Why Single Men And Married Men Do Not Participate In Regular Physical Exercise?

1803 words - 8 pages

Objectives and Research Questions Introduction Physical exercise is beneficial for people both physically and mentally (Penedo & Dahn, 2005). However, in contemporary society, a concern has been raised widely among people that participation in physical exercise is decreasing (Brownson, Boehmer & Luke, 2005). This report is to find out the reasons why single and married men do not participate in regular physical exercise and analyze the similarities and differences of the reasons between these two groups by qualitative approach.

Qualitative research is a common research methodology that it usually collects and analyzes the data for subjective purposes (Johnston, 2010). And it helps researchers to understand the meaning and interpretation of the data (Johnston, 2010).

Literature Review
A number of studies have been advanced as far as why single men and married men do not engage in regular physical activities.
Taking care of children is a big reason for married men do not participate in regular physical exercise (Snyder, 2005). This is because children, especially younger children, need more solicitude and close attention (Snyder, 2005), and apparently, married men are likely to reduce their time of physical activity for taking care of their children. (Hull et al. , 2010). In addition, it is found that married men compress their physical exercise time due to their long-time work and family (Sobal & Hanson, 2010). So there is no denying that work takes up married men a lot of time, inhibiting them from fitness (Sobal & Hanson, 2010). However, for single men, other activities, such as watching TV and playing with a computer, are more attractive than regular physical exercise (Sobal & Hanson, 2010).

The money limit is a common problem for both married men and single men (Tai, Gould, Smith & Iliffe, 1999). To be more precise, exercise facilities, gym membership, transportation, and other expenses cost a large amount of money and some married men and single men do not afford these expenses (Snyde, 2005). Furthermore, the involvement of physical activities for both married and single men is deeply influenced by self-esteem (McAuley et al., 2000). As a result, they do not participate in regular fitness due to their poor physical conditioning, physical skills, body image, and so on (McAuley et al., 2000).
Based on the literature review above, occupancy of family and work time is the main reason for married men who rarely participate in regular physical exercise, while single men are affected by various choices for leisure time. What is more, married men and single men also consider financial constraints and self-esteem as important factors of engagement in physical exercise.

Research Questions
Why single men do not participate in regular physical exercise?
Why do married men not participate in regular physical exercise?
What are the similarities between the reasons that single men and married men do not participate in regular physi...

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