What Are Some Recommendations For Continuing Hiv Research And Scientific Investigative Processes?

586 words - 3 pages

The President can play a critical role through specific steps to increase access to these life-prolonging HIV-treatments and to the broad range of prophylactic drugs needed to prevent disease and reduce suffering. First, the U.S. must adopt a trade policy that supports the implementation of emergency drug manufacturing and pricing measures already allowed under international treaties. These include importing of medicines from one country to obtain the lowest prices, the licensed manufacture of generic equivalents, and differential pricing based upon relative ability to pay. The U.S. should encourage its G-8 partners to support similar trade agreements.While the U.S. is the leading international donor on global AIDS efforts, we provide a far smaller percentage of our national budget to these efforts than ...view middle of the document...

UNAIDS and the USAID estimate that at least $3 billion would be needed annually just to mount basic prevention programs throughout Africa, where the disease has hit hardest. Providing care for those already infected, including the millions of children orphaned by AIDS, will take at least that amount again. The AIDS Foundation's recommendations include enactment of legislation that provides tax credits and other incentives to speed the development of HIV vaccines and microbicides, as well as enhanced funding for the research and development of new and improved HIV treatments at the National Institutes of Health. The package of recommendations also cites steps needed to increase the quality and availability of HIV care and to insure access to medications, including enhanced funding of the Ryan White CARE Act and reform of the Medicaid program to include people in earlier stages of HIV disease.Theoretical and methodological research paradigms should be expanded wherever possible to incorporate multiple quantitative and qualitative methods. Methodological choices must be based upon the research question(s) under study, but such choices can be strengthened by triangulation; that is, the sequential or concurrent use of qualitative methods will inevitably improve the validity and confidence in research findings and their implications for prevention.Ensure that research applications that utilize behavioral and social science theories and methodologies receive the recognition they deserve from other scientific disciplines and professions, it is the responsibility of researchers-that is, of anthropologists, psychologists, and sociologists-to communicate and disseminate their research findings to a wide audience, in academic settings and conferences, in books, and in peer-reviewed journals.REFERENCESQualitative Methods in Drug Abuse and HIV Research, 157, www.nida.nih.gov/pdf/monographs/157.pdfRecommendations, http://www.sfaf.org

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