People depend on natural resources for their survival. The Earth’s ecological cycle cleans the air we breathe, recycles and purifies the water we drink, provides us with food and fuel. The diversity of natural resources also provides economic and community benefits through the use of resources in forestry, farming, and fishing. This research is based on Sustainable Development, Millennium Development Goals, Sustainable Development Goals and South African National Development Plan: vision 2030 as well its objective.
Questin1 Sustainable Development
a) According to Myrdal (1974:729) development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive changes, economic, social and demographic components. The aim of developing is to rise levels of quality of life of the population and create local regional income. Development is visible and useful and it includes an aspect of quality changes.
Note: In order to achieve health development within the country there must be Sustainability.
b) Johnston and Lucas (2014:47-69) stated that sustainability is the ability to sustained, support and upheld or confirmed. It can also be define as the quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources and thereby supporting long term ecological balance.
What is Sustainable Development?
Sustainable Development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural system, to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend. It also can be classified as development that meet needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (Wiley interscince 2005: www, interscince.wiley.com.Do1:10.1002/sd.281).
Nel (2017:63-67) stated that Sustainable development aimed to maintain economic advancement and progress while protecting the long-term value of the environment. This is about integration development in a way that benefit the widest possible range of sectors across boarders and even between generations. In other words decision makers should take into consideration potential impact on society, the environment and the economy.
1.1 Principles of sustainable development.
According to Ms. Singh (2014:327-337) “higher standard of living must be achieved without disposing nature of its beauty, freshness and purity, so essential to our lives”. There are so many principles of sustainable development but this research will focused into four principles which are Holistic Development, Development within the boundary of environment, Development within socio-cultural and tradition knowledge base and Enhance quality of life.
1.1.1 Holistic development: considering all the biotic and abiotic material while planning for development.
1.1.2 Development within the boundary of environment: equilibrium among various ecosystem can resist only to certain amount of pressure in form of natu...