View From the South Paper #3
Mexico in the nineteenth century was a country that struggled to maintain a political voice for its citizens and economic opportunity. The country at the time before the revolution began has been under the control of the liberal caudillo dictator, Porfirio Díaz for thirty-four years. In these thirty-four years he was not elected in the polls by the majority of the population. He just continued to forcefully control the country of Mexico. He stayed in power for such a long time “for the benefit of privileged native elites and foreign investors” (Charlip & Burns 2017 173). This created unrest and anger with the middle class and poor working-class citizens. The majority of the population of the country did not share the wealth that the native elites or foreign investors had. With how Porfirio Díaz was running Mexico, the people were unhappy and wanted him out of power. Under Porfirio Díaz, Hacienda peons earned only thirty-five cents a day while the crops they farmed such as corn and chile prices doubled. The price of beans were six times more expensive than they were when the nineteenth century began (Charlip & Burns 2017 174). Urban workers quality of live was a little better than the Hacienda peons. They were made to work twelve-hour days, every day of the week. They were able to live in squalid housing with only one bathhouse for the 15,000 people who lived in this form of housing (Charlip & Burns 2017 174). In 1910, in a shock to the Mexican people, Porfirio Díaz decided to run for office again. They were shocked because he previously claimed to Pearson’s Magazine that “he would not be seeking reelection” (Charlip & Burns 2017 176). Francisco I. Maderno ran against Díaz in the election. The night before the election was supposed to commence, Díaz threw Madero in jail because Madero was campaigning on the fact that “Mexicans wanted liberty, not bread” (Charlip &...