What Is Qualitative And Quantitative Research Approaches? Denver Essay

3096 words - 13 pages

There has been widespread debate in recent years within many of the social sciences regarding the relative merits of quantitative and qualitative strategies for research. The positions taken by individual researchers vary considerably, from those who see the two strategies as entirely separate and based on alternative views of the world, to those who are happy to mix these strategies within their research projects. For example, Bryman (1988) argued for a `best of both worlds' approach and suggested that qualitative and quantitative approaches should be combined. Hughes (1997), nevertheless, warns that such technicist solutions underestimate the politics of legitimacy that are associated with choice of methods. In particular, quantitative approaches have been seen as more scientific and `objective'.
In exploring issues of qualitative and quantitative research, this material builds directly on the epistemological foundations presented in the package `What is Research?' For example, in exploring the distinctions between qualitative and quantitative forms of research we need to consider the different ontological and epistemological questions we considered when discussing positivism, interpretivism and critical paradigms. Thus, on first consideration, the use of questionnaires as a research technique might be seen as a quantitative strategy, whereas interviews and observations might be thought of as qualitative techniques. Similarly, it is often assumed that quantitative approaches draw on positivist ontologies whereas qualitative approaches are more associated with interpretive and critical paradigms. A further assumption is that some critical approaches to research, such as feminism, only use qualitative approaches (see Graham, 1984; Jayrantine, 1993 to prove this assumption wrong!). And so in practice, of course, it is often more complicated than that! Thus, interviews may be structured and analysed in a quantitative manner, as when numeric data is collected or when non-numeric answers are categorized and coded in numeric form. Similarly, surveys may allow for open-ended responses and lead to the in-depth study of individual cases. In addition, quantitative and qualitative approaches are strongly associated with objectivity (quantitative) and subjectivity (qualitative). These were issues that we considered in terms of the role of the researcher within the research process earlier in the course. Finally, the choice of approach is linked to the research objectives.
The main aim of this package is to introduce you to, and facilitate your understanding of, the key debates concerning qualitative and quantitative approaches. The learning outcomes are:
· To outline the qualitative and quantitative paradigms;
· To illustrate the distinctiveness of each paradigm;
· To illustrate issues of similarity between each paradigms;
· To outline the ways in which qualitative and quantitative methods can be combined;
· To ap...


Qualitative and Quantitative Research - Grand Canyon PCN 540 - Essay

733 words - 3 pages theorized to be salient for this cultural group of females .(Flores & O’Brien, 2002). The Key Differences Between Qualitative And Quantitative Research Qualitative research goal is to develop an understanding of a social or human problem from multiple perspectives; also seen as exploratory research and answer the question “who, why, and in what way” (Abawi, 2008). In this study, the researchers are using qualitative data to identify and understand

Human Value: quantitative or qualitative? King Lear - Brush Highschool Honors English - ESSAY

499 words - 2 pages Edgar on the heath, and with Edgar and Gloucester on the road to dover. Through these three experiences Lear understands the human value is qualitative. Lear eventually realizes that human value is qualitative, yet it takes him some time to figure this out. Lear demanding his daughters to profess their love for him is what brings this issue to the light. Lear’s youngest and favorite daughter, Cordelia, is the only person honest with her father

Critique a Quantitative Research Model - NCU 8102 - Essay

1839 words - 8 pages children use social media and related technologies, and to what extent. Study and Design Williams and Merten used quantitative research methods and examined external data for their two-study design. The data was mostly derived from the Pew Internet and American Life Project with some sub-sampling. Lee and Chae, however, used qualitative research methods via surveys completed by children. One of the strengths noted for William and Merten’s study and

Domestic Violence and its Effects upon Children - Qualitative Research - Research Paper

2155 words - 9 pages life such as being abused or becoming abusive. (Harth, Health & Social Care) It is also important to know and understand what all domestic violence consists of. When some people hear the term domestic violence the individuals may automatically assume physical violence, but as Professor Umoren Okon mentions abuse can also include sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse, and psychological abuse. (Umoren) This article review will analyze

Quasars - what is it and what does it do - Science yr 10 - Research paper

638 words - 3 pages center of a galaxy is surrounded by friction or magnetic movement of material, causing two jets to erupt from either side of the accretion plate. These emission last until the fuel on the accretion disk runs out. The center of these types of galaxies are called AGN (active galactic nucleus). Quasars, blazars and radio galaxies are all the same thing, but are just named differently depending on what angle we can see them from here on earth. We

