Why Is Bastion Point Significant To New Zealand? History Essay

4807 words - 20 pages

Bastion Point
Jessica Hinton | Assessment | 5 Credits
Bastion Point is an area of valuable land that was originally owned by the tribe Ngati Whatua. It is located near the center of Auckland, it’s part of the Orakei reserve that was set aside for Ngati Whatua. The land became a symbol of Maori land struggles in the 1970’s and 1980’s. the causes of the occupation of Bastion Point is the Treaty of Waitangi, land grievances, the assimilation and integration of the Maori people and the land march of 1975. The consequences of the occupation at Bastion Point is the settlement of 1978, the 1987 Waitangi Tribunal Orakei Report, the government actions – the Orakei Act of 1991 and the Maori people remembering their roots. The occupation of Bastion Point did have a significant impact on New Zealanders and New Zealand’s Society.
Traditional tribal lands had both spiritual and economic value to the Maori. By the 1960’s even though most of the Maori people lived in urban areas, their traditional lands were important to them as turangawaewae, a place that they would be able to return to and an essential part of their heritage. By the year 1975 only 3 million acres of traditional Maori land remained in the Maori people’s hands. Most of this was owned by absentee owners and the title was fragmented with small blocks of land sometimes even having hundreds of owners. Which were all descended from one of the original owners who had gained the title from the Maori Land Court (Originally name the Native Land Court).
The Maori Land Court was set up in 1865, this was with the intention of getting rid of the communal ownership of the Maori land so that it could be more simply sold. The Maori Land Court placed title for land in the hands of up to ten owners, which were usually chiefs of tribes. These chiefs were then free to sell their land without even discussing with the rest of their tribe. The Court had the planned outcome, the land sales continued to rise at a steady rate. By the year 1911, only 10% of New Zealand’s 66 million acres remained in the Maori people’s hands.
Maori who owned shares in the tribal lands found that their holdings were too little to provide a living. Many of them moved up to cities so that they could support themselves and their families also. The 1960s and 70s saw Maori groups turn their heads to the retention (continued possession), development and in some cases, the returning of Maori land.
The Treaty of Waitangi is a cause of the occupation at Bastion Point because some Maori chiefs and the British government signed an agreement at the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. In the second article in the translation of the Maori text, it states that “The Crown guaranteed the Maori the full chieftainship (rangatiratanga) of their lands, villages and treasured possessions (taonga).” Compared to the English text, “In return Maori were guaranteed possession...


Spreading democracy promotes peace? - International relations, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. - Essay

1967 words - 8 pages democracy and thus peace in these countries. In many instances, their intervention has made the situation worse. Essentially, most scholars agree that democratic countries are significantly more peaceful than non-democratic countries. However, why is it that spreading democracy, at least in the recent time has failed? Is it the approach to spreading democracy that has failed, or that democracy does not actually cause peace? To answer this question, we

How Did The Nineteenth Amendment Come To Be Part Of Our Constitution And Why Was It Significant? A History Of The Female Right's Movement And The Importance Of The 19th Amendment

1560 words - 7 pages the much-needed support of Susan B. Anthony. At a convention in 1852, Anthony spoke out against the injustices that women were facing and said that, "The right women need above every other...is the right of suffrage." Anthony would prove to be a great leader in this movement.On June 13th 1866, Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment, which dealt with rights of citizens in the United States. Upon its ratification in July of 1868, some questions

“What is the point of learning about risk and return if I am planning to be an accountant”. - afin253 - essay

1095 words - 5 pages accountant, and how the related theories are being applied in real life. Using several concepts and facts from different sources, the essay is expected to partly illustrate the relationship between accounting and risk-return management. The first reason why an accountant must know about risk and return is for short-term investing. According to Kinmel, Weygandt and Kieso (2009), short-term investments are securities held by an organization, and they

why portuguese people immigrated to canada - History - essay

818 words - 4 pages Why Portuguese people Immigrated to Canada Britanie December 15,2017 The Canadian-Portuguese community is an important part of Canada's multicultural society. In the Portuguese culture and community in Winnipeg and my own family, there have been many examples of how Winnipeg has changed due to our community and also how the Portuguese community has changed because of Winnipeg. The traditional aspects of Portuguese culture are what helped build

