our constitution. Through this right, great strides or acts have been made that are revered in American history. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was able to take steps in abolishing segregation through his powerful and effective

virtue ethics in jouralism question - philosophy, university of warwick - essay

1876 words - 8 pages Hursthouse, Rosalind and Pettinggrove, Glen. (2016). Virtue Ethics, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. [Online]. Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ [Accessed: 17/11/2017] Crisp, Roger and Slote, Michael. (1997). Virtue Ethics. 1st. United States: Oxford University Press. Pp.163-177. Swanton, Christine. (2003). Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View, 1st. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2

Wittgenstein’s Language Concept - pccc and philosophy - essay

951 words - 4 pages Belle 2 Glennisann Belle Professor John Fruncillo Philosophy 101 October 12th, 2018. Wittgenstein’s Language Concept Ludwig Wittgenstein was born April 26th, 1889 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. He was regarded by many as the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. Wittgenstein’s works were very instrumental in the twenty-century philosophy of language. He made a significant contribution to conversations on language, logic, and metaphysics and

John Doris essay on situationism and the Holocaust - Philosophy - Essay

555 words - 3 pages Situationism: the theory that human behavior is more so determined by surrounding circumstances than by personal qualities. A philosophical situationist, John Doris, in “Lack of Moral Character” expresses that one’s situation is more prominent than their personal dispositions. This theory discusses the social psychology behind the ethical concept of character and ways that human behavior is inconsistent with certain situations. Doris uses a

7 up film analysis symon and john - sociology - essay

575 words - 3 pages participants, ranging from extreme lower class to the upper-upper class, all faced various adversities and triumphs in life. John Brisby and Symon Basterfield distinctly represent their respective social classes. John grew up incredibly wealthy and has remained so. He attended private schools during his childhood and was politically active by the age of 14. On the other hand, Symon Basterfield was born illegitimately and lived in a charity home for a

Letters of John and A big agreement letter - Troy - Essay

3722 words - 15 pages providence under your protection and in immitation of the Supreem Being make use of that power only for our happiness. Your ever faithful friend. John Adams to Abigail Adams [Philadelphia], April 14, 1776 You justly complain of my short Letters, but the critical State of Things and the Multiplicity of Avocations must plead my Excuse. — ask what Sort of Defence Virginia can make. I believe they will make an able Defence. Their Militia and minute

John Wayne Gacy biological theory - Crime and Criminology - Essay

1830 words - 8 pages of insanity plea(Guy Lucky). Gacy spent 14 years on death row, during which made clown paintings that sold for thousands of dollars. Furthermore, in an interview with John W. Gacy, he referred to his victims as male prostitutes, hustlers, and liars. He kept blaming the victims saying that if they did not run away in the first place none of that would have happened. In an interview with Channel 2 News Extra he said, “This breakdown of the church