What is Optometry and what is involved with this field - Senior Project - Essay

527 words - 3 pages Gipson 1 Gipson 2 Ashlynn Gipson Dr. Tilly ENG COMP I 17 September 2018 Cause and Effect Essay There are always reasons that things happen. Some of the things that happen in life are the effects of our actions and choices. An example of this is completely tearing my MCL. Looking back on my injury I realized that there were causes and effects to the tearing of my MCL. The first cause is that I had already hurt it the year before and practiced

And exploration into the diachronic and synchronic approaches to polysemy and homonymy. - University of Leeds - Essay

1840 words - 8 pages Free what we perceive to be fact. Ultimately however, despite the synchronic approach to these semantic problems, particularly with it’s focus on practical usage of language and what connotations a word might have at an individual time, due to the subjective nature of this particular area of study, it is inconsequential to argue for one or the other. From the equal amount of strengths and weaknesses posed during this essay, the two approaches need to

Chaucer and Shakespeare's Approaches to Troilus and Cressida - St. Mary's College of Maryland/ENG 284 - Essay

541 words - 3 pages -colored glasses, darker intentions arise among all characters. Shakespeare’s Troilus lacks romantic emotions regarding being in love with Cressida, saying “Troilus shall be such to Cressida as what envy can say worst shall be a mock for his truth, and what truth can speak truest not truer than Troilus” (3.2.95-98). One may argue that this attitude is fueled by the Elizabethan value of male dominance; he sees Cressida as an object rather than an a

DisCompare and contrast integrative and distributive approaches to negotiation - Negotiation - Essay

1062 words - 5 pages Compare and contrast integrative and distributive approaches to negotiation. Stoshikj (2014) quotes Rubin and Brown (1975) stating “negotiations as the process whereby people attempt to settle what each shall give and take or perform and receive in a transaction between them”. The two key strategies in negotiations are: distributive negotiation and integrative negotiation. Distributive, or ‘fixed pie’, negotiations occur when there is a finite

Creatures Notes looking at Frankenstein and what is to come - English Extension - Research

866 words - 4 pages or reactive rather then proactive · Shelley offers hope (solace) > creatures self correction, actively guides it self and gathering of personal knowledge > take responsibility, offer guardianship no matter how late · OR!! No solace – Shelley is suggesting with resignation that humans are corruptive Group 3: How does Shelley explore the ethics of scientific development upheaval? What restrictions should be placed upon scientific experimentation

Discuss biological and behaviourist approaches intro aggression including reductionist methodologies - NTU - Essay

2199 words - 9 pages significant element that is present in both human and animal behaviour. A Real-World Health Organization report has shown that aggressive acts account for 1.43 million deaths worldwide (Provençal, Booij, & Tremblay, 2015). This essay focuses on a reductionist approach into aggression, and the biological factors which may be the underlying cause for these impulsive responses, comparing two biological approaches to a behaviourist approach. The first

This essay is about motivation and what it takes to achieve a goal - Mdcc - Essay

475 words - 2 pages Hays Holder ENG 113-30 T. Craddock Essay 1 “If there is no struggle, there is no progress” this inspirational quote by Frederick Douglass has continued to inspire individuals for years. People will naturally tend to doubt their capabilities and give up on their goals; rather than to carry on attempting to achieve them. Continuing to pursue goals, no matter the struggle, cannot be achieved until you conquer the struggle. A goal that is attainable

Rape Humor- an essay describing what rape humor really is and if it is funny. - Creative writing - Essay

1526 words - 7 pages consider what makes these jokes appealing to others and why. (As someone who has been raped not once, but twice) I know personally the act of rape is not funny, and there is never a reason to laugh at it. Daniel Tosh, a comedian and television show host got a lot of controversy after speaking in 2012 at The Laugh Factory in Hollywood one night. Stated in a blog by the name of Jezebel two women were at this show that night and when Tosh took the stage

What is Justice in the perspective of Thrasymachus and Glaucon in Plato's Republic - Philosophy - Essay

626 words - 3 pages David 1 Last Name 2 Peter David Professor Mesing Philosophy February 5, 2018 Short Paper (Pair #2) What is justice? The dictionary definition of this word says that it is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered. However, in Plato’s book “The Republic”, two characters named Glaucon and Thrasymachus have their own version of what this word exactly means to them. In this essay, I am going to thoroughly analyze and make a

Identity, What is the identity how and whats creating it - Sociology - Essay

1007 words - 5 pages unique or different. This is called personal identity. Social roles in everyday life such as work, religious rituals, belongings and groups we are in create a sense of what is called Social Identity. People change over the time and their roles as well and social positions. In this case we could also think that personalities are something that changes as well. People might argue by saying that they are always the same and the only thing is