Public Speaking #1
Honors U.S. History 1
After the discovery that athletes could be participating in school drug problems, the Vernonia School District adopted a random drug test policy for student-athletes. Once the policy was introduced it required students and their parents to sign a paper agreeing to this to a random drug test of 10% of the athletes, before they were allowed to participate in sports.
Many students and parents agreed to sign off, but not James Acton and his parents. James was a seventh-grade student at a Vernonia School District School and planned on playing an interscholastic sport, Football in the fall of 1991. After not signing the paper, James was not allowed to participate football, the family then filed a lawsuit seeking declaratory and injunctive relief, saying this policy violates the fourth and fourteenth amendment to the constitution. The 4th amendment says and I quote that, “ It prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires a warrant.” A warrant is a piece of paper signed by court officials saying there is the authority to search a person's things, for James Acton this was searching for drugs. The 14th amendment says and I quote, "no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without a due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws". This...