Why football is important to me - Lodi High/ English - essay

1139 words - 5 pages Free going to go. We told each other that we needed to go in confident and at the top of our game. One of my teammates, Dominic stated, “We could go down in history for this school. We need to make this community and school proud.” As we all left our separate ways for school, all I could think about is the game that night and my teammates. All of us are like family. We push each other in school, sports, and outside of school. We were all very close

Why Socs is a disgrace to society - Outsiders Essay

739 words - 3 pages to college. Another reason why Socs are a menace is that Socs only care about themselves and no one around them. One example is after Pony and Johnny ran away, the Socs came up to them and tried to hurt the two boys for picking up their girls. Johnny took out his switchblade and stabbed Bob in self-defense. Johnny later tells Pony, They ran when I stabbed him. They all ran(57) This shows how Socs are like a pack who go around trying to cause

Was the Munich Putsch the most significant threat faced by the Nazis - History - Essay

1396 words - 6 pages The Munich Putsch of November 1923 is a presentation of activism against the Weimar government through the means of political opposition. The demonstration was a symbol of the hatred and clash of ideologies from the Nazi party, which climbed its way to be the majority with help, including the outcome of this Putsch. However, I believe that no single action or event can inclusively cause a downfall of something as although it may set off a

A low point of Residential Schools in Canadian History - History - Essay

1107 words - 5 pages attend these schools for being who they are. The imposition of residential schools on First Nations children represents a low point in Canadian history, because they faced separation from their families, it distanced many First Nations people from their traditional belief systems, and they have lived under very poor conditions. Even though nowadays, there are no residential schools in Canada, due to Aboriginal rights and laws that were passed, this


835 words - 4 pages . Everyone with anxiety has had at least one disappointing conversation in which the other person shows a who-cares-looking-face or just telling them to ‘stop worrying about it’ when in reality it’s not that easy. Why? Because according to someone, having anxiety is like constantly being pushed underwater by wave after wave. Coming up for air only gives you relief for a minute, but just as you find relief, you’re pushed under again. Sometimes, the

First world war key turning point in civil rights in the US? - History - Essay

899 words - 4 pages Free migration, fuelled by the rise of job opportunities in war-related industries. Around 10 percent of the Black population ha migrated to cities in the North, such as Los Angeles and Chicago. In the 1940s, Chicago’s black population doubled to 500,000. This is significant because between 1940 and 1950, another 1.5 Black Americans had left the South. But this les to social and economic issues between Blacks and White Americans. For example, in 1942

Why Jamaica is the perfect place to be on vacation. - English - Persuasive Essay

895 words - 4 pages the island it feels like one big happy family, you connect to any and everyone in some way. You can count on leave with a few new friends to share the memories with in the future. Jamaicans love and appreciate every tourist that enters the island we give our natural hundred percent to make sure you will never forget your time here. If your here for a weddings, quick vacation or visiting family, this island is a magical experience everyone should

why is holden unable to move onto adulthood - high school - essay

849 words - 4 pages Free The Catcher in the Rye Why is Holden afraid to move on to adulthood and does not want any children to be adults. Holden Caulfield is a seventeen-year-old character who is acrimonious of the adult world, whereas displaying immature behavior during the novel progresses. He is terrified of the change and troubled through life, despite having the entire world prior to him. James Castle, Holden’s old mate, killed himself rather than become a phony

Why a good work ethic is needed and how to obtain one - UCLA English 140 - essay

1314 words - 6 pages not just temporary. The second trait should be honesty. Honesty is the quality of being free from untruthfulness or lies to him/her-self. Being honest is a good trait for a strong work ethic because it will keep you from slacking off or making excuses on why you do not want to do something efficiently. The third trait to a good work ethic should be determination, which is the strength of character or the process of establishing something exactly

New York Is A Fun Place To Visit

551 words - 3 pages are on billboards all over the place. And at the same time people are getting paid to hand out flyers for strip-joints on every corner. New York is a fun place but at the same time it is very filthy. New York is filthy for a few different reasons. First off, there is smoke everywhere that comes out of the subway. The smoke that comes out is disgusting looking and smells really bad. Secondly, the subway smells like urine. I don't know why it does

Essay about moving to a new city

781 words - 4 pages the lunch table. As I sat down Saucers friends just stared at me with confusion of why I was sitting at their table. Saucer then introduced who I was and told them I was new to Laing. Weeks later Me and Saucer started talking more and she asked to hang out. That next friday we hung out and I introduced her to Garrison since he had just moved to Charleston as well. Every since the first time we hung out we are basically always together. She now