Victimology Review And Study Guid - English - Research

1034 words - 5 pages

Chapter 6 Sexual Victimization 
What is sexual victimization? 
-Encompasses victimizations of people that involve sexual behavior 
-Wide range of behaviors from videotaping to forced penetration 
-Physical injury and psychological trauma are included in effects of victimization 
Original definition = “carnal knowledge” 
-Forced and non-consensual vaginal penetration of a woman who was not married to the 
Current definitions – include males and females as victims and most states have withdrawn the 
exclusion of husbands as perpetrators 
Common indicators of rape 
-Nonconsensual contact between genital, anal, or oral areas of a victim and genital, hand, or 
finger of the perpetrator  
-Perpetrator could also use an object to penetrate victim 
-Lack of consent or inability to consent 
UCR Definition of Rape Effective January 1, 2013 
Old Definition: 
-Carnal knowledge of a female forcible against her will 
-Excludes long list of sex offenses: 
-Oral and anal penetration, penetration with objects, rape of males 
New Definition: 
-Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral 
penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim  
NCVS Definitions of Rape 
Rape (NCVS) 
-Forced sexual intercourse including vaginal, anal or oral penetration involving psychological 
coercion as well as physical force 
-Forced sexual intercourse means penetration by the offender 
-Includes Attempted rapes (including verbal threats of rape), male and female victims, 
heterosexual and homosexual rape  
Sexual Assault (NCVS) 
-Attacks or attempted attacks involving unwanted sexual contact or verbal threats of attacks  
-May or may not involve force and include things like grabbing and fondling  
*Consent is like a cup of Tea 
Different Types of Rape 
Forcible rape  
-Forces or threatens to use force to penetrate victim 
Drug or alcohol facilitated rape 
-Rape occurs under the influence of drugs or alcohol deliberately given to the victim 
Incapacitated rape 
-Rape occurs after self-induced alcohol or drug incapacitation 
Statutory rape 
-Sex with a person under the legal age to consent 
**Age consent in Texas is 17 
Sexual Victimization other than Rape 
Sexual coercion 
-Penetration with penis, mouth, tongue, digit or object 
-Did not use force, used psychological tactics 
Unwanted sexual contact 
-Penetration not an element 
-May or may not be utilization of force 
-Contact above or below the clothing 
Non-contact sexual abuse 
-Visual abuse – pornographic images 
-Verbal abuse – sounds intentionally abusive in sexual manner 
Measurement and Extent of Sexual Victimization 
-Limited to forcible rape of females 
-Updated in 2013 to include males and females & other forms of penetration  
-2009 – 28.7 per 100,000 female inhabitants 
-Rape and sexual assault 
-Includes unreported rapes  
-Rate of 1.0 per 1,000 persons aged 12 or older  
National Violence Against Wo...

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